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Iron Hills

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The '''Iron Hills''' were a range of great hills in the north-east of [[Rhovanion (region)|Wilderland]]. The Hills were the source of the river [[Carnen]] and rich in iron.<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref><ref name="Third">{{PM|Third}}</ref>It was also home to a [[Dwarf realms|Dwarf-realm]] of the [[Durin's Folk|Longbeards]].<ref>{{H|Gathering}}</ref>
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The '''Iron Hills''' were a range of great hills in the north-east of [[Rhovanion|Wilderland]]. The Hills were the source of the river [[Carnen]] and rich in iron.<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref><ref name="Third">{{PM|Third}}</ref> It was also home to a [[Dwarf realms|Dwarf-realm]] of the [[Durin's Folk|Longbeards]].<ref>{{H|Gathering}}</ref>
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The Iron Hills were rich in iron,<ref name=Relations>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 302</ref> but probably not in [[gold]]; the [[Dwarves of the Iron Hills]], although prosperous, were not as wealthy as their other cousins.<ref name=Foster/>
  
The Iron Hills were rich in iron<ref name=Relations/>, but probably not in [[gold]]; the [[Dwarves of the Iron Hills]], although prosperous, were not as wealthy as their other cousins.<ref name=Foster/>
 
 
==History==
 
==History==
===Early History===
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===Early history===
The Iron Hills were perhaps a part or a remnant of the mountain chain [[Ered Engrin]] that formed the [[Iron Mountains]] of the [[First Age]].<ref>[[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'' p. 78</ref>
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The [[Durin's Folk|Longbeard]] [[Dwarves]] of [[Moria|Khazad-dûm]] colonized the Iron Hills in the [[First Age]].<ref group=note>The existence of the Iron Hills in the First Age is confirmed by Tolkien's writings published in ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''. Before these writings were published, other authors speculated that the Iron Hills might have been a part of the [[Iron Mountains]] in the First Age and came into independent existence after the [[War of Wrath]]. See [[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'' p. 78 and [[Charles Noad]], "A Note on the Geography of the [[First Age]]" in [[Amon Hen 38|''Amon Hen'' 38]], p. 12.</ref> The Hills were their primary source of iron-ore.<ref name=Relations/> The [[Old Forest Road|Dwarf-road of Mirkwood]] ran north-east to the Hills for the dwarf-traders and merchants between Khazad-dûm and the Hills.<ref>{{PM|XNotes}}, p. 323 (note 30)</ref>
  
The Hills were mined for thousands of years by the Longbeards, being their primary source for iron above all the rest of their territories.<ref name=Relations>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 302</ref> The [[Dwarf-road of Mirkwood]] ran north-east to the Hills for the dwarf-traders and merchants between [[Khazad-dûm]] and the Hills.<ref>{{PM|XNotes}}, p. 323 (note 30)</ref>
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Also in the First Age, some Men who migrated out of the east—"laggard kindred" of the [[Edain]]—chose to settle in the lands between the Iron Hills and Mirkwood.<ref>{{PM|Atani}}, p. 306</ref>
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After [[Sauron]] destroyed [[Eregion]] in the [[Second Age]], the Longbeards sealed Khazad-dûm and Orcs took control of the northern Misty Mountains and the Grey Mountains. This ended communication between the Iron Hills and Khazad-dûm for some time.<ref>{{PM|Relations}}, p. 306</ref>
  
 
===Third Age===
 
===Third Age===
In {{TA|1981}} the last of the Dwarves living in Khazad-dûm fled from the [[Balrog]] who had slain kings [[Durin VI]] and [[Náin I]].<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> Some of those who escaped wandered as far as the Iron Hills and resettled there.<ref name="Third"/>
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In {{TA|1981}} the last of the Dwarves living in Khazad-dûm fled from the [[Balrogs|Balrog]] who had slain kings [[Durin VI]] and [[Náin I]].<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> Some of those who escaped wandered as far as the Iron Hills and resettled there.<ref name="Third"/>
  
