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Middle English 'Losenger' (essay)

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The paper is an investigation of the [[Middle English]] word (of French origin) 'losenger'{{ref|1}}. Tolkien traces the word through its usage in [[Geoffrey Chaucer]]'s ''Legend of Good Women'' and in various [[wikipedia:Proto-Germanic language|Proto-Germanic languages]].<ref>[[Wayne G. Hammond]] and [[Christina Scull]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]: Reader's Guide'' (2006), p. 586</ref>
 
The paper is an investigation of the [[Middle English]] word (of French origin) 'losenger'{{ref|1}}. Tolkien traces the word through its usage in [[Geoffrey Chaucer]]'s ''Legend of Good Women'' and in various [[wikipedia:Proto-Germanic language|Proto-Germanic languages]].<ref>[[Wayne G. Hammond]] and [[Christina Scull]], ''[[The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide]]: Reader's Guide'' (2006), p. 586</ref>
  
In [[1953]], the essay was published in ''Essais de philologie moderne (1951)'', the collection of the conference proceedings, and in an offprint ([[Middle English 'Losenger' (publication)|''Middle English 'Losenger': Sketch of an etymological and semantic enquiry'']]).<ref>''An Illustrated Tolkien Bibliography'', at Tolkienbooks.net</ref>
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In [[1953]], the essay was published in ''[[Essais de philologie moderne (1951)]]'', the collection of the conference proceedings, and in an offprint ([[Middle English 'Losenger' (publication)|''Middle English 'Losenger': Sketch of an etymological and semantic enquiry'']]).<ref>''An Illustrated Tolkien Bibliography'', at Tolkienbooks.net</ref>
  
 
==Notes==
 
==Notes==
 
# <small>{{note|1}} ''Losenger'': A flatterer; a deceiver; a cozener. (Source: ''Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary''. 1913, C. & G. Merriam Co.)</small>
 
# <small>{{note|1}} ''Losenger'': A flatterer; a deceiver; a cozener. (Source: ''Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary''. 1913, C. & G. Merriam Co.)</small>
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
[[CATEGORY:Essays]]
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[[CATEGORY:Essays by J.R.R. Tolkien]]
 
[[CATEGORY:Lectures by J.R.R. Tolkien]]
 
[[CATEGORY:Lectures by J.R.R. Tolkien]]

Revision as of 00:02, 20 August 2010

Middle English 'Losenger': Sketch of an etymological and semantic enquiry is the title of a paper delivered by J.R.R. Tolkien at the Congrès Internationale de Philologie Moderne, held at the University of Liège from 10 to 13 September 1951.[1]

The paper is an investigation of the Middle English word (of French origin) 'losenger'Template:Ref. Tolkien traces the word through its usage in Geoffrey Chaucer's Legend of Good Women and in various Proto-Germanic languages.[2]

In 1953, the essay was published in Essais de philologie moderne (1951), the collection of the conference proceedings, and in an offprint (Middle English 'Losenger': Sketch of an etymological and semantic enquiry).[3]

Notes

  1. Template:Note Losenger: A flatterer; a deceiver; a cozener. (Source: Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary. 1913, C. & G. Merriam Co.)

References

  1. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Reader's Guide (2006), p. 82
  2. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Reader's Guide (2006), p. 586
  3. An Illustrated Tolkien Bibliography, at Tolkienbooks.net