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Lindon

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[[Gil-galad]] founded the '''''Kingdom of Lindon''''' in {{SA|1}} ruling over the Noldor and Sindar and all the [[Elves of Lindon]] alike. They also built the Havens ([[Mithlond]], and also likely [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] and [[Forlond]])<ref name=app>{{App|SA}}</ref> and many Elves left from there to [[Valinor]].  
 
[[Gil-galad]] founded the '''''Kingdom of Lindon''''' in {{SA|1}} ruling over the Noldor and Sindar and all the [[Elves of Lindon]] alike. They also built the Havens ([[Mithlond]], and also likely [[Harlond (Lindon)|Harlond]] and [[Forlond]])<ref name=app>{{App|SA}}</ref> and many Elves left from there to [[Valinor]].  
  
The original Elves of Lindon ([[Ossiriand]]) in the [[First Age]], were [[Laiquendi]],<ref>{{S|Rings}}</ref> but were joined by other Elves of the former [[Beleriand]]: [[Noldor|Noldorin]] exiles (especially from [[Gondolin]], but also from the [[House of Fingolfin|Houses of Fingolfin]] and [[House of Fëanor|Fëanor]]), and [[Iathrim|Sindar from Doriath]] and from the [[Elves of the Falas|Falas]].<ref name=princes>{{UT|6b}}</ref><ref>{{UT|Amroth}}</ref> The Elves of [[Harlindon]] were mostly Sindar, ruled by [[Celeborn]].<ref name=SA>{{App|SA}}</ref><ref>{{UT|Galadriel}}, Note 2</ref>  
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The Elves of [[Ossiriand]] in the [[First Age]] were the [[Laiquendi]],<ref>{{S|Rings}}</ref> but following the end of the First Age, they were joined by other Elves of the former [[Beleriand]]: [[Noldor|Noldorin]] exiles (especially from [[Gondolin]], but also from the [[House of Fingolfin|Houses of Fingolfin]] and [[House of Fëanor|Fëanor]]), and [[Iathrim|Sindar from Doriath]] and from the [[Elves of the Falas|Falas]].<ref name=princes>{{UT|6b}}</ref><ref>{{UT|Amroth}}</ref> The Elves of [[Harlindon]] were mostly Sindar, ruled by [[Celeborn]].<ref name=SA>{{App|SA}}</ref><ref>{{UT|Galadriel}}, Note 2</ref>  
  
 
Early in the Second Age, some of the Sindar, who were from [[Doriath]], were uneasy living among the Noldor under Gil-galad and left for the east to establish kingdoms among the [[Silvan Elves]], and in certain accounts, also the [[Edhellond|south]].<ref name=princes/> Some Noldor also left to found [[Eregion]] in {{SA|750}}, the second of the two Noldorin realms.<ref name=SA/>  
 
Early in the Second Age, some of the Sindar, who were from [[Doriath]], were uneasy living among the Noldor under Gil-galad and left for the east to establish kingdoms among the [[Silvan Elves]], and in certain accounts, also the [[Edhellond|south]].<ref name=princes/> Some Noldor also left to found [[Eregion]] in {{SA|750}}, the second of the two Noldorin realms.<ref name=SA/>  
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Aside from Elves, [[Gandalf]], [[Bilbo Baggins]] and [[Frodo Baggins]] also went to Valinor from the Grey Havens, and a family tradition held that [[Samwise Gamgee]], having been himself a [[Ring-bearer]], albeit briefly, did likewise, in the year {{FoA|61}}.  
 
Aside from Elves, [[Gandalf]], [[Bilbo Baggins]] and [[Frodo Baggins]] also went to Valinor from the Grey Havens, and a family tradition held that [[Samwise Gamgee]], having been himself a [[Ring-bearer]], albeit briefly, did likewise, in the year {{FoA|61}}.  
  
In the [[Fourth Age]], few Elves remained, if any at all.<ref name=eriador/>
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In the [[Fourth Age]], few Elves remained, if any at all.<ref name=eriador/> The [[Last Ship]], carrying [[Cirdan]] and [[Celeborn]],<ref>{{FR|Prologue}}</ref> apparently sailed in the early [[Fourth Age]].
 