In {{TA|2570|n}} dragons began [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons|afflicting the dwarves in the north]] and in {{TA|2589|n}} King [[Dáin I]] was slain by a cold drake outside [[Dáin's halls|his halls]] in the [[Grey Mountains]].<ref name="TA"/> Due to these depredations, in {{TA|2590|n}} [[Grór]] son of Dáin left the Grey Mountains and established a Lordship in the Iron Hills.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>   
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In {{TA|2570|n}} dragons began [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons|afflicting the dwarves in the north]] and in {{TA|2589|n}} King [[Dáin I]] was slain by a [[Cold-drakes|cold-drake]] outside [[Dáin's halls|his halls]] in the [[Grey Mountains]].<ref name="TA"/> Due to these depredations, in {{TA|2590|n}} [[Grór]] son of Dáin left the Grey Mountains and established a Lordship in the Iron Hills.<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref>   
  
Over the next few centuries Grór and his people built the hills from a just an ancient mining colony to a great realm, especially after the [[Sack of Erebor|destruction]] of [[Erebor]] in {{TA|2770|n}}<ref name="TA"/> when the Dragon [[Smaug]] scattered the Longbeards who dwelt there. Most of the survivors subsequently went to their kinsmen in the Iron Hills, swelling its numbers.  
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Over the next few centuries Grór and his people built the hills from a just an ancient mining colony to a great realm, especially after the [[Sack of Erebor|destruction]] of [[Lonely Mountain|Erebor]] in {{TA|2770|n}}<ref name="TA"/> when the Dragon [[Smaug]] scattered the Longbeards who dwelt there. Most of the survivors subsequently went to their kinsmen in the Iron Hills, swelling its numbers.  
  
Before the death of [[Smaug]] in {{TA|2941}},<ref name="TA"/> the dwarven realm in the Iron Hills was the only force in the north-east of [[Wilderland]] capable of offering a large and strong enough resistance to the forces of evil.<ref>{{UT|Erebor}}</ref>
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Before the death of [[Smaug]] in {{TA|2941}},<ref name="TA"/> the dwarven realm in the Iron Hills was the only force in the north-east of [[Rhovanion|Wilderland]] capable of offering a large and strong enough resistance to the forces of evil.<ref>{{UT|Erebor}}</ref>
  
 
In {{TA|2799|n}}<ref name="TA"/> the final battle of the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]] [[Battle of Azanulbizar|occurred in the Dimrill Dale]]. When reinforcements, led by [[Náin (son of Grór)|Náin]], arrived from the Iron Hills the battle turned in the favour of the dwarves. With the war over, Dáin led his people home where, after the death of Grór, he became the new [[Lord of the Iron Hills]].<ref name="Durin">{{App|Durin}}</ref>
 
In {{TA|2799|n}}<ref name="TA"/> the final battle of the [[War of the Dwarves and Orcs]] [[Battle of Azanulbizar|occurred in the Dimrill Dale]]. When reinforcements, led by [[Náin (son of Grór)|Náin]], arrived from the Iron Hills the battle turned in the favour of the dwarves. With the war over, Dáin led his people home where, after the death of Grór, he became the new [[Lord of the Iron Hills]].<ref name="Durin">{{App|Durin}}</ref>
  
In {{TA|2941|n}} Lord [[Dáin II|Dáin Ironfoot]] led his warriors in the [[Battle of Five Armies]] near [[Erebor]]. The battle won but Thorin slain and Dáin became the new [[King under the Mountain]] and [[Kings of Durin's Folk|King of the Longbeards]] as Dáin II.<ref name="TA"/><ref name="Durin"/> He relocated to Erebor with many of his people, and re-established it as Durin's folk's greatest and strongest dwelling in the north.  
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In {{TA|2941|n}} Lord [[Dáin Ironfoot]] led his warriors in the [[Battle of Five Armies]] near Erebor. The battle was won, but Thorin was slain and Dáin became the new [[King under the Mountain]] and [[Kings of Durin's Folk|King of the Longbeards]] as Dáin II.<ref name="TA"/><ref name="Durin"/> He relocated to Erebor with many of his people, and re-established it as Durin's folk's greatest and strongest dwelling in the north. The Iron Hills pass out of history after this relocation, but probably were not wholly deserted.<ref name=Foster>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', p. 212</ref>
 
