|Titles||High King of the Elves; King of the Vanyar|
|Birth||1050 YOTT, Cuiviénen |
|Death||Did not die |
Ingwë (Q, pron. [ˈiŋʷɡʷe]) is the leader of the first Kindred of Elves called the Vanyar and the uncle of Indis, wife of Finwë.
His name was loaned to the Vanyar, who also called themselves Ingwer.
He was reckoned as High King of all the Elves and his proper title was Ingwë Ingweron, "Chief of the chieftains". His tower in Tirion was called Mindon Eldaliéva.
His name means "First One" or "chief" in Quenya < root ING.
Other Versions of the Legendarium
In early versions of Tolkien's legendarium (see The History of Middle-earth) Ingwë's name was Inwë.
In that early writing Inwë (or Ing) was instead the name of a mortal man, the "King of Lúthien" (also spelled "Leithian" or "Luthany"), who was driven east over the sea by Ossë and became ruler of the ancestors of the Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians. Eventually the Angles, Saxon, and Jutes returned to Lúthien, now long renamed as Britain.
Tolkien was here adapting traditions about a Germanic ancestral figure named Yngvi
(also spelled "Ing", "Ingio", and "Ingui"). He is seen as an eponymous ancestor of the Ingaevones
, a people mentioned by Tacitus
in his Germania
as one of the three divisions of the Germanic tribes. In Scandinavian mythology, Yngvi was the mythological ancestor of the Swedish House of Ynglings
and a name for the god Freyr
. Like Ingwë, Freyr was the lord of the Elves in Álfheim