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'''i''' (plural '''in''' in [[Sindarin]]) is the [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]] article "''the''" and relative pronoun "''who''".
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'''''i''''' (plural '''''in''''' in [[Sindarin]]) is the [[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]] article "the" and relative pronoun "who".
==Etymology==
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It's possible that the article begun as a relative pronoun, whose [[Primitive Quendian]] [[Sundocarmë|Root]] was [[YA]].
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==Sindarin==
 
==Sindarin==
 
===Mutations===
 
===Mutations===
In Sindarin, the singular form causes [[lenition]] to the following word. For example ''[[tâl]]'' "foot" > ''i '''d'''âl'' "the foot"<ref>{{HM|LR}} p. 298</ref>.
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In Sindarin, the singular form causes [[lenition]] to the following word. For example ''[[tâl]]'' "foot" > ''i '''d'''âl'' "the foot".<ref>{{HM|LR}} p. 298</ref>
  
The plural form causes [[nasal mutation]], and the final -''n'' is assimilated. For example ''[[Perian|Periain]]'' "[[Halflings]]" > ''i'''n+P'''eriain'' > ''i-'''Ph'''eriain'' "the Halflings"<ref>{{HM|RK}}, [[The Field of Cormallen]]</ref>
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The plural form causes [[nasal mutation]], and the final -''n'' is assimilated. For example ''[[Perian|Periain]]'' "[[Halflings]]" > ''i'''n+P'''eriain'' > ''i-'''Ph'''eriain'' "the Halflings".<ref>{{RK|Cormallen}}</ref>
  
(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot)
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(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot between article and word.)
  
 
===Related forms===
 
===Related forms===
These Sindarin prepositions contain the suffixed article ''-in''
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These Sindarin prepositions contain the suffixed article ''-in'':
  
*''[[nan]]'' "to the"
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*''[[nan (preposition)|nan]]'' "to the"
 
*''[[ben]]'' "according to the"
 
*''[[ben]]'' "according to the"
 
*''[[nuin]]'' "under the"
 
*''[[nuin]]'' "under the"
 
*''[[erin]]'' "on the"
 
*''[[erin]]'' "on the"
*''[[uin]]'' "of the"
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*''[[uin (preposition)|uin]]'' "of the"
  
The above combined articles cause a peculiar phenomenon of lenition different from the above<ref>[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mixed]</ref>.
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The above combined articles when before a word, cause a peculiar phenomenon of lenition different from the above.<ref>http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mixed</ref>
  
 
==As a relative pronoun==
 
==As a relative pronoun==
 
<!-- note: this should be moved to ye/ya -->
 
<!-- note: this should be moved to ye/ya -->
In both Quenya and Sindarin, ''i'' is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ''[[ya]]/[[ye]]'' but can also be used in the Singular
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In both Quenya and Sindarin, ''i'' is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ''[[ya]]/[[ye]]'' but can also be used in the Singular.
  
For example  
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For example:
 
*''[[Perhael]], '''i''' [[sennui]] "[[Panthael]]" [[esta]]thar [[aen]]'' "[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]], '''who''' ought to be called 'Fullwise'"<ref>{{HM|SD}}, [[King's Letter]]</ref>
 
*''[[Perhael]], '''i''' [[sennui]] "[[Panthael]]" [[esta]]thar [[aen]]'' "[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]], '''who''' ought to be called 'Fullwise'"<ref>{{HM|SD}}, [[King's Letter]]</ref>
*''[[Eru]] '''i''' [[or]] [[ilya|ilye]] [[mahalma]]r [[ea (verb)|ea]]'' "the One, '''who''' is above all thrones"
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*''[[Ilúvatar|Eru]] '''i''' [[or]] [[ilya|ilye]] [[mahalma]]r [[ea (verb)|ea]]'' "the One, '''who''' is above all thrones"
  
In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun
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In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun:
*'''''[[illon]]''''' [[cam]]nelyes'' "'''from whom''' you received it?"<ref>{{VT|47}}, p. 21</ref>.
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*'''''illon''' [[cam]]nelyes'' "'''from whom''' you received it?"<ref>{{VT|47a}}, p. 21</ref>
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
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<small>
 
* [[Dragon Flame]] 2.0
 
* [[Dragon Flame]] 2.0
 
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</small>
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
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{{title|lowercase}}
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[[Category:Sindarin articles]]

Latest revision as of 17:17, 15 March 2013

i (plural in in Sindarin) is the Quenya and Sindarin article "the" and relative pronoun "who".

[edit] Sindarin

[edit] Mutations

In Sindarin, the singular form causes lenition to the following word. For example tâl "foot" > i dâl "the foot".[1]

The plural form causes nasal mutation, and the final -n is assimilated. For example Periain "Halflings" > in+Periain > i-Pheriain "the Halflings".[2]

(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot between article and word.)

[edit] Related forms

These Sindarin prepositions contain the suffixed article -in:

The above combined articles when before a word, cause a peculiar phenomenon of lenition different from the above.[3]

[edit] As a relative pronoun

In both Quenya and Sindarin, i is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ya/ye but can also be used in the Singular.

For example:

In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun:

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings p. 298
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  3. http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mixed
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, King's Letter
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, p. 21