Tolkien Gateway

Nargothrond

(Difference between revisions)
m (Bot Message: changing link to Túrin)
(Afterwards)
(27 intermediate revisions by 10 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image = [[Image:Felix Sotomayor - Nargothrond.jpg|300px]]
+
| image = [[Image:J.R.R. Tolkien - Nargothrond (II) (Colored by H.E. Riddett).jpg|250px]]
 
| name = Nargothrond
 
| name = Nargothrond
 
| meaning =  
 
| meaning =  
Line 16: Line 16:
 
| holiday =  
 
| holiday =  
 
| anthem =  
 
| anthem =  
| formed = [[First Age 52|F.A. 52]]
+
| formed = {{FA|52}}
 
| established =  
 
| established =  
 
| reorganized =  
 
| reorganized =  
 
| fragmented =  
 
| fragmented =  
| dissolved = [[First Age 495|F.A. 495]]
+
| dissolved = {{FA|495}}
 
| restored =  
 
| restored =  
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Nargothrond''' was the stronghold built by [[Finrod Felagund]] to dwell in, delved into the banks of the river [[Narog]] in [[Beleriand]].  This was the base of Felagund's realm that included the lands to the north (the ''[[Talath Dirnen]]'' or [[Guarded Plain]]) and surrounding.
+
'''Nargothrond''' was the stronghold built by [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]] to dwell in, delved into the banks of the river [[Narog]] in [[Beleriand]].  This was the base of Felagund's realm that included the lands to the north (the ''[[Talath Dirnen]]'') and surrounding.
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Creation===
 
===Creation===
 +
The Caverns of Narog beneath the forested hills of [[Taur-en-Faroth]] on the western bank of the river were known as [[Nulukkizdîn|Nulukkhizdîn]], first inhabited by the [[Petty-dwarves]] before they were driven out.
  
Inspired by [[Menegroth]] in [[Doriath]], and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of [[Morgoth]], Finrod established it in the early years of the [[First Age]], in the Caverns of Narog beneath the forested hills of [[Taur-en-Faroth]] on the western bank of Narog. He was aided by the [[Dwarves]] of the [[Ered Luin]], who also made for him the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves.
+
Inspired by [[Menegroth]] in [[Doriath]], and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of [[Morgoth]], Finrod established Nargothrond in the caves in the early years of the [[First Age]]. He was aided by the [[Dwarves]] of the [[Ered Luin]], who also made for him the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves.
 
+
However, Finrod was not the first to delve in those caves:  it had first been inhabited by the [[Petty-dwarves]] before they were driven out.
+
  
 
===Days of Power===
 
===Days of Power===
  
Finrod ruled Nargothrond until he joined [[Beren Erchamion|Beren]] in his quest for the [[Silmarils|Silmaril]] and gave it to [[Orodreth of Nargothrond|Orodreth]].  However, since the [[Dagor Bragollach]] the sons of [[Fëanor]], [[Celegorm]] and [[Curufin]] were defeated and had to retreat to Nargothrond, where they were conceived as one of them, but though the city grew stronger because of this, the influence of the sons of Feänor became higher.
+
Finrod ruled Nargothrond until he joined [[Beren]] in his quest for the [[Silmarils|Silmaril]] and handed rule to [[Orodreth]].  However, since the [[Dagor Bragollach]] [[Celegorm]] and [[Curufin]], the sons of [[Fëanor]], were defeated and retreated to Nargothrond where they were received as one of them.  Although the city grew stronger because of this, the influence of the sons of Feänor became higher. Celegorm and Curufin lived in Nargothrond at the time Finrod departed with Beren and were more powerful than Orodreth until Finrod's death was reported, at which time they were exiled.
Celegorm and Curufin lived in Nargothrond at the time Finrod departed Nargothrond with Beren and were more powerful than Orodreth until Finrod's death was reported, at which time they were exiled.
+
  
 
===Fall===
 
===Fall===
 +
[[Image:Alan Lee - Túrin in Nargothrond.jpg|thumb|left|''Túrin in Nargothrond'' by [[Alan Lee]]]]
 
(''Main article: [[Fall of Nargothrond]]'')
 
(''Main article: [[Fall of Nargothrond]]'')
  
Line 44: Line 43:
  
