Tolkien Gateway

Mount Gram

Revision as of 16:07, 19 September 2011 by Morgan (Talk | contribs)
Rob Alexander - Mount Gram.jpg
Mount Gram
Physical Description
General Information
EventsBattle of Greenfields

Mount Gram was a mountain of unspecified location.



Mount Gram was inhabited by Orcs led by their King Golfimbul. In Third Age 2747 they attacked much of northern Eriador, but were defeated in the Battle of Greenfields.[1]


The location of Mount Gram has never been established and the mountain could be anywhere within the northern Eriador region.

It is generally assumed that it is one of the Misty Mountains: The Tale of Years mentions that in T.A. 2740 "Orcs renew their invasions of Eriador" without specifying from where, but the immediately previous references of Orcs were for the those of the Misty Mountains.[2] "The goblins of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in 2747 obviously are a subsequent wave of them.

This must be the reason why Robert Foster also mentions Gram to be one of the Misty Mountains, although he doesn't cite a specific source or reason to do so.[3]

On the other hand, Karen Wynn Fonstad (also without explanation) places it on a promontory in the Ettenmoors.[4]

Etymology and inspiration

Gram in Old English means "fierce, grim" but it's not certain that the name was intended as Old English.

There is a Mount Gram in Albania.


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  3. Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, page 273
  4. Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, pages 75, 80