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The [[Last Ship]], carrying [[Cirdan]] and [[Celeborn]],<ref>{{FR|Prologue}}</ref> apparently sailed before {{FoA|120}} based on [[Aragorn]]'s final words to [[Arwen]]. Aragorn suggests Arwen might still sail into the West, and one of the reasons she gives that this is impossible is that "There is now no ship that would bear me hence...".<ref name=AppTale>{{App|Tale}}</ref> This implies that the Last Ship had already sailed by {{FoA|120}}, the year in which this conversation took place.<ref name=AppTale/>
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==Names and Etymology==
 
==Names and Etymology==

Revision as of 10:30, 9 June 2019

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
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Matěj Čadil - Lindon.jpg
Lindon
General information
Other namesOssiriand; the remnant was known as Lindon after the First Age
LocationWest of the Blue Mountains
Major townsMithlond, Forlond, Harlond
RegionsForlindon, Harlindon
People
PopulationElves of Lindon
Few Dwarves
LanguageNandorin, Quenya, Sindarin, Westron, Khuzdul
GovernanceGil-galad
Later Círdan
History
Preceded byOssiriand
EstablishedS.A. 1[1]
"...the last whose realm was fair and free
between the Mountains and the Sea.
"
The Fall of Gil-galad

Lindon was a region of the Westlands. Initially populated by Laiquendi, in the following Ages, it became an important Elvish realm, known for its harbors and Elven Ships that would sail for the West.

Contents

Geography

Lindon was a name of Ossiriand, a region west of the Blue Mountains, in Eastern Beleriand. After the deluge of Beleriand in the War of Wrath, Lindon became the westernmost land of the continent of Middle-earth. The Gulf of Lune broke into Lindon and the Blue Mountains and divided the realm into Forlindon (North Lindon) and Harlindon (South Lindon). The eastern border of Lindon was the Lune, beyond which was Arnor.[2]

Although Gil-galad's kingdom did not have clear bounds south of the Lune, the Elves of Lindon maintained an outpost at the Tower Hills.[3]

After the War of the Elves and Sauron and the establishment of Imladris, the realm of Lindon was diminished and did not extend beyond the Blue Mountains any more.[4]

In the tumult following the Downfall of Númenor, Lindon suffered great loss as "the sea rode in upon the land", and therefore had shrunk when the Third Age began.[5]

History

The First Age

Main article: Ossiriand

The name Lindon was first used by the exiled Noldor for the region of Ossiriand.[6]

Lindon was the only part of Beleriand that survived the War of Wrath, the rest of the land having been broken or submerged by the tumults.[7] However, Belegaer the Great Sea broke through the mountain chain, creating the Gulf of Lhûn.

Many of the surviving Elves of drowned Beleriand, especially the exiled Noldor, relocated to Lindon by the beginning of the Second Age, where they were ruled by Gil-galad.[7]

The Second Age: Kingdom of Gil-galad

Liz Danforth - Elves of Lindon

Gil-galad founded the Kingdom of Lindon in S.A. 1 ruling over the Noldor and Sindar and all the Elves of Lindon alike. They also built the Havens (Mithlond, and also likely Harlond and Forlond)[8] and many Elves left from there to Valinor.

The Elves of Ossiriand in the First Age were the Laiquendi,[9] but following the end of the First Age, they were joined by other Elves of the former Beleriand: Noldorin exiles (especially from Gondolin, but also from the Houses of Fingolfin and Fëanor), and Sindar from Doriath and from the Falas.[10][11] The Elves of Harlindon were mostly Sindar, ruled by Celeborn.[1][12]

Early in the Second Age, some of the Sindar, who were from Doriath, were uneasy living among the Noldor under Gil-galad and left for the east to establish kingdoms among the Silvan Elves, and in certain accounts, also the south.[10] Some Noldor also left to found Eregion in S.A. 750, the second of the two Noldorin realms.[1]

In S.A. 600, Entulessë, a ship from Númenor arrived in Mithlond where Gil-galad welcomed the Númenóreans, before reestablishing contact with their Mannish kin, the Middle Men.[13][14]

During the War of the Elves and Sauron, Sauron had overrun Eriador. The Elves called that time Days of Flight as many fled to Lindon where Sauron could not enter, and thence over the Sea to the Uttermost West.[15] Eventually Tar-Minastir sent ships to Lindon, responding to Gil-galad's plea. The combined army of Elves and Númenóreans drove Sauron's forces out of Eriador.[8] The War and the establishment of Imladris diminished the realm of Lindon and didn't extend beyond the Blue Mountains any more.[16]

