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la or (whenever stressed)[1]

The word can get pronominal endings as if a verb



root LA VT45:25


  • lanye "I do not, am not" (melin apa lanye *“I love him but I do not him [that one]”) (VT49:15) .

Other versions

In another conceptual phase of Tolkien's, had the opposite meaning "yes"[2]

The negation can receive tense markers and be used as a negative verb “when [another] verb is not expressed” (VT49:13) , apparently where the phrase “is not” is followed by a noun or an adjective as a predicate, or where some verb is understood , as in English “I do not”

  • la (aorist)
  • laia (present)
  • láne (past)
  • alaie (perfect)
  • future lauva.


  1. Vinyar Tengwar 42 p.33
  2. Vinyar Tengwar 42 pp.32-33