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Nargothrond

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{{kingdom
 
{{kingdom
| image =
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| image=[[File:Jonathan Guzi - Nargothrond.jpg|250px]]
| name = Nargothrond
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| name=Nargothrond
| meaning =  
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| pronun=
| type =  
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| othernames=
| headofstate = King of Nargothrond
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| location=[[West Beleriand]]
| executive =  
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| capital=Nargothrond
| legislative =  
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| towns=
| judicial =  
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| regions=[[Taur-en-Faroth]], [[Talath Dirnen]], [[Tumhalad]]
| capital = Nargothrond
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| population=[[Elves of Nargothrond]]
| language = Sindarin
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| language=[[Quenya]] and [[Sindarin]]
| location = The meeting of the rivers [[Ringwil]] and [[Narog]], beneath the [[High Faroth]]
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| govern1=[[Finrod]]
| populace= Noldorin elves
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| govern2=Later [[Orodreth]]
| currency =  
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| govern3=
| religious =  
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| currency=
| holiday =  
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| holiday=
| anthem =  
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| precededby=[[Nulukkizdîn]]
| formed = {{FA|52}}
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| event1=Founded
| established =  
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| event1date={{FA|52}}
| reorganized =  
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| event2=Completed
| fragmented =  
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| event2date=c. {{FA|102}}
| dissolved = {{FA|495}}
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| event3=Destroyed
| restored =  
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| event3date={{FA|495}}
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| event4=
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| event4date=
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| event5=
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| event5date=
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| followedby=
 
}}
 
}}
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'''Nargothrond''' was the stronghold built by [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]] which delved into the banks of the river [[Narog]] in [[Beleriand]]. 
  
'''Nargothrond''' was the stronghold built by [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]] which delved into the banks of the river [[Narog]] in [[Beleriand]].  This was the base of Felagund's realm that included the surrounding hills of [[Taur-en-Faroth]] and the [[Talath Dirnen]] to the north.
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Nargothrond was the capital of the '''realm of Nargothrond'''<Ref group=note>The name appears only in the map accompanying ''[[The Silmarillion]]''. In the text, the realm is mentioned with miniscule letters.</ref> between [[Nenning]], Narog and [[Teiglin]], including the surrounding hills of [[Taur-en-Faroth]] and the [[Talath Dirnen]] to the north, as well as [[Tumhalad]]. Finrod was the overlord of all the [[Elves]] in the [[West Beleriand]], except the [[Falathrim]].<ref>{{S|Realms}}</ref><ref>{{S|Map}}</ref>
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Creation===
 
===Creation===
On the western bank of the river [[Narog]], beneath the forested hills of Taur-en-Faroth, the Caverns of Narog were first known as [[Nulukkizdîn]], secretly inhabited by the [[Petty-dwarves]] before they were driven out.<ref>{{S|Doriath}}</ref>
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On the western bank of the river [[Narog]], beneath the forested hills of Taur-en-Faroth, the Caverns of Narog were first known as [[Nulukkizdîn]], secretly inhabited by the [[Petty-dwarves]] before they were driven out.<ref>{{S|Doriath}}</ref> What became of the Petty-Dwarves at this time is not recorded, but at least some escaped to dwell in [[Amon Rûdh]].<ref>{{CH|7}}</ref>
  
After the return of the [[Noldor]] to [[Middle-earth]], King [[Thingol]] described the Caverns to his kinsman [[Finrod]]. Inspired by [[Menegroth]] in [[Doriath]], and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of [[Morgoth]], Finrod chose those caves to build his great underground fortress, and established Nargothrond. He was aided by the [[Dwarves]] of the [[Ered Luin]], who also made for him the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves and gave him his famous surname, ''Felagund'', Hewer of Caves. Finrod rewarded them with treasures he brought from [[Tirion]].<ref name=return>{{S|Return}}</ref>
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[[File:J.R.R. Tolkien - Nargothrond (II) (Colored by H.E. Riddett).jpg|left|thumb|[[J.R.R. Tolkien]] (Colors by [[H.E. Riddett]]) - ''Nargothrond'']]
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 +
After the return of the [[Noldor]] to [[Middle-earth]], King [[Thingol]] described the Caverns to his kinsman [[Finrod]]. Inspired by [[Menegroth]] in [[Doriath]], and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of [[Morgoth]], Finrod chose those caves to build his great underground fortress, and established Nargothrond. He was aided by the [[Dwarves]] of the [[Ered Luin]], who also made for him the [[Nauglamír]], the Necklace of the Dwarves and gave him his famous epithet, ''Felagund'', Hewer of Caves. Finrod rewarded them with treasures he brought from [[Tirion]].<ref name=return>{{S|Return}}</ref>
 +
 
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Finrod also raised an artificial hill, [[Amon Ethir]], a league far from the gates of Nargothrond.<ref>{{S|Turin}}</ref>
  
What became of the Petty-Dwarves at this time is not recorded, but at least some escaped to dwell in [[Amon Rûdh]].<ref>{{CH|7}}</ref>
 
 
===Days of Power===
 
===Days of Power===
  
Line 44: Line 53:
  
