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Lonely Mountain

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{{Sources}}
 
{{disambig-more|Lonely Mountain|[[Lonely Mountain (disambiguation)]]}}
 
{{disambig-more|Lonely Mountain|[[Lonely Mountain (disambiguation)]]}}
 
{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image = [[Image:Rob Alexander - The Lonely Mountain.jpg|250px]]
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| image = [[File:Jef Murray - The Lonely Mountain 2.jpg|250px]]
 
| name = Erebor
 
| name = Erebor
 
| meaning = Lonely Mountain
 
| meaning = Lonely Mountain
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==History==
 
==History==
 
===[[Years of the Trees]] and the [[First Age]]===
 
===[[Years of the Trees]] and the [[First Age]]===
 
 
Erebor was first discovered and colonized by the [[Longbeards]] some time after [[Durin|Durin I]] awoke in [[Mount Gundabad]].{{fact}}  It was inhabited  by a mining colony for thousands of years, and was connected by the [[Forest Road]]; Which was built by the Dwarves to connect all of its mining colonies.  It ran from the [[High Pass]] through [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] (Later called Mirkwood) to the river [[River Running|Running]] that went all the way up to the [[Iron Hills]], which was east of Erebor.
 
Erebor was first discovered and colonized by the [[Longbeards]] some time after [[Durin|Durin I]] awoke in [[Mount Gundabad]].{{fact}}  It was inhabited  by a mining colony for thousands of years, and was connected by the [[Forest Road]]; Which was built by the Dwarves to connect all of its mining colonies.  It ran from the [[High Pass]] through [[Mirkwood|Greenwood the Great]] (Later called Mirkwood) to the river [[River Running|Running]] that went all the way up to the [[Iron Hills]], which was east of Erebor.
  
 
===From Colony to Capital===
 
===From Colony to Capital===
 
 
Erebor continued as a colony for millenia, until the awakening of [[Durin's Bane]] in the capital of [[Khazad-dûm]].  In [[Third Age 1980 | T.A.1980]],  King [[Durin VI]] was killed by the creature, and in [[Third Age 1981 | 1981]] after the death of Durin's oldest son and heir King [[Náin I]]; the next in line [[Thráin I]] with the rest of his people fled Khazad-dùm (Renamed Moria).   
 
Erebor continued as a colony for millenia, until the awakening of [[Durin's Bane]] in the capital of [[Khazad-dûm]].  In [[Third Age 1980 | T.A.1980]],  King [[Durin VI]] was killed by the creature, and in [[Third Age 1981 | 1981]] after the death of Durin's oldest son and heir King [[Náin I]]; the next in line [[Thráin I]] with the rest of his people fled Khazad-dùm (Renamed Moria).   
 
Thráin with those who would follow him, went to the colony in Erebor in [[Third Age 1999 | 1999]].  Where he made himself [[King under the Mountain]], and relocated the capital of the Longbeards.
 
Thráin with those who would follow him, went to the colony in Erebor in [[Third Age 1999 | 1999]].  Where he made himself [[King under the Mountain]], and relocated the capital of the Longbeards.
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===Decline===
 
===Decline===
 
 
After King Thorin left the mountain was once again a colony, and its status as capital city was transfered to the Ered Mithrin.
 
After King Thorin left the mountain was once again a colony, and its status as capital city was transfered to the Ered Mithrin.
  
 
It was nearly four hundred years before Durin's folk returned in mass to Erebor.  The reason for this being that the [[Dwarves of the Grey Mountains]] had been fighting a [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons |war]] against the [[Dragons]], who had plagued the Dwarves for hundreds of years.  In the year  [[Third Age 2590 | 2589]] King [[Náin II]] and middle son [[Frór]] were killed by a great [[Cold-drake]] at the entrance to their halls, which led to the decision by the two remaining heirs, [[Thrór]] and [[Grór]], to leave the mountains with those who wished to follow them.   
 