In the tumult following the Downfall of Númenor, Lindon suffered great loss as "the sea rode in upon the land", and therefore had shrunk when the Third Age began.[17]

The Third Age: Lordship of Círdan

After the War of the Last Alliance and the death of Gil-galad, Cirdan remained the only Lord of the Havens. During the Third Age, the Elves of Lindon under Cirdan supported Arnor in the Angmar War. They assisted Arveleg and the men of Cardolan drive off the Hill-men from the Weather Hills. Later, with Círdan’s help, Arveleg's young son, Araphor, drove Angmar's armies from Fornost and the North Downs. Combining forces with Rivendell, and the Galadhrim who joined them from beyond the Misty Mountains, they subdued Angmar for some time.[2]

Angelo Montanini - Northern Waste

In T.A. 1975, Elven sailors from Lindon brought a ship to Forochel to rescue the lost king Arvedui. The crew endured a perilous journey, but Arvedui rashly attempted to return that winter, and all aboard perished. The next year the elves joined with the Dúnedain in the victorious Battle of Fornost.[2][18]

During the days of Kings, most of the High Elves that still lingered in Middle-earth were found in Lindon.[2] Some Dwarves had dwelt in the eastern side of the Ered Luin, such as at Thorin's Halls, especially the part south of the Gulf.[19] Men did not go to Lindon.[2]

Aside from Elves, Gandalf, Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins also went to Valinor from the Grey Havens, and a family tradition held that Samwise Gamgee, having been himself a Ring-bearer, albeit briefly, did likewise, in the year Fo.A. 61.

In the Fourth Age, few Elves remained, if any at all.[2] The Last Ship, carrying Cirdan and Celeborn,[20] apparently sailed in the early Fourth Age.

Names and Etymology

In a post-LotR writing, J.R.R. Tolkien says that the name Lindon was coined by the Green-elves, derived from Nandorin(?) *Lindānā. The Sindar called the country Dor Lindon and the Noldor Lindóne (or Lindónë[21]) but both also adopted the name Lindon.[22]

The name Lindon contains the element lin- "sing, song" as also seen in Lindar.[23] Lindon (Q, pron. [ˈlindon]) means "land of music",[24]

The translation "Land of the singers", conceived to be a name in the Ossiriandic tongue, has been suggested by David Salo, Arden Smith, Patrick Wynne, et al. in their linguistic contribution to Arnor: The Land

Other Versions of the Legendarium

In early versions of the The Lord of the Rings Appendices, Gil-galad is said to have founded Lindon in S.A. 10.[25]

Portrayals in Adaptations

Middle-earth Role Playing:

A supplement on Lindon was never released by ICE, although there were such plans,[26] and Jeff J. Erwin and Oliver Schick were commissioned to write supplements on Lindon and Mithlond, respectively (both supplements were nearly finished at the time ICE lost their license from Tolkien Enterprises).[27] However, scattered information on Lindon and its prominent individuals can be found in several supplements.[28][29][30][31]

See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Notes", #75
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age", p. 183
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", p. 78
  8. 8.0 8.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves"
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Amroth and Nimrodel"
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Note 2
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", entry "600"
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", "Notes", #75
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age", p. 183
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  19. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "Durin's Folk"
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue"
  21. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The History of Middle-earth Index
  22. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: C. The Clan-names, with notes on other names for divisions of the Eldar", p. 385
  23. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names"
  24. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  25. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Tale of Years of the Second Age", pp. 168, 173
  26. John Crowdis (1990), Rogues of the Borderlands (#8014), p. 15
  27. Oliver Schick, Mailing list message of 9 Oct 2007, at Yahoo groups Fan modules
  28. John Crowdis (1990), Rogues of the Borderlands (#8014), pp. 3-4, 10-11, 14-15
  29. Mark Rabuck (1992), Northwestern Middle-earth Gazetteer (#4002), pp. 16, 44-46
  30. Wesley J. Frank, et al. (1996), Arnor: The People (#2022), pp. 61, 148
  31. Wesley J. Frank, et al. (1997), Arnor: The Land (#2023), pp. 68-69
Remnants of Drowned Beleriand
 Isles:  Himring · Tol Fuin · Tol Morwen
Mainland:  Lindon