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Mount Gram

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| name=Mount Gram
 
| name=Mount Gram
 
| type=Mountain
 
| type=Mountain
| location=Arnor
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| location=Possibly the [[Misty Mountains]]<ref name=Foster>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', page 273</ref> or [[Ettenmoors]]<ref name=Atlas>[[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'', pages 75, 80</ref>
| inhabitants=[[Goblins]]  
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| inhabitants=[[Orcs]]  
 
| realms=
 
| realms=
 
| description=
 
| description=
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| etymology=
 
| etymology=
 
| events=[[Battle of Greenfields]]
 
| events=[[Battle of Greenfields]]
| references=
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}}
|}}
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'''Mount Gram''' was a mountain inhabited by [[Orcs]].
'''Mount Gram''' was a mountain of unspecified location.
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==History==
 
==History==
Mount Gram was inhabited by [[Orcs]] led by their King [[Golfimbul]]. In [[Third Age 2747]] they attacked much of northern [[Eriador]], but were defeated in the [[Battle of Greenfields]].<ref>{{HM|H}}, "[[An Unexpected Party]]"</ref>
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Mount Gram was inhabited by [[Orcs]] led by their King [[Golfimbul]]. In {{TA|2747}} they attacked much of northern [[Eriador]], but were defeated in the [[Battle of Greenfields]].<ref>{{H|Party}}</ref>
  
 
==Location==
 
==Location==
The location of Mount Gram has never been established but it is generally assumed that it is one of the [[Misty Mountains]]: The [[Tale of Years]] mentions that in {{TA|2740}} "Orcs renew their invasions of Eriador" without specifying from where, but obviously referring to [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains]], since the previous entries mention those.<ref>{{App|B2}}</ref> "The [[goblins]] of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in 2747 obviously are a bunch of them.
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The location of Mount Gram has never been established and the mountain could have been anywhere within the northern [[Eriador]] region.
  
This must be the reason why [[Robert Foster]] also mentions Gram to be one of the Misty Mountains, although he doesn't cite a specific source or reason to do so.<ref>[[Robert Foster]], ''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]'', page 273</ref> However, as any confirmation lacks, the mountain could be anywhere within the northern Eriador region.
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The [[Appendix B|Tale of Years]] mentions that in {{TA|2740}} "Orcs ''renew'' their invasions of Eriador", obviously referring to [[Orcs of the Misty Mountains|those of the Misty Mountains]], mentioned in the immediate previous entries.<ref>{{App|B2}}</ref> "The [[goblins]] of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in {{TA|2747|n}} obviously were a subsequent wave of them.
  
On the other hand, [[Karen Wynn Fonstad]] (also without explanation) places it on a promontory in the [[Ettenmoors]].<ref>[[Karen Wynn Fonstad]], ''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]]'', pages 75, 80</ref>  
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This must be the reason why [[Robert Foster]] considers Gram to have been one of the Misty Mountains, although he does not cite a specific source or reason to do so.<ref name=Foster/>
{{references}}
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On the other hand, [[Karen Wynn Fonstad]] (also without explanation) placed it on a promontory in the [[Ettenmoors]].<ref name=Atlas/>
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==Other Versions of the Legendarium==
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In the earliest writings of ''[[The Hobbit]]'', Mount Gram was merely "Gram Hill".<ref>{{HH|Pryftan}}, p. 8</ref>
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==Etymology and inspiration==
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[[Gram]] in [[Old English]] means "fierce, grim" but it is not certain that the name was intended as Old English.
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There is a Mount Gram in Albania.
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==Portrayal in Adaptations==
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'''2011: ''[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]]'':'''
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:[[Tharzog]] is the chieftain of the [[Orcs]] of [[Mount Gram]].<ref>[[The Lord of the Rings: War in the North]], Chapter 1: Fornost, ''Citadel tower''</ref>
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{{references}}
 
[[Category:Mountains|Gram]]
 
[[Category:Mountains|Gram]]
[[Category:Evil Realms]]
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[[Category:Evil realms]]
  
 
[[de:Gram (Berg)]]
 
[[de:Gram (Berg)]]
 
[[fi:Gramin vuori]]
 
[[fi:Gramin vuori]]

Latest revision as of 16:09, 9 January 2013

Rob Alexander - Mount Gram.jpg
Mount Gram
Physical Description
TypeMountain
LocationPossibly the Misty Mountains[1] or Ettenmoors[2]
InhabitantsOrcs
General Information
EventsBattle of Greenfields

Mount Gram was a mountain inhabited by Orcs.

Contents

[edit] History

Mount Gram was inhabited by Orcs led by their King Golfimbul. In T.A. 2747 they attacked much of northern Eriador, but were defeated in the Battle of Greenfields.[3]

[edit] Location

The location of Mount Gram has never been established and the mountain could have been anywhere within the northern Eriador region.

The Tale of Years mentions that in T.A. 2740 "Orcs renew their invasions of Eriador", obviously referring to those of the Misty Mountains, mentioned in the immediate previous entries.[4] "The goblins of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in 2747 obviously were a subsequent wave of them.

This must be the reason why Robert Foster considers Gram to have been one of the Misty Mountains, although he does not cite a specific source or reason to do so.[1]

On the other hand, Karen Wynn Fonstad (also without explanation) placed it on a promontory in the Ettenmoors.[2]

[edit] Other Versions of the Legendarium

In the earliest writings of The Hobbit, Mount Gram was merely "Gram Hill".[5]

[edit] Etymology and inspiration

Gram in Old English means "fierce, grim" but it is not certain that the name was intended as Old English.

There is a Mount Gram in Albania.

[edit] Portrayal in Adaptations

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Tharzog is the chieftain of the Orcs of Mount Gram.[6]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, page 273
  2. 2.0 2.1 Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, pages 75, 80
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, The First Phase, "The Pryftan Fragment", p. 8
  6. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost, Citadel tower