It was nearly four hundred years before Durin's folk returned in mass to Erebor.  The reason for this being that the [[Dwarves of the Grey Mountains]] had been fighting a [[War of the Dwarves and Dragons |war]] against the [[Dragons]], who had plagued the Dwarves for hundreds of years.  In the year  [[Third Age 2590 | 2589]] King [[Náin II]] and middle son [[Frór]] were killed by a great [[Cold-drake]] at the entrance to their halls, which led to the decision by the two remaining heirs, [[Thrór]] and [[Grór]], to leave the mountains with those who wished to follow them.   
===Reestablishment===
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 +
===Re-establishment===
 
The [[Third Age 2590|following year]] the now king Thrór, led a group back to Erebor, while his borther Grór led another portion to the Iron Hills, and even some stayed behind in the Ered Mithrin.
 
The [[Third Age 2590|following year]] the now king Thrór, led a group back to Erebor, while his borther Grór led another portion to the Iron Hills, and even some stayed behind in the Ered Mithrin.
  
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===[[Sack of Erebor]] and exile===
 
===[[Sack of Erebor]] and exile===
 
 
But with this new found prosperity came trouble.  it wasn't long before the great dragon [[Smaug]] heard of their great wealth, and one day decided to take their treasure for himself.  in the year [[Third Age 2770 | 2770]] Smaug descended on the mountain in a ball of fire.  He killed King [[Girion]] of [[Dale]] with many of his knights, and he killed a large amount of the Dwarves living in the mountain.  Most of the survivors fled to the Iron Hills, others went with the royal family into exile, and some simply went their own way.
 
But with this new found prosperity came trouble.  it wasn't long before the great dragon [[Smaug]] heard of their great wealth, and one day decided to take their treasure for himself.  in the year [[Third Age 2770 | 2770]] Smaug descended on the mountain in a ball of fire.  He killed King [[Girion]] of [[Dale]] with many of his knights, and he killed a large amount of the Dwarves living in the mountain.  Most of the survivors fled to the Iron Hills, others went with the royal family into exile, and some simply went their own way.
  
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===The Quest of Erebor and restoration===
 
===The Quest of Erebor and restoration===
 
 
It wasn't until Thrór's grandson [[Thorin|Thorin II Oakenshield]] met the Wizard [[Gandalf]] that the hopes of retaking Erebor seemed possible.  Indeed in the year [[Third Age 2941 | 2941]] with Gandalf's council, king Thorin and a small company of friends and family actually made it to the Lonely Mountain.  After the Dragon Smaug had realized that the Dwarves had been helped by the [[Men of Dale]]  he went to their town of [[Lake-town|Esgaroth]] intent on destroying them.  Only to be killed by a man named [[Bard]].   
 
It wasn't until Thrór's grandson [[Thorin|Thorin II Oakenshield]] met the Wizard [[Gandalf]] that the hopes of retaking Erebor seemed possible.  Indeed in the year [[Third Age 2941 | 2941]] with Gandalf's council, king Thorin and a small company of friends and family actually made it to the Lonely Mountain.  After the Dragon Smaug had realized that the Dwarves had been helped by the [[Men of Dale]]  he went to their town of [[Lake-town|Esgaroth]] intent on destroying them.  Only to be killed by a man named [[Bard]].   
 
With the help of a [[Hobbits|Hobbit]] named [[Bilbo Baggins]] Thorin and company were able to retake the city and the treasure.  Therefore allowing Thorin to proclaim himself King under the Mountain.  But after refusing to give any of the treasure to the Men of Esgaroth, and the [[Elves of Mirkwood]], the mountain and the Dwarves and Hobbit in it were put under a bloodless siege.
 
