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na is the Quenya verb for "to be"[1].

Also, means "yes, it is so"[2]

Etymology

Root NA2[3]

Forms

Various attested forms of "to be"[4][5]

  • "is"
    • nánye/nanye “I am”
    • nalye "you are" (polite)
    • natye “you are” (familiar)
    • nás “it is”,
    • náse “(s)he is”
    • nalme “we are”
    • nát "they (dual) are"
    • nar/nár "they are"
  • náne/né "was"
    • anen “I was”,
    • anel “you were”
    • nése "he was"
    • anes “(s)he/it was”
    • nét "they (dual) were"
    • náner/nér "they were"
  • uva/nauva "will be"
    • nauvan "I will be
  • anaie "has been"
  • náve "being" (infinitive/gerund)[6]
  • na "let it be"
    • nai "be it that"

Syntax

Na is following the sentece. When used in imperative, it precedes the adjective.[7]

  • na aire "be holy"
  • aire na "it is holy"

See also

References

  1. The Road Goes Ever On, A Song Cycle, Namárië
  2. Vinyar Tengwar 49, p. 28
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, The Etymologies
  4. Vinyar Tengwar 42
  5. Vinyar Tengwar 49
  6. Parma Eldalamberon 17
  7. Vinyar Tengwar 43 p.14

External links