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Lhûn

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The river '''Lhûn''', or Westronized '''Lune''', was a river of north-western [[Eriador]].
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{{location
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| image=
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| name=Lhûn
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| type=River
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| location=western [[Eriador]]
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| inhabitants=
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| realms=[[Arnor]], [[Mithlond]]
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| description=
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| othernames=Lune
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| etymology=
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| events=
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| references=
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|}}
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The river '''Lhûn''' or Westronized '''Lune''' was a river of north-western [[Eriador]]. It gave its name to the [[Gulf of Lune]] and the [[Ered Luin|Mountains of Lune]].
  
In the [[Second Age|Second]] and [[Third Age]], it emptied into the [[Gulf of Lune]] that broke through the [[Ered Luin]] and thence into [[Belegaer]].
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==History==
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Of old, the Lhûn had been a line of defense: first against Sauron, and later against the [[Witch-king]].
  
It had two tributaries: one was the [[Little Lune]] arising from the Ered Luin, and an unnamed other one beginning in the [[Hills of Evendim]] north of the later capital of [[Arnor]], [[Annúminas]]. It was not connected to [[Lake Nenuial]], the origin of the [[Baranduin]].
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Following the forging of the [[One Ring]] and the [[Sack of Eregion]], [[Sauron]] ruled most of Eriador. [[Gil-galad]] and [[Elendil]] were desperately protecting the [[Grey Havens]], and managed to hold the Lhûn.<ref>{{HM|UT}}, "[[The History of Galadriel and Celeborn]]", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"</ref>
  
In the [[First Age]], the course of the river is not known. The Gulf of Lune was not created until the [[War of Wrath]] so the river must have had a different lower course. Possibly it connected with the Baranduin further South.
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In the [[Third Age]], the Lhûn formed the border between [[Mithlond]] and [[Arnor]].<ref>{{HM|AA}}, "Eriador, Arnor and the Heirs of Isildur"</ref> During the [[Angmar War|War with Angmar]], it formed the end of the [[Witch-king]]'s influence: many of the Dúnedain fled across it. When [[Eärnil II]] came, passage was won back over it. With their defeat imminent, many of the Witch-king's minions drowned in the river Lhûn.<ref>{{HM|AA}}, "Gondor and the Heirs of Anarion"</ref>
  
==Etymology==
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==Course==
The meaning of Lhûn is not known. In an article "The Problem of Lhûn", published in [[Vinyar Tengwar 48]], [[Patrick H. Wynne]] lists all the scraps Tolkien ever wrote about the name, and finds that the only thing he can say for certain is that it is not related to ''[[luin]]'', "blue", despite being originally perceived as so. ''Lhûn'', and especially the initial ''/lh/'', may have been valid in [[Noldorin]], it was not so in [[Sindarin]], so Tolkien had to rewrite the etymology. He constructed the following:
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The river Lhûn found its origin in the [[First Age]] or before, but following the [[War of Wrath]], its course was severely altered. Its original course is no longer recorded in history, but after the breaking of the Blue Mountains, it flowed in the [[Gulf of Lhûn]].<ref>{{HM|S}}, "[[Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age]]"</ref> The river had its origin in the north of the Blue Mountains, and had two tributaries: the [[Little Lune]] and an unnamed river that had its origin in the [[Emyn Uial]].
# [[Common Eldarin|CE]] Slōna, "floody"
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# CE Slōnā, "in flood, full of water" (during melting season)
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# CE Slounā, "flow freely"
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# CE Slōno, "deep of water, applied originally to the Gulf!"
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# A renaming to ''Sîr Luin''
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# CE Slōn, "sound"
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# A [[Khuzdul]] origin, ''salôn'' or ''sulûn'', "fall, descend swiftly"
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It is unknown what Tolkien's final intent was.
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==Etymology==
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The meaning of Lhûn is not known. Originally, Tolkien envisioned it as [[Noldorin]] for "blue". ''Lhûn'', and especially the initial ''/lh/'', may have been valid in Noldorin, it was not so in [[Sindarin]], so Tolkien had to rewrite the etymology. He considered the following the following:
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* [[Common Eldarin|CE]] Slōna, "floody"
 +
* CE Slōnā, "in flood, full of water" (during melting season)
 +
* CE Slounā, "flow freely"
 +
* CE Slōno, "deep of water, applied originally to the Gulf!"
 +
* A renaming to ''Sîr Luin'', "Blue River"
 +
* CE Slōn, "sound"
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* A [[Khuzdul]] origin, ''salôn'' or ''sulûn'', "fall, descend swiftly"<ref>[[Patrick H. Wynne]], "The Problem of Lhûn", published in [[Vinyar Tengwar 48]] (December [[2005]])</ref>
  
==References==
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{{references}}
* ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]''
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* ''[[Vinyar Tengwar 48]]'', pages 26-34.
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[[Category:Rivers]]
 
[[Category:Rivers]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Eriador]]

Revision as of 11:45, 25 April 2009

Lhûn
Physical Description
TypeRiver
Locationwestern Eriador
RealmsArnor, Mithlond
General Information
Other namesLune

The river Lhûn or Westronized Lune was a river of north-western Eriador. It gave its name to the Gulf of Lune and the Mountains of Lune.

Contents

History

Of old, the Lhûn had been a line of defense: first against Sauron, and later against the Witch-king.

Following the forging of the One Ring and the Sack of Eregion, Sauron ruled most of Eriador. Gil-galad and Elendil were desperately protecting the Grey Havens, and managed to hold the Lhûn.[1]

In the Third Age, the Lhûn formed the border between Mithlond and Arnor.[2] During the War with Angmar, it formed the end of the Witch-king's influence: many of the Dúnedain fled across it. When Eärnil II came, passage was won back over it. With their defeat imminent, many of the Witch-king's minions drowned in the river Lhûn.[3]

Course

The river Lhûn found its origin in the First Age or before, but following the War of Wrath, its course was severely altered. Its original course is no longer recorded in history, but after the breaking of the Blue Mountains, it flowed in the Gulf of Lhûn.[4] The river had its origin in the north of the Blue Mountains, and had two tributaries: the Little Lune and an unnamed river that had its origin in the Emyn Uial.

Etymology

The meaning of Lhûn is not known. Originally, Tolkien envisioned it as Noldorin for "blue". Lhûn, and especially the initial /lh/, may have been valid in Noldorin, it was not so in Sindarin, so Tolkien had to rewrite the etymology. He considered the following the following:

  • CE Slōna, "floody"
  • CE Slōnā, "in flood, full of water" (during melting season)
  • CE Slounā, "flow freely"
  • CE Slōno, "deep of water, applied originally to the Gulf!"
  • A renaming to Sîr Luin, "Blue River"
  • CE Slōn, "sound"
  • A Khuzdul origin, salôn or sulûn, "fall, descend swiftly"[5]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Concerning Galadriel and Celeborn"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Eriador, Arnor and the Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Gondor and the Heirs of Anarion"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  5. Patrick H. Wynne, "The Problem of Lhûn", published in Vinyar Tengwar 48 (December 2005)