Tolkien Gateway

Ingwë

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| age=
 
| age=
 
| notablefor=
 
| notablefor=
| house=
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| house=[[House of Imin]]<ref>{{NM|P1xiii}}, p. 95</ref>
 
| parentage=[[Ilion]]
 
| parentage=[[Ilion]]
| siblings=Unnamed sister (mother of [[Indis]])<ref name=Shib>{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>
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| siblings=Unnamed sister (mother of [[Indis]])<ref name=Shib>{{PM|Shibboleth}}</ref>, at least one younger brother<ref name=Ilion>{{NM|P1xvii}}, p. 128</ref>
 
| spouse=[[Ilwen]]
 
| spouse=[[Ilwen]]
 
| children=Unnamed children, including [[Ingwion]]<ref>{{LR|P2III}}</ref>
 
| children=Unnamed children, including [[Ingwion]]<ref>{{LR|P2III}}</ref>
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
| height=
+
| height=Tall<ref name=Ilion/>
 
| hair=Golden curly<ref>{{NM|P2iv}}, p. 186</ref>  
 
| hair=Golden curly<ref>{{NM|P2iv}}, p. 186</ref>  
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
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| steed=
 
| steed=
 
}}
 
}}
'''Ingwë''' was the king of the [[Vanyar]] in [[Valinor]] and being the most high lord among the Elves, he was reckoned as the '''High King of the Elves'''.<ref name=princes/>  
+
'''Ingwë''' was the king of the [[Vanyar]] in [[Valinor]] and being the most high lord among the [[Elves]], he was reckoned as the '''High King of the Elves'''.<ref name=princes/>  
  
==History==
+
== History ==
Ingwë was one of the [[Minyar]] born at [[Cuiviénen]]. He was the eldest son of [[Ilion]], being the sixth generation of a direct male-line descendant of [[Imin]], from eldest son to eldest son. He was beloved by his people because of his thought. He wed [[Ilwen]] and had several children at Cuiviénen by the time [[Oromë]] found the [[Quendi]].<ref>{{NM|P1xvii}}, pp. 127-128</ref>  
+
Ingwë was one of the [[Minyar]] born at [[Cuiviénen]]. He was the eldest son of [[Ilion]], thus belonging to the fifth generation of Elves, and a direct male-line descendant of [[Imin]], from eldest son to eldest son. He was beloved by his people, and given to thought more than art. He wed [[Ilwen]] and had several children at Cuiviénen by the time [[Oromë]] found the [[Quendi]].<ref>{{NM|P1xvii}}, pp. 127-128</ref>  
  
 
When Oromë invited them to [[Aman]], Ingwë with [[Finwë]] and [[Elwë Singollo|Elwë]] followed him as ambassadors and travelled to the Blessed Realm. When they returned, they told their peoples about its beauty and bliss and became their leaders during the [[Great March]]. Ingwë was the leader of the [[Vanyar]], the foremost of the clans to follow Oromë, who were the most eager to reach the [[West]], which they did quickly.<ref name=journey>{{S|3}}</ref>
 
When Oromë invited them to [[Aman]], Ingwë with [[Finwë]] and [[Elwë Singollo|Elwë]] followed him as ambassadors and travelled to the Blessed Realm. When they returned, they told their peoples about its beauty and bliss and became their leaders during the [[Great March]]. Ingwë was the leader of the [[Vanyar]], the foremost of the clans to follow Oromë, who were the most eager to reach the [[West]], which they did quickly.<ref name=journey>{{S|3}}</ref>
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[[Indis]], the second wife of [[Finwë]], was of his close kin.<ref>{{S|6}}</ref>
 
[[Indis]], the second wife of [[Finwë]], was of his close kin.<ref>{{S|6}}</ref>
  
==Etymology==
+
== Etymology ==
 
{{Pronounce|Ingwe.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
{{Pronounce|Ingwe.mp3|Ardamir}}
 
The stem of the name ''Ingwë'' is related to [[Quenya]] ''inga'' ("top, highest point"), to which is attached the name suffix ''[[-wë]]''. As his proper title was '''''Ingwë Ingweron''''' ("Chief of the chieftains"), it can be deduced that his name simply means "Chief". His name is also identified with the Vanyar, who called themselves ''Ingwer'', as they considered themselves as the leaders of the Eldar.<ref name=Finwe/>{{rp|340}}
 
The stem of the name ''Ingwë'' is related to [[Quenya]] ''inga'' ("top, highest point"), to which is attached the name suffix ''[[-wë]]''. As his proper title was '''''Ingwë Ingweron''''' ("Chief of the chieftains"), it can be deduced that his name simply means "Chief". His name is also identified with the Vanyar, who called themselves ''Ingwer'', as they considered themselves as the leaders of the Eldar.<ref name=Finwe/>{{rp|340}}
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== Genealogy ==
 
== Genealogy ==
 +
<div style="overflow-x: hidden; overflow-y: hidden; border: 1px solid #AAAAAA; padding: 3px; background: #EEEEEE;">
 