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The Iron Hills pass out of history after this relocation, but probably were not wholly deserted.<ref name=Foster>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', p. 212</ref>
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Lord of the Iron Hills]]
 
*[[Lord of the Iron Hills]]
  
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==Notes==
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
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[[Category:Hills]]
 
[[Category:Hills]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
 
[[Category:Rhovanion]]
 
[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
 
[[Category:Mountain ranges]]
 
[[Category:Dwarven realms]]
 
[[Category:Dwarven realms]]

Latest revision as of 07:36, 15 April 2017

Iron Hills
Physical Description
TypeHill range
LocationEast of Erebor, north-west of Rhûn
RealmsThe Kingdom of Durin's folk
InhabitantsDurin's Folk

The Iron Hills were a range of great hills in the north-east of Wilderland. The Hills were the source of the river Carnen and rich in iron.[1][2] It was also home to a Dwarf-realm of the Longbeards.[3]

The Iron Hills were rich in iron,[4] but probably not in gold; the Dwarves of the Iron Hills, although prosperous, were not as wealthy as their other cousins.[5]

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Early history

The Longbeard Dwarves of Khazad-dûm colonized the Iron Hills in the First Age.[note 1] The Hills were their primary source of iron-ore.[4] The Dwarf-road of Mirkwood ran north-east to the Hills for the dwarf-traders and merchants between Khazad-dûm and the Hills.[6]

Also in the First Age, some Men who migrated out of the east—"laggard kindred" of the Edain—chose to settle in the lands between the Iron Hills and Mirkwood.[7]

After Sauron destroyed Eregion in the Second Age, the Longbeards sealed Khazad-dûm and Orcs took control of the northern Misty Mountains and the Grey Mountains. This ended communication between the Iron Hills and Khazad-dûm for some time.[8]

[edit] Third Age

In T.A. 1981 the last of the Dwarves living in Khazad-dûm fled from the Balrog who had slain kings Durin VI and Náin I.[9] Some of those who escaped wandered as far as the Iron Hills and resettled there.[2]

In 2570 dragons began afflicting the dwarves in the north and in 2589 King Dáin I was slain by a cold-drake outside his halls in the Grey Mountains.[9] Due to these depredations, in 2590 Grór son of Dáin left the Grey Mountains and established a Lordship in the Iron Hills.[9]

Over the next few centuries Grór and his people built the hills from a just an ancient mining colony to a great realm, especially after the destruction of Erebor in 2770[9] when the Dragon Smaug scattered the Longbeards who dwelt there. Most of the survivors subsequently went to their kinsmen in the Iron Hills, swelling its numbers.

Before the death of Smaug in T.A. 2941,[9] the dwarven realm in the Iron Hills was the only force in the north-east of Wilderland capable of offering a large and strong enough resistance to the forces of evil.[10]

In 2799[9] the final battle of the War of the Dwarves and Orcs occurred in the Dimrill Dale. When reinforcements, led by Náin, arrived from the Iron Hills the battle turned in the favour of the dwarves. With the war over, Dáin led his people home where, after the death of Grór, he became the new Lord of the Iron Hills.[11]

In 2941 Lord Dáin Ironfoot led his warriors in the Battle of Five Armies near Erebor. The battle was won, but Thorin was slain and Dáin became the new King under the Mountain and King of the Longbeards as Dáin II.[9][11] He relocated to Erebor with many of his people, and re-established it as Durin's folk's greatest and strongest dwelling in the north. The Iron Hills pass out of history after this relocation, but probably were not wholly deserted.[5]

[edit] See also

[edit] Notes

  1. The existence of the Iron Hills in the First Age is confirmed by Tolkien's writings published in The Peoples of Middle-earth. Before these writings were published, other authors speculated that the Iron Hills might have been a part of the Iron Mountains in the First Age and came into independent existence after the War of Wrath. See Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth p. 78 and Charles Noad, "A Note on the Geography of the First Age" in Amon Hen 38, p. 12.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Third Age"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Gathering of the Clouds"
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Relations of the Longbeard Dwarves and Men", p. 302
  5. 5.0 5.1 Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, p. 212
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Notes", p. 323 (note 30)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages", p. 306
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Relations of the Longbeard Dwarves and Men", p. 306
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Quest of Erebor"
  11. 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"