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Lossarnach

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| image=[[File:Mark Fisher - Ithilien.png|249px]]
 
| image=[[File:Mark Fisher - Ithilien.png|249px]]
 
| name=Lossarnach
 
| name=Lossarnach
| othernames=
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| othernames=Arnach
 
| etymology=
 
| etymology=
 
| type=Region/fiefdom
 
| type=Region/fiefdom
 
| location=Southern [[Gondor]], southwest of Minas Tirith
 
| location=Southern [[Gondor]], southwest of Minas Tirith
| inhabitants=[[Gondorians]].
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| inhabitants=[[Gondorians]]
 
| realms=[[Gondor]]<br/>[[Reunited Kingdom]]
 
| realms=[[Gondor]]<br/>[[Reunited Kingdom]]
 
| description=
 
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| references=
 
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'''Lossarnach''' was a region and fiefdom in southern [[Gondor]].
 
'''Lossarnach''' was a region and fiefdom in southern [[Gondor]].
 
==History==
 
==History==
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
''Lossarnach'' is glossed as "flowery Arnach".<ref name=RC>{{HM|RC}}, pp. 513-4 (citing from the [[Unfinished index]])</ref> While [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] seemed to be convinced that the second element, ''[[Arnach]]'', was a [[Pre-Númenórean]] word, the first element caused more problems: since ''[[loss]]'' means "snow" in [[Sindarin]] it is unclear why it "''was prefixed to Arnach''", although it likely derived from likeness between ''loss'' and Sindarin ''[[loth]]'' ("flower").<ref name=VT42>{{VT|42a}}, p. 18</ref><ref name=RC/>
 
''Lossarnach'' is glossed as "flowery Arnach".<ref name=RC>{{HM|RC}}, pp. 513-4 (citing from the [[Unfinished index]])</ref> While [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] seemed to be convinced that the second element, ''[[Arnach]]'', was a [[Pre-Númenórean]] word, the first element caused more problems: since ''[[loss]]'' means "snow" in [[Sindarin]] it is unclear why it "''was prefixed to Arnach''", although it likely derived from likeness between ''loss'' and Sindarin ''[[loth]]'' ("flower").<ref name=VT42>{{VT|42a}}, p. 18</ref><ref name=RC/>
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 +
==Inspiration==
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 +
[[Letter to Jennifer Brookes-Smith (28 July 1955)|Writing in a letter]] about an impending trip in [[1955]], [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] identified Lossarnach as [[Wikipedia:Assisi|Assisi]].<ref>{{CG|C}}, p. 462</ref>
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==Portrayal in adaptations==
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'''2015: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
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:Lossarnach was an area in the region of Eastern [[Gondor]]. It was across the river [[Erui]] from Upper [[Lebennin]] to the west and across the river [[Anduin]] from South [[Ithilien]] to the east. The [[Rammas Echor]] divided it from the [[Pelennor Fields|Pelennor]] to the north-east. Settlements in Lossarnach included the capital city of [[Arnach#Portayal in adaptations|Arnach]], [[Imloth Melui]], [[Harlond (Gondor)|Harlond]], and "Ost Norhir", though the latter two have fallen to the [[Minas Morgul|Morgul]]-host. The emblem of Lossarnach was three red roses on a white field. Baranor, Captain of the Guard of Arnach, and the Lady Vanyalos, sister of [[Denethor]] and husband of [[Forlong]], were in charge of the land when Forlong went to [[Minas Tirith]].
  
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}

Latest revision as of 09:09, 2 June 2016

Mark Fisher - Ithilien.png
Lossarnach
Physical Description
TypeRegion/fiefdom
LocationSouthern Gondor, southwest of Minas Tirith
RealmsGondor
Reunited Kingdom
InhabitantsGondorians
General Information
Other namesArnach

Lossarnach was a region and fiefdom in southern Gondor.

Contents

[edit] History

Known as the "Vale of flowers", it was a fertile region lying south of eastern end of the White Mountains. It was the region closest to Minas Tirith,[1] which depended on the fruit cultivated in the orchards of Lossarnach. Residents of Minas Tirith were also known to make expeditions to the region to behold its renowned flowers and trees (which surely included the valley Imloth Melui).[2]

At the end of the Third Age, its lord was the old Forlong the Fat, who led two hundred men to the aide of Minas Tirith.[3] Forlong was killed in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields,[4] but many of his men survived and accompanied Aragorn Elessar on his way to the Black Gate, even though most of them were farmers.

Lossarnach was populated by many refugees from Ithilien and Osgiliath. During the War of the Ring, most women and children from Minas Tirith were sent there.[3]

Famous people from the region included the wise-woman Ioreth who served in the Houses of Healing of Minas Tirith,[5] and Morwen Steelsheen, wife of King Thengel of Rohan.[6]

[edit] Etymology

Lossarnach is glossed as "flowery Arnach".[7] While Tolkien seemed to be convinced that the second element, Arnach, was a Pre-Númenórean word, the first element caused more problems: since loss means "snow" in Sindarin it is unclear why it "was prefixed to Arnach", although it likely derived from likeness between loss and Sindarin loth ("flower").[2][7]

[edit] Inspiration

Writing in a letter about an impending trip in 1955, Tolkien identified Lossarnach as Assisi.[8]

[edit] Portrayal in adaptations

2015: The Lord of the Rings Online:

Lossarnach was an area in the region of Eastern Gondor. It was across the river Erui from Upper Lebennin to the west and across the river Anduin from South Ithilien to the east. The Rammas Echor divided it from the Pelennor to the north-east. Settlements in Lossarnach included the capital city of Arnach, Imloth Melui, Harlond, and "Ost Norhir", though the latter two have fallen to the Morgul-host. The emblem of Lossarnach was three red roses on a white field. Baranor, Captain of the Guard of Arnach, and the Lady Vanyalos, sister of Denethor and husband of Forlong, were in charge of the land when Forlong went to Minas Tirith.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "The Rivers and Beacon-hills of Gondor" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, p. 18
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Minas Tirith"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Battle of the Pelennor Fields"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Houses of Healing"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl", "The Kings of the Mark"
  7. 7.0 7.1 Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (eds), The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, pp. 513-4 (citing from the Unfinished index)
  8. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull (2006), The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: I. Chronology, p. 462