Tolkien Gateway

Meneldil

(Difference between revisions)
(Early Life)
(Early Life)
Line 31: Line 31:
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Early Life===
 
===Early Life===
Meneldil was the last man born in [[Númenor]]<ref name="Gladden">{{UT|Gladden}}</ref> and was about one year old at the time of the [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]].  He would have been carried to [[Gondor]] in his father’s ship where [[Isildur]] and [[Anárion]] established a new realm under their joint leadership.
+
Meneldil was the last man born in [[Númenor]]<ref name="Gladden">{{UT|Gladden}}</ref> and was about one year old at the time of the [[Downfall of Númenor|Downfall]].  He would have been carried to [[Middle-earth]] in his father’s ship where [[Isildur]] and [[Anárion]] established a new realm, [[Gondor]], under their joint leadership.
  
 
Meneldil was 111 years old when in {{SA|3429}} [[Sauron]] sent his army to attack and capture [[Minas Ithil]].  It is not known what role Meneldil may have played while his father defended [[Osgiliath]] and held the hosts of [[Mordor]] at bay.  With the arrival of Elendil and [[Gil-galad]]’s forces the fortunes of the [[War of the Last Alliance]] turned, but in the hard fighting Anárion died (in {{SA|3440}}), as did Elendil (in {{SA|3441}}).<ref name="SA">{{App|SA}}</ref>
 
Meneldil was 111 years old when in {{SA|3429}} [[Sauron]] sent his army to attack and capture [[Minas Ithil]].  It is not known what role Meneldil may have played while his father defended [[Osgiliath]] and held the hosts of [[Mordor]] at bay.  With the arrival of Elendil and [[Gil-galad]]’s forces the fortunes of the [[War of the Last Alliance]] turned, but in the hard fighting Anárion died (in {{SA|3440}}), as did Elendil (in {{SA|3441}}).<ref name="SA">{{App|SA}}</ref>

Revision as of 20:57, 17 October 2013

Matěj Čadil - Meneldil of Gondor.jpg
Meneldil
Númenórean
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
AffiliationLast Alliance of Elves and Men
LanguageSindarin
BirthS.A. 3318
Rómenna, Númenor
RuleT.A. 2 - T.A. 158 (156 years)
DeathT.A. 158 (aged 281)
Gondor
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageAnárion
Siblingsthree unnamed siblings
ChildrenCemendur
Physical Description
GenderMale

Meneldil (S.A. 3318[1]T.A. 158,[2] aged 281 years), the son of Anárion and grandson of High King Elendil, was the third King of Gondor and the first to rule in his own name. He reigned 156 years, from T.A. 2 until his death. He was succeeded by his son Cemendur.

Contents

History

Early Life

Meneldil was the last man born in Númenor[3] and was about one year old at the time of the Downfall. He would have been carried to Middle-earth in his father’s ship where Isildur and Anárion established a new realm, Gondor, under their joint leadership.

Meneldil was 111 years old when in S.A. 3429 Sauron sent his army to attack and capture Minas Ithil. It is not known what role Meneldil may have played while his father defended Osgiliath and held the hosts of Mordor at bay. With the arrival of Elendil and Gil-galad’s forces the fortunes of the War of the Last Alliance turned, but in the hard fighting Anárion died (in S.A. 3440), as did Elendil (in S.A. 3441).[4]

Succession to Kingship

With the deaths of Elendil and Anárion, Arnor had no leader and the joint rule in Gondor was finished. Isildur returned to Gondor, assumed the Elendilmir as Arnor’s king and proclaimed his lordship over all the Dúnedain, North and South. While most of Arnor’s forces returned to Eriador the new King remained in the South to restore order and define Gondor’s boundaries. With Meneldil and a company of trusted friends, Isildur rode about the boundaries of Gondor and in Anórien created the [[Tomb of Elendil upon the hill of Eilenaer, thereafter called Amon Anwar.[5] When he was ready he committed the rule of Gondor to Meneldil and departed for Imladris with his three oldest sons to consult with Elrond.[3]

It is said that Meneldil was quite pleased to see his uncle and his sons leave for the North, hoping that they would remain there long.[6] Then, a month after their departure, Isildur and his three sons were slain in the Battle of the Gladden Fields.[3] Arnor would eventually (in T.A. 10[2]) be ruled by Isildur’s fourth son, Valandil, but in the South Meneldil assumed full kingship, which was inherited by his descendants. Gondor would not be ruled by an heir of Isildur until the ascension of Aragorn.

Not much is known about his reign other than a Gondorian scholar wrote the Ondonóre Nómesseron Minaþurie.[7]

Genealogy

 
 
Elendil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isildur
 
Anárion
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3 unnamed
children[1]
 
MENELDIL
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cemendur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eärendil


Other Versions of the Legendarium

In The Peoples of Middle-earth, in Section VII "The Heirs of Elendil", Christopher Tolkien explained that there were three manuscripts in the textual history of this section. Manuscript A contained the information about the Southern Line of Gondor, and from its condition it appeared to be the first stage of composition. Manuscript B added the Northern Line, and began as a fair copy of A for the Southern line but became heavily emended. Manuscript B led to Manuscript C, a fine copy (but with later emendations), which led to a final typescript D. In the earlier Manuscripts A and B, Meneldil's date of birth was S.A. 3299 instead of S.A. 3318. It was Isildur's son Kiryandil who was born in 3318 and thus was the last man born in Númenor.[1]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", Note 10
  7. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001, "The Rivers and Beacon-Hills of Gondor"
Meneldil
House of Anárion
Born: S.A. 3318 Died: T.A. 158
Preceded by:
Isildur
3rd King of Gondor
T.A. 2158
Followed by:
Cemendur