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na is the Quenya verb for "to be"[1].

Also, means "yes, it is so"[2]

Etymology

Root NA2[3]

Forms

Various attested forms of "to be"[4][5]

  • "is"
    • nánye/nanye “I am”
    • nalye "you are" (polite)
    • natye “you are” (familiar)
    • nás “it is”,
    • náse “(s)he is”
    • nalme “we are”
    • nát "they (dual) are"
    • nar/nár "they are"
  • náne/né "was"
    • anen “I was”,
    • anel “you were”
    • nése "he was"
    • anes “(s)he/it was”
    • nét "they (dual) were"
    • náner/nér "they were"
  • uva/nauva "will be"
    • nauvan "I will be
  • anaie "has been"
  • náve "being" (infinitive/gerund)[6]
  • na "let it be"
    • nai "be it that"

Syntax

Na is following the sentece. When used in imperative, it precedes the adjective.[7]

  • na aire "be holy"
  • aire na "it is holy"

See also

References

  1. The Road Goes Ever On, A Song Cycle, Namárië
  2. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 49, June 2007, p. 28
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, The Etymologies
  4. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001
  5. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 49, June 2007
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson)
  7. Vinyar Tengwar, Number 43, January 2002, p.14

External links