Tolkien Gateway

Mount Gram

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Rob Alexander - Mount Gram.jpg
Mount Gram
Physical Description
TypeMountain
LocationPossibly the Misty Mountains[1] or Ettenmoors[2]
InhabitantsOrcs
General Information
EventsBattle of Greenfields

Mount Gram was a mountain inhabited by Orcs.

Contents

History

Mount Gram was inhabited by Orcs led by their King Golfimbul. In T.A. 2747 they attacked much of northern Eriador, but were defeated in the Battle of Greenfields.[3]

Location

The location of Mount Gram has never been established and the mountain could have been anywhere within the northern Eriador region.

The Tale of Years mentions that in T.A. 2740 "Orcs renew their invasions of Eriador", obviously referring to those of the Misty Mountains, mentioned in the immediate previous entries.[4] "The goblins of Mount Gram" who invaded the Shire in 2747 obviously were a subsequent wave of them.

This must be the reason why Robert Foster considers Gram to have been one of the Misty Mountains, although he does not cite a specific source or reason to do so.[1]

On the other hand, Karen Wynn Fonstad (also without explanation) placed it on a promontory in the Ettenmoors.[2]

Other Versions of the Legendarium

In the earliest writings of The Hobbit, Mount Gram was merely "Gram Hill".[5]

Etymology and inspiration

Gram in Old English means "fierce, grim" but it is not certain that the name was intended as Old English.

There is a Mount Gram in Albania.

Portrayal in Adaptations

2011: The Lord of the Rings: War in the North:

Tharzog is the chieftain of the Orcs of Mount Gram.[6]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Robert Foster, The Complete Guide to Middle-earth, page 273
  2. 2.0 2.1 Karen Wynn Fonstad, The Atlas of Middle-earth, pages 75, 80
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, John D. Rateliff (ed.), The History of The Hobbit, Mr. Baggins, The First Phase, "The Pryftan Fragment", p. 8
  6. The Lord of the Rings: War in the North, Chapter 1: Fornost, Citadel tower