Tolkien Gateway

Lindon

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{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image =
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| image =[[File:Matěj Čadil - Lindon.jpg|250px]]
 
| name = Lindon
 
| name = Lindon
| meaning = Land of the Singers
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| meaning =  
| type = Monarchy
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| type = Monarchy, later lordship
 
| hidep=yes
 
| hidep=yes
| headofstate = [[Gil-galad]]
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| headofstate = [[Gil-galad]], [[Círdan]]
 
| executive =  
 
| executive =  
 
| legislative =  
 
| legislative =  
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| capital =
 
| capital =
 
| language = [[Sindarin]]
 
| language = [[Sindarin]]
| location = West of the [[Ered Luin]]
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| location = Western [[Eriador]]
 
| populace= Mostly [[High Elves]]
 
| populace= Mostly [[High Elves]]
 
| currency =
 
| currency =
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| anthem =  
 
| anthem =  
 
| formed = The lingering of some of the [[Noldor]] and [[Sindar]] in [[Middle-earth]]
 
| formed = The lingering of some of the [[Noldor]] and [[Sindar]] in [[Middle-earth]]
| established = [[Second Age 1|S.A. 1]]
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| established = {{SA|1}}
 
| reorganized =
 
| reorganized =
 
| fragmented =  
 
| fragmented =  
| dissolved =
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| dissolved =Probably the [[Fourth Age]]
 
| restored =  
 
| restored =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''Lindon''' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈlindon]}}) or '''Lindónë''' (pron. {{IPA|[linˈdoːne]}}) is the land beyond the [[Ered Luin]] (Blue Mountains) in the northwest of [[Middle-earth]].  It is the westernmost land of the continent.  The [[Gulf of Lune]] divides it into '''Forlindon''' (North Lindon) and '''Harlindon''' (South Lindon).
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'''Lindon''' was a region of the [[Westlands]]. Initially populated by [[Laiquendi]], in the following Ages it became an important Elvish realm, known for its harbors and Elven [[Ships]] that would sail for the [[West]].
  
Lindon as a name survived from the [[First Age]], when it was a name given to [[Ossiriand]] after this land was settled by the [[Laiquendi]] or Green Elves. Lindon meant "Land of the singers", after the old name [[Lindar]] (singers) for the [[Teleri]].
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==Geography==
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Lindon was a name of [[Ossiriand]], a region west of the [[Blue Mountains]], in Eastern [[Beleriand]]. After the deluge of Beleriand in the [[War of Wrath]], Lindon became the westernmost land of the continent of [[Middle-earth]]. The [[Gulf of Lune]] broke into Lindon and the Blue Mountains and divided the realm into ''[[Forlindon]]'' (North Lindon) and ''[[Harlindon]]'' (South Lindon).
  
Lindon is the last mainland remnant of [[Beleriand]] left after the [[War of Wrath]] at the end of the First Age, the rest of the land having been broken or submerged by the tumults. While not exactly clear, there are indications that before the [[Akallabêth|Downfall of Númenor]] Lindon was larger than it was during the [[Third Age]].
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==History==
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===The First Age===
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{{main|Ossiriand}}
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The name Lindon was first used by the exiled Noldor for the region of [[Ossiriand]].<ref>{{S|14}}</ref>
  
Many of the [[Elves]] of Beleriand relocated to Lindon at the beginning of the [[Second Age]], where they were ruled by [[Gil-galad]]. The [[Noldor]] mainly dwelt in Forlindon, and the Sindar (and surviving Laiquendi) in Harlindon. Together, they built [[Mithlond]] (the Grey Havens) on the Gulf, and many Elves left from there to [[Valinor]]. Lindon was one of the two Noldorin Kingdoms during the Second Age (the other being [[Eregion]] or Hollin), until Gil-galad was killed by [[Sauron]] during the [[War of the Last Alliance]]. After that, most of the Ñoldor finally departed for Valinor, and Lindon became depopulated, now ruled by Gil-galad's lieutenant, the [[Sindar]]in elf [[Círdan]] the Shipwright, who kept building ships for the departing Elves.
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Lindon was the only part of Beleriand that survived the [[War of Wrath]], the rest of the land having been broken or submerged by the tumults.<ref name=PMII78>{{PM|II}}, p. 78</ref> However, [[Belegaer]] the Great Sea broke through the mountain chain, creating the [[Gulf of Lhûn]].
  