 
===Afterwards===
 
===Afterwards===
[[Glaurung]] stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen hoard until he went northeast to [[Brethil]] to assail Túrin and was killed by him at [[Cabed-en-Aras]].  Then, [[Mîm]] the Petty-dwarf settled there reclaiming his people's ancient home until he was killed by [[Húrin]]. The realm remained deserted for the rest of the First Age until the [[War of Wrath]] when it went down with the rest of Beleriand.
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[[Glaurung]] stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen hoard until he went northeast to [[Brethil]] to assail Túrin and was killed by him at [[Cabed-en-Aras]].  Then, [[Mîm]] the Petty-dwarf settled there reclaiming his people's ancient home until he was killed by [[Húrin]]. Húrin entered the dark caves where the treasures Finrod brought from [[Valinor]] still lay there, but he brought out the [[Nauglamir]].<ref>{{S|Doriath}}</ref>
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The realm remained deserted for the rest of the First Age until the [[War of Wrath]] when it went down with the rest of Beleriand.
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
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* [[:Category:Images of Nargothrond|Images of Nargothrond]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Nargothrond|Images of Nargothrond]]
  
{{references}}
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{{references|note}}
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Beleriand]]
 
[[Category:Caves]]
 
[[Category:Caves]]
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[[Category:Elven realms]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin locations]]
 
[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
 
[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]

Revision as of 08:47, 9 June 2019

Jonathan Guzi - Nargothrond.jpg
Nargothrond
General information
LocationWest Beleriand
CapitalNargothrond
RegionsTaur-en-Faroth, Talath Dirnen, Tumhalad
People
PopulationElves of Nargothrond
LanguageQuenya and Sindarin
GovernanceFinrod
Later Orodreth
History
Preceded byNulukkizdîn
FoundedF.A. 52
Completedc. F.A. 102
DestroyedF.A. 495

Nargothrond was the stronghold built by Finrod Felagund which delved into the banks of the river Narog in Beleriand.

Nargothrond was the capital of the realm of Nargothrond[note 1] between Nenning, Narog and Teiglin, including the surrounding hills of Taur-en-Faroth and the Talath Dirnen to the north, as well as Tumhalad. Finrod was the overlord of all the Elves in the West Beleriand, except the Falathrim.[1][2]

Contents

History

Creation

On the western bank of the river Narog, beneath the forested hills of Taur-en-Faroth, the Caverns of Narog were first known as Nulukkizdîn, secretly inhabited by the Petty-dwarves before they were driven out.[3] What became of the Petty-Dwarves at this time is not recorded, but at least some escaped to dwell in Amon Rûdh.[4]

J.R.R. Tolkien (Colors by H.E. Riddett) - Nargothrond

After the return of the Noldor to Middle-earth, King Thingol described the Caverns to his kinsman Finrod. Inspired by Menegroth in Doriath, and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of Morgoth, Finrod chose those caves to build his great underground fortress, and established Nargothrond. He was aided by the Dwarves of the Ered Luin, who also made for him the Nauglamír, the Necklace of the Dwarves and gave him his famous epithet, Felagund, Hewer of Caves. Finrod rewarded them with treasures he brought from Tirion.[5]

Finrod also raised an artificial hill, Amon Ethir, a league far from the gates of Nargothrond.[6]

Days of Power

Finrod ruled Nargothrond until he joined Beren in his quest for the Silmaril and handed rule to Orodreth. However, since the Dagor Bragollach Celegorm and Curufin, the sons of Fëanor, were defeated and retreated to Nargothrond where they were received as one of them. Although the city grew stronger because of this, the influence of the sons of Feänor became higher. Celegorm and Curufin lived in Nargothrond at the time Finrod departed with Beren and were more powerful than Orodreth until Finrod's death was reported, at which time they were exiled.

Fall

Elena Kukanova - Nargothrond - Turin and Finduilas

(Main article: Fall of Nargothrond)

Túrin Turambar later came to Nargothrond and became one of its chief fighters, but he also persuaded the people to fight openly against Morgoth (the bridge was built at this time), which eventually led to its sack by the army of the dragon Glaurung.

Afterwards

Glaurung stayed there for about five more years guarding his stolen hoard until he went northeast to Brethil to assail Túrin and was killed by him at Cabed-en-Aras. Then, Mîm the Petty-dwarf settled there reclaiming his people's ancient home until he was killed by Húrin. Húrin entered the dark caves where the treasures Finrod brought from Valinor still lay there, but he brought out the Nauglamir.[7]

The realm remained deserted for the rest of the First Age until the War of Wrath when it went down with the rest of Beleriand.

Etymology

From its first conception, the name Nargothrond means "Underground fortress on the river Narog". Its Petty-dwarvish name was Nulukkhizdîn (erronously spelled Nulukkizdîn in the published works).[8]

However, in his later life, Tolkien devised the Dwarvish name Nar(u)kathan instead, to which the Elves suffixed -rond, "vaulted dome".[9]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Nargothrond is referred as Hlydingaburg "City of the Hlydingas" or Stangaldor(burg).[10]

See also

Notes

  1. The name appears only in the map accompanying The Silmarillion. In the text, the realm is mentioned with miniscule letters.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Children of Húrin, "Of Mîm the Dwarf"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Return of the Noldor"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of Túrin Turambar"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Siege of Angband (Chapter 10)"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 47
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"