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I

(Difference between revisions)
(As a relative pronoun)
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In Sindarin, the singular form causes [[lenition]] to the following word. For example ''[[tâl]]'' "foot" > ''i '''d'''âl'' "the foot"<ref>{{HM|LR}} p. 298</ref>.
 
In Sindarin, the singular form causes [[lenition]] to the following word. For example ''[[tâl]]'' "foot" > ''i '''d'''âl'' "the foot"<ref>{{HM|LR}} p. 298</ref>.
  
The plural form causes [[nasal mutation]], and the final -''n'' is assimilated. For example ''[[Perian|Periain]]'' "[[Halflings]]" > ''i'''n+P'''eriain'' > ''i-'''Ph'''eriain''<ref>{{HM|RK}}, [[The Field of Cormallen</ref>
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The plural form causes [[nasal mutation]], and the final -''n'' is assimilated. For example ''[[Perian|Periain]]'' "[[Halflings]]" > ''i'''n+P'''eriain'' > ''i-'''Ph'''eriain'' "the Halflings"<ref>{{HM|RK}}, [[The Field of Cormallen]]</ref>
  
 
(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot)
 
(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot)
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*''[[uin]]'' "of the"
 
*''[[uin]]'' "of the"
 
==As a relative pronoun==
 
==As a relative pronoun==
In both Quenya and Sindarin, ''i'' is used for the relative pronoun "who", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ''[[ya]]/[[ye]]'' but can also be used in the Singular
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<!-- note: this should be moved to ye/ya -->
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In both Quenya and Sindarin, ''i'' is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ''[[ya]]/[[ye]]'' but can also be used in the Singular
  
 
For example  
 
For example  
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In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun
 
In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun
*''illon'' [[cam]]nelyes'' "'''from whom''' you received it?"<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 47]] p. 21</ref>.
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*'''''[[illon]]''''' [[cam]]nelyes'' "'''from whom''' you received it?"<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 47]] p. 21</ref>.
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
* [[Dragon Flame]] 2.0
 
* [[Dragon Flame]] 2.0
  
 
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin words]]

Revision as of 09:17, 19 November 2009

i (plural in in Sindarin) is the Quenya and Sindarin article "the" and relative pronoun "who".

Etymology

It's possible that the article begun as a relative pronoun, whose Primitive Quendian root was YA.

Sindarin

Mutations

In Sindarin, the singular form causes lenition to the following word. For example tâl "foot" > i dâl "the foot"[1].

The plural form causes nasal mutation, and the final -n is assimilated. For example Periain "Halflings" > in+Periain > i-Pheriain "the Halflings"[2]

(The affection is usually noted with a hyphen or a dot)

Related forms

These Sindarin prepositions contain the suffixed article -in

As a relative pronoun

In both Quenya and Sindarin, i is used for the relative pronoun "who" or a conjunction "that", introducing a secondary phrase. In Quenya it is usually the plural form of ya/ye but can also be used in the Singular

For example

In Quenya, it can also be declined as a noun

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings p. 298
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, The Field of Cormallen
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, King's Letter
  4. Vinyar Tengwar 47 p. 21