Tolkien Gateway

La

(Difference between revisions)
(New page: '''la''' or '''lá''' (whenever stressed)<ref>Vinyar Tengwar 42 p.33</ref> The word can get pronominal endings as if a verb ==Etymology== root LA VT45:25 ==Forms== *''lanye''...)
 
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'''la''' or '''lá''' (whenever stressed)<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 42]] p.33</ref>
 
'''la''' or '''lá''' (whenever stressed)<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 42]] p.33</ref>
  
The word can get pronominal endings as if a verb
+
The word can get pronominal endings as if a negative verb when a verb is not expressed, apparently where the phrase “is not” is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood , as in English “I do not”.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
[[root]] [[LA]] VT45:25
+
[[root]] [[LA]]<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 45]] p.25</ref>
 
==Forms==
 
==Forms==
*''lanye'' "I do not, am not" (''[[mel]]in [[sé]] [[apa]] '''lanye''' [[hé]]'' *“I love him but I do not him [that one]”) (VT49:15) .  
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*''lanye'' "I do not, am not" (''[[mel]]in [[sé]] [[apa]] '''lanye''' [[hé]]'' *“I love him but I do not him [that one]”)[[Vinyar Tengwar 49]] p.15</ref>
  
 
==Other versions==
 
==Other versions==
 
In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, ''lá'' had the opposite meaning "yes"<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 42]] pp.32-33</ref>
 
In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, ''lá'' had the opposite meaning "yes"<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 42]] pp.32-33</ref>
  
The negation can receive tense markers and be used as a negative verb “when [another] verb is not expressed” (VT49:13) , apparently where the phrase “is not” is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood , as in English “I do not”
+
Tolkien considered that the negation could receive tense markers however he later reconsidered it. The tenses where ''la'' was attested are:
 
*''la'' (aorist)
 
*''la'' (aorist)
 
*''laia'' (present)
 
*''laia'' (present)
 
*''láne'' (past)
 
*''láne'' (past)
 
*''alaie'' (perfect)
 
*''alaie'' (perfect)
*future lauva.
+
*''lauva'' (future)
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[category:Quenya words]]
 
[[category:Quenya words]]

Revision as of 16:59, 3 January 2010

la or (whenever stressed)[1]

The word can get pronominal endings as if a negative verb when a verb is not expressed, apparently where the phrase “is not” is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood , as in English “I do not”.

Contents

Etymology

root LA[2]

Forms

Other versions

In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, had the opposite meaning "yes"[3]

Tolkien considered that the negation could receive tense markers however he later reconsidered it. The tenses where la was attested are:

  • la (aorist)
  • laia (present)
  • láne (past)
  • alaie (perfect)
  • lauva (future)

References

  1. Vinyar Tengwar 42 p.33
  2. Vinyar Tengwar 45 p.25
  3. Vinyar Tengwar 42 pp.32-33