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Kingdom of Dale

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This article is about the Kingdom of Dale. For the the city, see Dale.
John Howe - Icon Dale.jpg
Kingdom of Dale
Political information
GovernmentMonarchy (City state)
Head of StateKing of Dale
Societal information
CapitalDale
LanguageLanguage of Dale
LocationNorthern Wilderland, from the city of Dale south beyond Lake-town and east to the River Carnen
PopulaceNorthmen
Historical information
EstablishmentT.A. 2944

The Kingdom of Dale was a city state in northern Rhovanion formed in the late Third Age by King Bard and populated by Northmen.

Contents

Geography

When it was founded the Kingdom of Dale consisted of the city of Dale and the valley of the River Running before the gates of the Lonely Mountain.[1] By the time of the War of the Ring its boundaries extended far south and east of Lake-town,[2] all the way to the River Carnen.[3]

Background

The Township of Dale was formed soon after the year T.A. 2590 when Thrór brought his people back to Erebor.[4] Men living to the south came up the River Running, built Dale, and became prosperous providing food to the Kingdom Under the Mountain.[5] The town was governed by a Lord, the last of whom was named Girion.[6]

In 2770 Smaug attacked and occupied the Lonely Mountain.[4] The great dragon came forth at night to capture and eat people from the city; soon Dale was deserted and fell into ruin.[5]

History

In T.A. 2941 Bard the Bowman slew Smaug. After the Battle of Five Armies and the recovery of the riches of the former lord, Bard became quite wealthy. In 2944 he used his wealth to founded the Kingdom, and he was crowned as King Bard (later known as Bard I).[4]

The Kingdom benefited by the simultaneous refounding of the Kingdom under the Mountain. After King Bard died in 2977 his son King Bain reigned and in 3007 he was succeeded by King Brand.[4] As the end of the Third Age approached the growing realm extended far to the south and east of Esgaroth.[2]

In 3017 a messenger from Mordor came to both the Dwarves of Erebor and the Kingdom of Dale.[7] Despite words offering Sauron's friendship, the Dark Lord's forces began gathering beyond the Carnen. About the same time that Minas Tirith was attacked (on 15 March 3019) a host of Sauron's allies crossed the river and drove Brand back into Dale. On 17 March the Battle of Dale began. King Brand and King Dáin Ironfoot of the Mountain were both killed and the Men of Dale and the Dwarves were driven into the Mountain. The enemy could not take the gates and a siege began. However, when news of the fall of Sauron came the enemy forces lost heart, and on 27 March the new King of Dale, Bard II, and the new King Under the Mountain, Thorin III Stonehelm, burst forth and drove the enemy away.

King Bard II sent an ambassador to the crowning of King Elessar. The Kingdom of Dale remained independent but in friendship with Gondor and under the protection and crown of the King of the West.[8]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Last Stage"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "Many Meetings"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. 5.0 5.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "Fire and Water"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"