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Negation in Quenya

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Negation in Quenya is the title of an article by Bill Welden, published in Vinyar Tengwar 42 (2001; pp. 32-4).

Welden addresses the issue of how to express negation in Quenya by quoting from several unpublished manuscripts by J.R.R. Tolkien:


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bill Welden, "Negation in Quenya", in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 42, July 2001
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 145
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, p. 30 (note 44)