{{familytree/start}}
 
{{familytree/start}}
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | IM |y| IME | | | | | | IM=[[Imin]]|IME=[[Iminyë]]}}
+
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | IM |y| IME | | | | | | IM=[[Imin]]<br/><small>''awoke {{YT|1050}}''</small>|IME=[[Iminyë]]<br/><small>''awoke {{YT|1050}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | |:| | | | | | | | }}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | |:| | | | | | | | }}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | |:| | | | | | | | }}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | |:| | | | | | | | }}
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | IL | | | | | | | | IL=[[Ilion]]}}
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{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | | | IL | | | | | | | | IL=[[Ilion]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| | | | | | }}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | | | | | |,|-|^|-|.| | | | | | }}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | UNF |y| UNK | | ING |y| ILW | | |ING='''INGWË'''</br><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|UNK=''unknown<br/>mother''|UNF=''unknown<br/>father''|ILW=[[Ilwen]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree | | | | | | | UNF |y| UNK | | ING |y| ILW | | |ING='''INGWË'''</br><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|UNK=''unknown<br/>mother''|UNF=''unknown<br/>father''|ILW=[[Ilwen]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>}}
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{{familytree | | | FËA | | FND | | FNG | | IRI | | FNR |FËA=[[Fëanor]]</br><small>''{{YT|1169}} - {{YT|1497|n}}''</small>|FND=[[Findis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]</br><small>''{{YT|1190}} - {{FA|456}}''</small>|IRI=[[Írimë]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNR=[[Finarfin]]</br><small>''b. {{YT|1230}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree | | | FËA | | FND | | FNG | | IRI | | FNR |FËA=[[Fëanor]]</br><small>''{{YT|1169}} - {{YT|1497|n}}''</small>|FND=[[Findis]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNG=[[Fingolfin]]</br><small>''{{YT|1190}} - {{FA|456}}''</small>|IRI=[[Írimë]]<br/><small>''b. {{YT}}''</small>|FNR=[[Finarfin]]</br><small>''b. {{YT|1230}}''</small>}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 
{{familytree/end}}
 +
</div>
  
 
== Other versions of the legendarium ==
 
== Other versions of the legendarium ==
===The Book of Lost Tales===
+
=== The Book of Lost Tales ===
 
In the earliest version of the [[legendarium]] in ''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]'', the character is called '''''Inwë''''', being the 'King of all the Eldar when they dwelt in [[Kôr]]'. Inwë's son was named as [[Ingil]].<ref>{{LT1|In}}, pp. 25-26</ref>
 
In the earliest version of the [[legendarium]] in ''[[The Book of Lost Tales]]'', the character is called '''''Inwë''''', being the 'King of all the Eldar when they dwelt in [[Kôr]]'. Inwë's son was named as [[Ingil]].<ref>{{LT1|In}}, pp. 25-26</ref>
  
 
In this phase, Ing and Inwë seem to appear interchangeably as names of a [[man]], king of [[Luthany]] (also king of ''Angali'', ''Euti'', ''Saksani'', and ''Firisandi'', all called ''Ingwaiwar''), who become immortal after drinking ''[[limpë]]'', possibly given to him by [[Eärendel]] while hiding from [[Ossë]]. [[Christopher Tolkien]] felt that there was a relation between the man and similarly named elves.<ref name=lt2vi>{{LT2|VI}}</ref>
 
In this phase, Ing and Inwë seem to appear interchangeably as names of a [[man]], king of [[Luthany]] (also king of ''Angali'', ''Euti'', ''Saksani'', and ''Firisandi'', all called ''Ingwaiwar''), who become immortal after drinking ''[[limpë]]'', possibly given to him by [[Eärendel]] while hiding from [[Ossë]]. [[Christopher Tolkien]] felt that there was a relation between the man and similarly named elves.<ref name=lt2vi>{{LT2|VI}}</ref>
  
===Later versions===
+
=== Later versions ===
 
In [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion|the Later ''Quenta Silmarillion'']], [[Indis]] was written as the sister of Ingwë.<ref>{{MR|P3II}}, pp. 207, 261</ref> However, in a later essay, she is the daughter of an unnamed sister of King Ingwë.<ref name=Finwe>{{PM|Finwe}}</ref>{{rp|343}}
 
In [[The Later Quenta Silmarillion|the Later ''Quenta Silmarillion'']], [[Indis]] was written as the sister of Ingwë.<ref>{{MR|P3II}}, pp. 207, 261</ref> However, in a later essay, she is the daughter of an unnamed sister of King Ingwë.<ref name=Finwe>{{PM|Finwe}}</ref>{{rp|343}}
 +
 +
In ''[[The Nature of Middle-earth]]'', Indis is a daughter of Ingwë, and a sister of [[Ingwion]] (in the text called ''Ingwil'').<ref name=Ilion/>
  
 
{{references|notes}}
 
{{references|notes}}
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{{seq-head
 