With the help of a [[Hobbits|Hobbit]] named [[Bilbo Baggins]] Thorin and company were able to retake the city and the treasure.  Therefore allowing Thorin to proclaim himself King under the Mountain.  But after refusing to give any of the treasure to the Men of Esgaroth, and the [[Elves of Mirkwood]], the mountain and the Dwarves and Hobbit in it were put under a bloodless siege.
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===Prosperity and the [[War of the Ring]]===
 
===Prosperity and the [[War of the Ring]]===
 
 
Under Dáin's rule the Dwarves of Erebor became very rich and prosperous.  They rebuilt the town of [[Dale]], their trade greatly increased with their kinsman in the Iron Hills once again and with Men; and Erebor was restored to its original greatness.
 
Under Dáin's rule the Dwarves of Erebor became very rich and prosperous.  They rebuilt the town of [[Dale]], their trade greatly increased with their kinsman in the Iron Hills once again and with Men; and Erebor was restored to its original greatness.
 
But once again trouble began to brew in the east.  The Men of Dale were nearing war with the [[Easterlings]], and in the year [[Third Age 3019 | 3019]] an emissary from [[Sauron]] came to Erebor and told Dáin that if he were to give up the location of Bilbo (Who had discovered the [[Ring of Power]] in his travels) that Sauron would return to him the three remaining [[Seven Rings|Dwarven rings]].  But being wary of the emissary, Dáin sent his kinsmen [[Glóin (King of Durin's Folk)|Glóin]] to [[Rivendell]] to warn Bilbo that Sauron was after him.
 
But once again trouble began to brew in the east.  The Men of Dale were nearing war with the [[Easterlings]], and in the year [[Third Age 3019 | 3019]] an emissary from [[Sauron]] came to Erebor and told Dáin that if he were to give up the location of Bilbo (Who had discovered the [[Ring of Power]] in his travels) that Sauron would return to him the three remaining [[Seven Rings|Dwarven rings]].  But being wary of the emissary, Dáin sent his kinsmen [[Glóin (King of Durin's Folk)|Glóin]] to [[Rivendell]] to warn Bilbo that Sauron was after him.
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In the Lower Halls, there was a vast chamber called the Great Hall of Thráin at the root of the mountain. From there a secret passageway led to a hidden door in the western side of the mountain. The [[Back Door]] was invisible from the outside except on Durin's Day, when the light of the setting sun would reveal the keyhole.   
 
In the Lower Halls, there was a vast chamber called the Great Hall of Thráin at the root of the mountain. From there a secret passageway led to a hidden door in the western side of the mountain. The [[Back Door]] was invisible from the outside except on Durin's Day, when the light of the setting sun would reveal the keyhole.   
  
{{references}}
+
{{References}}
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Hobbit]]'', passim.
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Hobbit]]'', passim.
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', [[Many Meetings]]
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]], ''[[The Fellowship of the Ring]]'', [[Many Meetings]]
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* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[The Quest of Erebor]]
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[Unfinished Tales]]'', [[The Quest of Erebor]]
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''
 
* [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] and [[Christopher Tolkien]] (ed.), ''[[The Peoples of Middle-earth]]''
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[[Category:Cities, Towns and Villages]]
 
[[Category:Cities, Towns and Villages]]
 
[[Category:Dwarven Realms]]
 
[[Category:Dwarven Realms]]
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[[Category:Sieges]]
 
[[Category:Sieges]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin Locations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin Locations]]
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[[de:Erebor]]
 
[[de:Erebor]]
 
[[fi:Erebor]]
 
[[fi:Erebor]]

Revision as of 21:34, 17 April 2012

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
The name Lonely Mountain refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Lonely Mountain (disambiguation).
Jef Murray - The Lonely Mountain 2.jpg
Erebor
EtymologyLonely Mountain
GovernmentMonarchy/Lordship
Head of StateKing under the Mountain/King of Durin's folk
Societal information
LanguageWestron, Khuzdul
LocationNorth of Esgaroth, west of the Iron Hills,
PopulaceDwarves
Historical information
Formed fromPart of the Exiled Dwarves of the Grey Mountains led by King Thrór in T.A. 2590
EstablishmentT.A. 2590
Dissolution T.A. 2770
Restoration T.A. 2941

Erebor, or the Lonely Mountain (which it translates as from Sindarin), was a mountain in the northeast of Rhovanion. It was the source of the river Running, and a major Dwarven stronghold at the end of the Third Age and well into the Fourth.

