|Etymology||S. "between the rivers"|
|Events||War of the Elves and Sauron|
|References||Appendix A of The Lord of the Rings, Unfinished Tales|
Minhiriath was located between the Brandywine River on its northern border and the Greyflood on its southern border. The Shire was north of the Brandywine across Sarn Ford. The region called Enedwaith was south of the Greyflood. The eastern border of Minhiriath was probably around the North-South Road. On the west, Minhiriath had a coast on the Sea. The forest of Eryn Vorn was on a cape on the coast of Minhiriath.
The original inhabitants of Minhiriath were descended from the same Atani as the ancestors of the Númenóreans, but because they spoke mutually unintelligible languages, the Númenóreans did not class the Minhiriathrim as Middle Men.
When the large-scale deforestation of their land began under the Númenórean "Ship Kings" after the 7th century Second Age, the folk of Minhiriath became openly hostile, and were persecuted. Only those who fled from Minhiriath into the dark woods of the great Cape of Eryn Vorn survived. Most, if not all of these forest-dwellers subsequently welcomed Sauron and hoped for his victory over the Men of the Sea, but they were to be disappointed - and permanently trapped - by Sauron's burning of much of the rest of the surviving forest, and final defeat, in S.A. 1701.
From T.A. 861, Minhiriath was inherited by one of Arnor's three successor states, Cardolan, but the "ravaging" of Cardolan by evil forces in 1409 no doubt caused extensive depopulation of the whole country. Even worse was the advent of the Great Plague in 1636, after which Minhiriath was "almost entirely deserted". After 1975, even though a few secretive hunter-folk lived in the woods throughout the Third Age, Minhiriath was claimed by no kingdom at all.
Many of the inhabitants of Minhiriath died during the Great Plague of 1636. The Dúnedain of Cardolan were wiped out. In 2912, Minhiriath was devastated by floods in the spring that following the Fell Winter. Tharbad was ruined at this time.
Although it was still thickly forested in several places by the time of the War of the Ring, the once continuously forested Minhiriath bore the permanent scars of over 5000 years of felling, burning and war.
|Blue Mountains||The Shire||South Downs|