{{seq-head
 
| race=vanyar
 
| race=vanyar
| house=House of Ingwë
+
| house=[[House of Imin]]
 
| born=Between {{YT|1050}} and {{YT|1102|n}}
 
| born=Between {{YT|1050}} and {{YT|1102|n}}
 
| died=
 
| died=

Revision as of 23:08, 19 January 2022

Ingwë
Vanya
Alice Falto - Ingwe.jpg
"Ingwe" by Alice Falto
Biographical Information
PronunciationQ, [ˈiŋʷɡʷe]
TitlesHigh King of the Elves
LocationTaniquetil
LanguageVanyarin
BirthBetween Y.T. 1050 and 1102
Cuiviénen[1]
RuleFrom Y.T. 1105
Family
HouseHouse of Imin[2]
ParentageIlion
SiblingsUnnamed sister (mother of Indis)[3], at least one younger brother[4]
SpouseIlwen
ChildrenUnnamed children, including Ingwion[5]
Physical Description
GenderMale
HeightTall[4]
Hair colorGolden curly[6]
GalleryImages of Ingwë

Ingwë was the king of the Vanyar in Valinor and being the most high lord among the Elves, he was reckoned as the High King of the Elves.[7]

Contents

History

Ingwë was one of the Minyar born at Cuiviénen. He was the eldest son of Ilion, thus belonging to the fifth generation of Elves, and a direct male-line descendant of Imin, from eldest son to eldest son. He was beloved by his people, and given to thought more than art. He wed Ilwen and had several children at Cuiviénen by the time Oromë found the Quendi.[8]

When Oromë invited them to Aman, Ingwë with Finwë and Elwë followed him as ambassadors and travelled to the Blessed Realm. When they returned, they told their peoples about its beauty and bliss and became their leaders during the Great March. Ingwë was the leader of the Vanyar, the foremost of the clans to follow Oromë, who were the most eager to reach the West, which they did quickly.[9]

After the Great Journey, Ingwë never returned or set eyes upon Middle-earth again.[9] He lived in Tirion, in the tower called Mindon Eldaliéva, but then he went to Taniquetil at the feet of Manwë.[7] There he begot many children in the bliss of Aman, as noted by Finwë when Finwë complained to the Valar about his widowhood.[10]

Indis, the second wife of Finwë, was of his close kin.[11]

Etymology

The stem of the name Ingwë is related to Quenya inga ("top, highest point"), to which is attached the name suffix -wë. As his proper title was Ingwë Ingweron ("Chief of the chieftains"), it can be deduced that his name simply means "Chief". His name is also identified with the Vanyar, who called themselves Ingwer, as they considered themselves as the leaders of the Eldar.[12]:340

In the earlier Etymologies, Ingwë is said to be a compound of ing ("first") + the ending -we ("man").[13]

Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Imin
awoke Y.T. 1050
 
Iminyë
awoke Y.T. 1050
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ilion
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
unknown
father
 
unknown
mother
 
INGWË
b. Y.T.
 
Ilwen
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Míriel
d. Y.T. 1170
 
Finwë
d. Y.T. 1495
 
Indis
b. Y.T.
 
 
Ingwion
b. Y.T.
 
 
 
unknown
children
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fëanor
Y.T. 1169 - 1497
 
Findis
b. Y.T.
 
Fingolfin
Y.T. 1190 - F.A. 456
 
Írimë
b. Y.T.
 
Finarfin
b. Y.T. 1230

Other versions of the legendarium

The Book of Lost Tales

In the earliest version of the legendarium in The Book of Lost Tales, the character is called Inwë, being the 'King of all the Eldar when they dwelt in Kôr'. Inwë's son was named as Ingil.[14]

In this phase, Ing and Inwë seem to appear interchangeably as names of a man, king of Luthany (also king of Angali, Euti, Saksani, and Firisandi, all called Ingwaiwar), who become immortal after drinking limpë, possibly given to him by Eärendel while hiding from Ossë. Christopher Tolkien felt that there was a relation between the man and similarly named elves.[15]

Later versions

In the Later Quenta Silmarillion, Indis was written as the sister of Ingwë.[16] However, in a later essay, she is the daughter of an unnamed sister of King Ingwë.[12]:343

In The Nature of Middle-earth, Indis is a daughter of Ingwë, and a sister of Ingwion (in the text called Ingwil).[4]

Notes

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §3
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XIII. Key Dates", p. 95
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XVII. Generational Schemes", p. 128
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Two: Valinor and Middle-earth before The Lord of the Rings, III. The Later Annals of Beleriand"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part Two. Body, Mind and Spirit: IV. Hair", p. 186
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Carl F. Hostetter (ed.), The Nature of Middle-earth, "Part One. Time and Ageing: XVII. Generational Schemes", pp. 127-128
  9. 9.0 9.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase: The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel", p. 206
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor"
  12. 12.0 12.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "XI. The Shibboleth of Fëanor", "The names of Finwë's descendants"
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies", entries "ING", "WEG"
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "I. The Cottage of Lost Play": "Notes and Commentary", pp. 25-26
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, "VI. The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales"
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (II) The Second Phase", pp. 207, 261
Ingwë
House of Imin
Born: Between Y.T. 1050 and 1102
None
New title
High King of the Elves
From Y.T. 1105
None
Incumbent
King of the Vanyar
From Y.T. 1105