Contents

History

Years of the Trees and the First Age

Erebor was first discovered and colonized by the Longbeards some time after Durin I awoke in Mount Gundabad.[source?] It was inhabited by a mining colony for thousands of years, and was connected by the Forest Road; Which was built by the Dwarves to connect all of its mining colonies. It ran from the High Pass through Greenwood the Great (Later called Mirkwood) to the river Running that went all the way up to the Iron Hills, which was east of Erebor.

From Colony to Capital

Erebor continued as a colony for millenia, until the awakening of Durin's Bane in the capital of Khazad-dûm. In T.A.1980, King Durin VI was killed by the creature, and in 1981 after the death of Durin's oldest son and heir King Náin I; the next in line Thráin I with the rest of his people fled Khazad-dùm (Renamed Moria). Thráin with those who would follow him, went to the colony in Erebor in 1999. Where he made himself King under the Mountain, and relocated the capital of the Longbeards. Under Thráin's rule the Arkenstone was discovered, and many riches were mined from its depths; After Thráin's death and his son Thorin I had ruled in Erebor for ten years, he abandoned the mountain in 2210 for the Grey Mountains; where his people were now gathering.

Decline

After King Thorin left the mountain was once again a colony, and its status as capital city was transfered to the Ered Mithrin.

It was nearly four hundred years before Durin's folk returned in mass to Erebor. The reason for this being that the Dwarves of the Grey Mountains had been fighting a war against the Dragons, who had plagued the Dwarves for hundreds of years. In the year 2589 King Náin II and middle son Frór were killed by a great Cold-drake at the entrance to their halls, which led to the decision by the two remaining heirs, Thrór and Grór, to leave the mountains with those who wished to follow them.

Re-establishment

The following year the now king Thrór, led a group back to Erebor, while his borther Grór led another portion to the Iron Hills, and even some stayed behind in the Ered Mithrin.

Thrór eventually made it to Erebor, and declared himself King under the Mountain. Under Thrór's rule Erebor once again became the capital of Durin's folk, the Dwarves of Erebor became the best crafters and masons in Wilderland, trade increased with their kinsman in the Iron Hills and elsewhere, and they also became very rich.

Sack of Erebor and exile

But with this new found prosperity came trouble. it wasn't long before the great dragon Smaug heard of their great wealth, and one day decided to take their treasure for himself. in the year 2770 Smaug descended on the mountain in a ball of fire. He killed King Girion of Dale with many of his knights, and he killed a large amount of the Dwarves living in the mountain. Most of the survivors fled to the Iron Hills, others went with the royal family into exile, and some simply went their own way.

The Lonely Mountain was empty for over two hundred years, save the ever vigilant Smaug who slept in the inner most chamber on a great pile of wealth. But while Durin's folk wandered from the mountain to Dunland to the northern Blue Mountains; they ever longed for the halls of Erebor.

The Quest of Erebor and restoration

It wasn't until Thrór's grandson Thorin II Oakenshield met the Wizard Gandalf that the hopes of retaking Erebor seemed possible. Indeed in the year 2941 with Gandalf's council, king Thorin and a small company of friends and family actually made it to the Lonely Mountain. After the Dragon Smaug had realized that the Dwarves had been helped by the Men of Dale he went to their town of Esgaroth intent on destroying them. Only to be killed by a man named Bard. With the help of a Hobbit named Bilbo Baggins Thorin and company were able to retake the city and the treasure. Therefore allowing Thorin to proclaim himself King under the Mountain. But after refusing to give any of the treasure to the Men of Esgaroth, and the Elves of Mirkwood, the mountain and the Dwarves and Hobbit in it were put under a bloodless siege. Things nearly came to blows when Thorin's cousin Dáin Ironfoot (Grór's grandson) arrived as aid to his kinsman and nearly went to battle against the besiegers. But Gandalf interceded and warned them all of a great host of Orcs and Wargs coming to take the mountain. So the Elves, Men, and Dwarves made an alliance, and fought a bloody batte against their foes in the valley before the gate of Erebor.