In the literature, Lindon itself appears mostly as a place where reluctant Elves tarried before departing forever from Middle-earth.
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===The Second Age: Kingdom of Gil-galad===
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[[File:Liz Danforth - Elves of Lindon.jpg|thumb|right|200px|''Elves of Lindon'' by [[Liz Danforth]]]]
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[[Gil-galad]] founded the '''''Kingdom of Lindon''''' and the Havens ([[Mithlond]], and also likely [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] and [[Forlond]]) in {{SA|1}}.<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> Many of the surviving [[Elves]] of drowned Beleriand, especially the exiled Noldor, relocated to Lindon at the beginning of the [[Second Age]], where they were ruled by [[Gil-galad]].<ref name=PMII78/>
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The [[Noldor]] mainly dwelt in Forlindon, and the Sindar (and surviving Green-elves{{fact}}) in Harlindon (a fief under the rule of [[Celeborn]]).<ref>{{PM|X}}, p. 328 (Note 65)</ref><ref>{{UT|6}}, (Introduction & Note 2)</ref> Together, they built [[Mithlond]] (the Grey Havens) on the Gulf, and many Elves left from there to [[Valinor]]. Lindon was one of the two Noldorin Kingdoms during the Second Age (the other being [[Eregion]]), until Gil-galad was killed by [[Sauron]] during the [[War of the Last Alliance]].
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In the tumult following the [[Akallabêth|Downfall of Númenor]], Lindon suffered great loss as "''the sea rode in upon the land''", and therefore had shrunk when the Third Age began.<ref>{{PM|VI}}, p. 183</ref>
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===The Third Age: Rule of Círdan===
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After the War of the Last Alliance, most of the Ñoldor finally departed for [[Valinor]], and Lindon became depopulated, now ruled by Gil-galad's lieutenant, the [[Sindar]]in elf [[Círdan]] the Shipwright,{{fact}} who kept building ships for the departing Elves.
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==Names and Etymology==
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In a post-[[Lord of the Rings|LotR]] writing, [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] says that the name ''Lindon'' was coined by the Green-elves, derived from [[Nandorin]](?) *''Lindānā''. The Sindar called the country ''Dor Lindon'' and the Noldor ''Lindóne'' (or ''Lindónë''<ref>{{HM|IX}}</ref>) but both also adopted the name ''Lindon''.<ref name=WJC>{{WJ|C}}, p. 385</ref>
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The name Lindon contains the element ''lin-'' "sing, song" as also seen in [[Lindar]].<ref>{{S|Appendix}}</ref> ''Lindon'' ([[Quenya|Q]], pron. {{IPA|[ˈlindon]}}) means "land of music",<ref>{{S|14}}</ref>
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The translation "Land of the singers", conceived to be a name in the [[Nandorin|Ossiriandic]] tongue, has been suggested by [[David Salo]], [[Arden R. Smith|Arden Smith]], [[Patrick H. Wynne|Patrick Wynne]], et al. in their linguistic contribution to ''[[Arnor: The Land]]''
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==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
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In early versions of the ''[[The Lord of the Rings Appendices]]'', Gil-galad is said to have founded Lindon in {{SA|10}}.<ref>{{PM|VI}}, pp. 168, 173</ref>
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==Portrayals in Adaptations==
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''[[Middle-earth Role Playing]]'':'''
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:A [[Lindon (MERP)|supplement on Lindon]] was never released by [[Iron Crown Enterprises|ICE]], although there were such plans,<ref>{{ICE|8014}}, p. 15</ref> and Jeff J. Erwin and Oliver Schick were commissioned to write supplements on Lindon and Mithlond, respectively (both supplements were nearly finished at the time ICE lost their license from [[Middle-earth Enterprises|Tolkien Enterprises]]).<ref>Oliver Schick, Mailing list message of 9 Oct 2007, at [http://games.groups.yahoo.com/group/fan-modules/?v=1&t=directory&ch=web&pub=groups&sec=dir&slk=3 Yahoo groups Fan modules]</ref> However, scattered information on Lindon and its prominent individuals can be found in several supplements.<ref>{{ICE|8014}}, pp. 3-4, 10-11, 14-15</ref><ref>{{ICE|4002}}, pp. 16, 44-46</ref><ref>{{ICE|2022}}, pp. 61, 148</ref><ref>{{ICE|2023}}, pp. 68-69</ref>
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==See also==
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*[[Elves of Lindon]]
  
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
[[Category:Eriador]]
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{{Remnants}}
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[[Category:Lindon| Lindon]]
 
[[Category:Regions]]
 
[[Category:Regions]]
[[Category:Elven Realms]]
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[[Category:Eriador]]
 
[[Category:Quenya locations]]
 
[[Category:Quenya locations]]
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[[Category:Elven realms]]
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[[de:Lindon]]
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[[fa:لیندون]]
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[[fi:Lindon]]
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[[fr:encyclo/geographie/regions/lindon]]

Revision as of 11:28, 10 July 2012

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Matěj Čadil - Lindon.jpg
Lindon
GovernmentMonarchy, later lordship
Head of StateGil-galad, Círdan
Societal information
LanguageSindarin
LocationWestern Eriador
PopulaceMostly High Elves
Historical information
Formed fromThe lingering of some of the Noldor and Sindar in Middle-earth
EstablishmentS.A. 1
DissolutionProbably the Fourth Age

Lindon was a region of the Westlands. Initially populated by Laiquendi, in the following Ages it became an important Elvish realm, known for its harbors and Elven Ships that would sail for the West.

