Tolkien Gateway

Lenition

(Difference between revisions)
(Created page with "'''Lenition''' is a phonological and grammatical aspect of Sindarin which reflects the phonological mutations of the language in its evolution from Old Sindarin. ==Extern…")
 
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{stub}}
 
'''Lenition''' is a phonological and grammatical aspect of [[Sindarin]] which reflects the phonological mutations of the language in its evolution from [[Old Sindarin]].
 
'''Lenition''' is a phonological and grammatical aspect of [[Sindarin]] which reflects the phonological mutations of the language in its evolution from [[Old Sindarin]].
 +
==Historical background==
 +
Lenition refers to the mutation of the consonants occurring between two vowels (VCV). It affected the Old Sindarin sounds '''p, t, k, b, d, g, m''' and '''s'''.
 +
 +
The sounds '''w, kh''' were lenited only at the beginning of a word.
 +
 +
More specifically, the evolution of these sounds can be visualized in these examples:
 +
*p > b: OS *''ca'''p'''ro'' > S ''[[cabor]]'' "frog"
 +
*t > d: OS *''a'''t'''ar'' > S ''[[adar]]'' "father"
 +
*k > g: OS *''a'''k'''ar-'' > S ''[[agar]]'' "blood"
 +
 +
*b > v: OS *''A'''b'''ar'' > S ''[[Avar]]'' "refuser; Avar"
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/mutations.html Mutations in Sindarin] by [[Thorsten Renk]]; it also covers Lenition.
 
*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/mutations.html Mutations in Sindarin] by [[Thorsten Renk]]; it also covers Lenition.
 
*[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mutations Soft mutation] from the [[Ardalambion]] article on Sindarin by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
 
*[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/sindarin.htm#mutations Soft mutation] from the [[Ardalambion]] article on Sindarin by [[Helge Fauskanger]]
 +
[[Category:Linguistic terms]]
 +
[[Category:Sindarin]]

Revision as of 16:23, 25 May 2011

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
This article or section is a stub. Please help Tolkien Gateway by expanding it.

Lenition is a phonological and grammatical aspect of Sindarin which reflects the phonological mutations of the language in its evolution from Old Sindarin.

Historical background

Lenition refers to the mutation of the consonants occurring between two vowels (VCV). It affected the Old Sindarin sounds p, t, k, b, d, g, m and s.

The sounds w, kh were lenited only at the beginning of a word.

More specifically, the evolution of these sounds can be visualized in these examples:

  • p > b: OS *capro > S cabor "frog"
  • t > d: OS *atar > S adar "father"
  • k > g: OS *akar- > S agar "blood"
  • b > v: OS *Abar > S Avar "refuser; Avar"

External links