In the end the defenders were victorious against the Orcs and Wargs, but king Thorin was mortally wounded and his nephews were both killed in the battle, and after Thorin's death Dáin was made king of Durin's folk and of the mountain. Finally after so many years of longing the Longbeards finally could return to Erebor.

Prosperity and the War of the Ring

Under Dáin's rule the Dwarves of Erebor became very rich and prosperous. They rebuilt the town of Dale, their trade greatly increased with their kinsman in the Iron Hills once again and with Men; and Erebor was restored to its original greatness. But once again trouble began to brew in the east. The Men of Dale were nearing war with the Easterlings, and in the year 3019 an emissary from Sauron came to Erebor and told Dáin that if he were to give up the location of Bilbo (Who had discovered the Ring of Power in his travels) that Sauron would return to him the three remaining Dwarven rings. But being wary of the emissary, Dáin sent his kinsmen Glóin to Rivendell to warn Bilbo that Sauron was after him.

Several months later war broke out between Dale and the East. Dale was driven from their borders at the river Running, and was besieged in their city of Dale for three days in what became the Battle of Dale. Even with the aid of the Dwarves they could not stop the advance of the Easterlings; and on the third day as the Men and Dwarves retreated into the mountain, King Brand and King Dáin were killed at the its very gates. The Dwarves and Men held out for several days until word reached the ears of the Easterlings that the great hosts of Sauron in the south had been defeated in the Battle of the Morannon. With this news fear fell on the besiegers. When the besieged saw this they came forth from the Erebor, and attacked their enemy driving them from Dale across the Running, never to be bothered again.

After the death of his father, Thorin III Stonehelm became king of Durin's folk, and Erebor. Little is known of his reign other than his people helping rebuild the cities of Gondor and the fortress of Helm's Deep, and part of his people moving to the Glittering Caves. Erebor continued to prosper until the world grew old and the races of Durin ended.

Description

Erebor was possibly 3500 feet tall, as it was snowcapped at spring. Geologically, it was rich in metals and jewels.[1]

The mountain was star-shaped with six ridges radiating as spurs from the peak.

The south-western spur contained Ravenhill housing a Dwarven guard-post. Between the two western spurs was a narrow vale which was the exit of the Back Door, behind an overhanging cliff. Rough steps ascended to the top of the southern ridge along a narrow ledge turning east behind a boulder into a steep bay.

Inside, the mountain was dug with passages and tunnels leading to cellars and halls and mansions such as the great chamber of Thror near the Front Gate. A secret tunnel led to the "bottommost cellar"

The main entrance into the mountain was the Gate of Erebor on the south side, opening onto a valley between two great spurs of the mountain. At the end of the southwestern spur was Ravenhill, where there was a lookout post. The River Running sprang from beneath the mountain and issued from the Front Gate, forming a waterfall that fell into the valley below.

Inside the gate was a broad paved road that went alongside the river in a wide curve leading into the mountain. Not very far from the entrance was the Great Chamber of Thror where feasts and councils were held.

In the Lower Halls, there was a vast chamber called the Great Hall of Thráin at the root of the mountain. From there a secret passageway led to a hidden door in the western side of the mountain. The Back Door was invisible from the outside except on Durin's Day, when the light of the setting sun would reveal the keyhole.

References

  1. Karen Fonstad The Atlas of Middle-earth