Contents

Geography

Lindon was a name of Ossiriand, a region west of the Blue Mountains, in Eastern Beleriand. After the deluge of Beleriand in the War of Wrath, Lindon became the westernmost land of the continent of Middle-earth. The Gulf of Lune broke into Lindon and the Blue Mountains and divided the realm into Forlindon (North Lindon) and Harlindon (South Lindon).

History

The First Age

Main article: Ossiriand

The name Lindon was first used by the exiled Noldor for the region of Ossiriand.[1]

Lindon was the only part of Beleriand that survived the War of Wrath, the rest of the land having been broken or submerged by the tumults.[2] However, Belegaer the Great Sea broke through the mountain chain, creating the Gulf of Lhûn.

The Second Age: Kingdom of Gil-galad

Elves of Lindon by Liz Danforth

Gil-galad founded the Kingdom of Lindon and the Havens (Mithlond, and also likely Harlond and Forlond) in S.A. 1.[3] Many of the surviving Elves of drowned Beleriand, especially the exiled Noldor, relocated to Lindon at the beginning of the Second Age, where they were ruled by Gil-galad.[2]

The Noldor mainly dwelt in Forlindon, and the Sindar (and surviving Green-elves[source?]) in Harlindon (a fief under the rule of Celeborn).[4][5] Together, they built Mithlond (the Grey Havens) on the Gulf, and many Elves left from there to Valinor. Lindon was one of the two Noldorin Kingdoms during the Second Age (the other being Eregion), until Gil-galad was killed by Sauron during the War of the Last Alliance.

In the tumult following the Downfall of Númenor, Lindon suffered great loss as "the sea rode in upon the land", and therefore had shrunk when the Third Age began.[6]

The Third Age: Rule of Círdan

After the War of the Last Alliance, most of the Ñoldor finally departed for Valinor, and Lindon became depopulated, now ruled by Gil-galad's lieutenant, the Sindarin elf Círdan the Shipwright,[source?] who kept building ships for the departing Elves.

Names and Etymology

In a post-LotR writing, J.R.R. Tolkien says that the name Lindon was coined by the Green-elves, derived from Nandorin(?) *Lindānā. The Sindar called the country Dor Lindon and the Noldor Lindóne (or Lindónë[7]) but both also adopted the name Lindon.[8]

The name Lindon contains the element lin- "sing, song" as also seen in Lindar.[9] Lindon (Q, pron. [ˈlindon]) means "land of music",[10]

The translation "Land of the singers", conceived to be a name in the Ossiriandic tongue, has been suggested by David Salo, Arden Smith, Patrick Wynne, et al. in their linguistic contribution to Arnor: The Land

Other Versions of the Legendarium

In early versions of the The Lord of the Rings Appendices, Gil-galad is said to have founded Lindon in S.A. 10.[11]

Portrayals in Adaptations

Middle-earth Role Playing:

A supplement on Lindon was never released by ICE, although there were such plans,[12] and Jeff J. Erwin and Oliver Schick were commissioned to write supplements on Lindon and Mithlond, respectively (both supplements were nearly finished at the time ICE lost their license from Tolkien Enterprises).[13] However, scattered information on Lindon and its prominent individuals can be found in several supplements.[14][15][16][17]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", p. 78
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 328 (Note 65)
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", (Introduction & Note 2)
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age", p. 183
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The History of Middle-earth Index
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: C. The Clan-names, with notes on other names for divisions of the Eldar", p. 385
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age", pp. 168, 173
  12. John Crowdis (1990), Rogues of the Borderlands (#8014), p. 15
  13. Oliver Schick, Mailing list message of 9 Oct 2007, at Yahoo groups Fan modules
  14. John Crowdis (1990), Rogues of the Borderlands (#8014), pp. 3-4, 10-11, 14-15
  15. Mark Rabuck (1992), Northwestern Middle-earth Gazetteer (#4002), pp. 16, 44-46
  16. Wesley J. Frank, et al. (1996), Arnor: The People (#2022), pp. 61, 148
  17. Wesley J. Frank, et al. (1997), Arnor: The Land (#2023), pp. 68-69
Remnants of Drowned Beleriand
 Isles:  Himring · Tol Fuin · Tol Morwen
Mainland:  Lindon · Iron Mountains