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The '''Language of Dale''' was the tongue spoken by the [[Men of Dale|Men of]] [[Dale]]. It was from this tongue that came the "outer" names of the [[Durin's Folk|Dwarves of Durin's Folk]], who used to keep their true, original [[Khuzdul]] names secret to other [[races]].<ref name=L144>{{L|144}}</ref><ref name=AppF2>{{App|F2}}</ref>
The '''Language of Dale''' was the tongue spoken by the [[Men of Dale|Men of]] [[Dale]] and as a [[Northern Mannish|Northern language]], it was related to [[Rohirric]] and more distantly, to [[Westron]].  
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The language, as well as the personal names of the Men of Dale closely resembled those of the Men in the [[Vale of Anduin]] and those of the [[Rohirrim]]; even those of some [[Hobbits]] who used high-sounding names and words from the Mannish language of the upper Anduin.<ref name=AppF2/><ref group=note>The relationship of the languages can be seen in the D. name [[Brand]] along with the H. name [[Ferdibrand Took|Ferdibrand]] and the R. name [[Erkenbrand]].</ref>
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The writing system used by the Men of Dale was an old and simple form of the [[Cirth]].<ref>{{App|E2}}</ref>
  
The language of Dale was adopted by the [[Dwarves]] from that region, such as the [[Dwarves of Erebor]]. In fact they used this tongue to introduce themselves to outsiders, forming their "outer" names, as it was a taboo to use their true, original [[Khuzdul]] names to other [[races]].<ref name=L144>{{L|144}}</ref><ref name=AppF2>{{App|F2}}</ref>
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It is also told that it was a tradition in some Hobbit families (in particular those with ties to the [[Fallohides|Fallohide]] clan) to give first-names resembling the names of the Men of Dale (and other places near the ancient dwelling-places of the Hobbits, like [[Riddermark|the Mark]] and the [[Vales of Anduin]]).<ref name=AppF2/>
 
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The writing system used by the Men of Dale was an old and simple form of the [[Cirth]].<ref>{{App|E2}}</ref>
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==Translation==
 
==Translation==
 
In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s stories, the language of Dale was rendered with [[North Germanic languages|Old Norse]], a language related to [[Old English]] and modern English as the tongue of Dale was related to [[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]].<ref name=AppF2/><ref name=L144/>
 
In [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s stories, the language of Dale was rendered with [[North Germanic languages|Old Norse]], a language related to [[Old English]] and modern English as the tongue of Dale was related to [[Rohirric]] and [[Westron]].<ref name=AppF2/><ref name=L144/>
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A suggested name for the language of Dale is '''Dalian'''.<ref>[[Andreas Möhn|Andreas Moehn]], "[http://lalaith.vpsurf.de/Tolkien/Fr_Atani.html Etymologies of the Atani Languages]" (accessed 26 March 2011)</ref> Another "invented" name commonly used by [[Fandom|fans]] is '''Dalish'''.<ref>"[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/33106 Breelendish, a Welsh-style Conlang]" (message 33106; 12 March, 2006) at [[Elfling]] mailing list (accessed 27 March 2011)</ref><ref>"[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/1075 Scandinavians in Middle-earth?]" (message 1075; 15 July 1999) at [[Elfling]] mailing list (accessed 27 March 2011)</ref>
 
A suggested name for the language of Dale is '''Dalian'''.<ref>[[Andreas Möhn|Andreas Moehn]], "[http://lalaith.vpsurf.de/Tolkien/Fr_Atani.html Etymologies of the Atani Languages]" (accessed 26 March 2011)</ref> Another "invented" name commonly used by [[Fandom|fans]] is '''Dalish'''.<ref>"[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/33106 Breelendish, a Welsh-style Conlang]" (message 33106; 12 March, 2006) at [[Elfling]] mailing list (accessed 27 March 2011)</ref><ref>"[http://groups.yahoo.com/group/elfling/message/1075 Scandinavians in Middle-earth?]" (message 1075; 15 July 1999) at [[Elfling]] mailing list (accessed 27 March 2011)</ref>
  
{{references|note}}
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{{references}}
{{languages}}
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[[Category:Mannish]]
 
[[Category:Mannish]]

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