 
===Afterwards===
 
===Afterwards===
[[Glaurung]] stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen horde until he went Northeast to [[Brethil]] to assail Turin, and after being killed by him at [[Cabed-en-Aras]] he never returned.  Then, [[Mim]] the Petty Dwarf settled there reclaiming his peoples ancient home until he was killed by [[Húrin Thalion|Húrin]].  The realm remained deserted for the rest of the first age until the [[War of Wrath]] when it went down with the rest of the Beleriand.
+
[[Glaurung]] stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen hoard until he went northeast to [[Brethil]] to assail Túrin and was killed by him at [[Cabed-en-Aras]].  Then, [[Mîm]] the Petty-dwarf settled there reclaiming his people's ancient home until he was killed by [[Húrin]].  The realm remained deserted for the rest of the First Age until the [[War of Wrath]] when it went down with the rest of Beleriand.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
From its first conception, the name '''Nargothrond''' means "Underground fortress on the river [[Narog]]". Its [[Petty-dwarves|Petty-dwarvish]] name was '''[[Nulukkizdîn|Nulukkhizdîn]]''' (erronously spelled ''Nulukkizdîn'' in the published works). However, in his later life, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] devised the Dwarvish name ''Narukathan'' instead, to which the Elves suffixed ''-[[rond]]'', "vaulted dome".
+
From its first conception, the name '''Nargothrond''' means "Underground fortress on the river [[Narog]]". Its [[Petty-dwarves|Petty-dwarvish]] name was '''[[Nulukkizdîn|Nulukkhizdîn]]''' (erronously spelled ''Nulukkizdîn'' in the published works).<ref>{{WJ|10}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
However, in his later life, [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] devised the Dwarvish name ''Nar(u)kathan'' instead, to which the Elves suffixed ''-[[rond]]'', "vaulted dome".<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 47</ref>
 +
 
 +
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Nargothrond is referred as ''Hlydingaburg'' "City of the Hlydingas" or ''Stangaldor(burg)''.<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
Line 54: Line 57:
 
{{references}}
 
{{references}}
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
[[Category:Cities]]
 
 
[[Category:Caves]]
 
[[Category:Caves]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 +
[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
 +
 +
[[de:Nargothrond]]
 +
[[fi:Nargothrond]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/villes_tours_et_forteresses/beleriand/nargothrond]]

Revision as of 05:52, 14 January 2013

J.R.R. Tolkien - Nargothrond (II) (Colored by H.E. Riddett).jpg
Nargothrond
Political information
Head of StateKing of Nargothrond
Societal information
CapitalNargothrond
LanguageSindarin
LocationThe meeting of the rivers Ringwil and Narog, beneath the High Faroth
PopulaceNoldorin elves
Historical information
Formed fromF.A. 52
DissolutionF.A. 495

Nargothrond was the stronghold built by Finrod Felagund to dwell in, delved into the banks of the river Narog in Beleriand. This was the base of Felagund's realm that included the lands to the north (the Talath Dirnen) and surrounding.

Contents

History

Creation

The Caverns of Narog beneath the forested hills of Taur-en-Faroth on the western bank of the river were known as Nulukkhizdîn, first inhabited by the Petty-dwarves before they were driven out.

Inspired by Menegroth in Doriath, and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of Morgoth, Finrod established Nargothrond in the caves in the early years of the First Age. He was aided by the Dwarves of the Ered Luin, who also made for him the Nauglamír, the Necklace of the Dwarves.

Days of Power

Finrod ruled Nargothrond until he joined Beren in his quest for the Silmaril and handed rule to Orodreth. However, since the Dagor Bragollach Celegorm and Curufin, the sons of Fëanor, were defeated and retreated to Nargothrond where they were received as one of them. Although the city grew stronger because of this, the influence of the sons of Feänor became higher. Celegorm and Curufin lived in Nargothrond at the time Finrod departed with Beren and were more powerful than Orodreth until Finrod's death was reported, at which time they were exiled.

Fall

Túrin in Nargothrond by Alan Lee

(Main article: Fall of Nargothrond)

Túrin Turambar later came to Nargothrond and became one of its chief fighters, but he also persuaded the people to fight openly against Morgoth (the bridge was built at this time), which eventually led to its sack by the army of the dragon Glaurung.

Afterwards

Glaurung stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen hoard until he went northeast to Brethil to assail Túrin and was killed by him at Cabed-en-Aras. Then, Mîm the Petty-dwarf settled there reclaiming his people's ancient home until he was killed by Húrin. The realm remained deserted for the rest of the First Age until the War of Wrath when it went down with the rest of Beleriand.

Etymology

From its first conception, the name Nargothrond means "Underground fortress on the river Narog". Its Petty-dwarvish name was Nulukkhizdîn (erronously spelled Nulukkizdîn in the published works).[1]

However, in his later life, Tolkien devised the Dwarvish name Nar(u)kathan instead, to which the Elves suffixed -rond, "vaulted dome".[2]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Nargothrond is referred as Hlydingaburg "City of the Hlydingas" or Stangaldor(burg).[3]

See also

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Siege of Angband (Chapter 10)"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 47
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"