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North Downs

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A range of hills in the north of [[Middle-earth]], at the south end of which lay [[Fornost Erain]], ancient city of the [[Dúnedain]].
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{{location
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| image=[[Image:Matěj Čadil - North Downs.jpg|250px]]
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| name=North Downs
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| othernames=
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| etymology=
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| type=Hills
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| location=Central [[Eriador]], east of the [[Hills of Evendim]], north of the [[Weather Hills]]
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| inhabitants=[[Men]]
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| realms=[[Arnor]]<br/>[[Arthedain]]<br/>[[Reunited Kingdom]]
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| description=A set of hills where Fornost was established
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| events=[[Fall of Fornost]], [[Battle of Fornost]]
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| references=
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|}}
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The '''North Downs''' were a range of hills in the northern part of [[Eriador]], east of the [[Hills of Evendim]] and north of the [[Weather Hills]].  From their northernmost point the hills extended in a southwesterly direction.  At the southern end was [[Fornost Erain]], the ancient city of the [[Dúnedain of the North]], and the northern terminus of the [[North-South Road]].<ref>{{UT|Map}}</ref>
  
[[category:Hills]]
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==History==
[[category:Eriador]]
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In the year {{SA|600}} [[Vëantur]] first returned to [[Middle-earth]] from [[Númenor]].<ref>{{UT|Numenor}}</ref>  Upon hearing that some of their distant kin had come, men living in Eriador petitioned [[Gil-galad]] to meet the mariners.  Twelve men came and rejoiced to meet the Númenóreans; these men came from about [[Lake Evendim]], the North Downs, and the Weather Hills.<ref>{{UT|Wife}}, Note 3</ref>
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When the kingdom of [[Arnor]] was established in {{SA|3320}}<ref>{{App|SA}}</ref> the North Downs were incorporated into the realm.<ref>{{App|Eriador}}</ref>  When Arnor was divided in {{TA|861}}<ref name="TA">{{App|TA}}</ref> the frontier between [[Arthedain]] and [[Rhudaur]] was the Weather Hills;<ref name="North">{{App|Eriador}}, ''The North-kingdom and the Dúnedain''</ref> this frontier may have extended along the eastern edge of the North Downs.
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In {{TA|1974|n}} before the end of winter the [[Witch-king]] came down from [[Angmar]] and [[Fall of Fornost|captured Fornost]].  King [[Arvedui]] held out on the North Downs until he and some of his guard were driven to the north.<ref name="North"/>  Arriving late, [[Eärnur]] answered a summons from Arvedui in {{TA|1975|n}} with a massive fleet from [[Gondor]].  This fleet disgorged a mighty host which marched eastward.  Unaware of his peril the Witch-king marched out to meet the combined army of [[Elves]] and [[Men]] in the plains between the Hills of Evendim and the North Downs.  In the ensuing [[Battle of Fornost]] the forces of Angmar were routed and then destroyed, although the Witch-king himself escaped.<ref>{{App|Gondor}}</ref>
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Although the kingdom of Angmar had been defeated and destroyed, so too had Arthedain come to an end.  Fornost was abandoned and became a place of fear, acquiring the name Deadmen's Dike.<ref>{{FR|II2}}</ref>  Other than visits by [[Rangers of the North]], the North Downs remained uninhabited for the remainder of the [[Third Age]].  In the [[Fourth Age]] though men may have returned to the North Downs; most likely [[Aragorn|King Elessar]] visited Fornost when he came north to dwell by Lake Evendim for awhile in {{FoA|15}}.<ref>{{App|Later}}</ref>
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== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
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[[File:Map - North Downs.jpg|thumb|left|Map of the North Downs from ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]''.]]
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'''2007: ''[[The Lord of the Rings Online]]'':'''
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:The North Downs is one of the major regions of the game and one of the largest to date. North from [[Bree-land]] the [[Greenway]] is leading to [[Fornost Erain]] in the north-western corner of the map. Major towns are '''Trestlebridge''', a small town of men from Bree, '''Esteldín''', an [[Arnor]]ian ruin inhabited by [[Rangers of the North|Dúnedain Rangers]], and '''Othrikar''', a mining outpost of the [[Longbeards]].
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: As of fall of {{TA|3018}} the North Downs is in the state of war, as a new power in [[Angmar]] is sending its minions south. '''Nan Wathren''' is a rocky valley occupied by Orcs besieging Trestlebridge, the farms of '''Annundir''' have been ravaged by [[Goblins]], [[Dourhands]] roam the '''Nan Amlug''', but the biggest threat of all is an entire army of Orcs, Wargs and Trolls gathering its strength in '''Dol Dinen'''.
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{{references}}
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[[Category:Hills]]
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[[Category:Eriador]]
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[[Category:Arnor]]
 
[[de:Nördliche Höhen]]
 
[[de:Nördliche Höhen]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/eriador/hauts_du_nord]]
 
[[fr:encyclo/geographie/reliefs/eriador/hauts_du_nord]]
 
[[fi:Pohjanylänkö]]
 
[[fi:Pohjanylänkö]]

Revision as of 18:12, 23 November 2012

Matěj Čadil - North Downs.jpg
North Downs
Physical Description
TypeHills
LocationCentral Eriador, east of the Hills of Evendim, north of the Weather Hills
RealmsArnor
Arthedain
Reunited Kingdom
InhabitantsMen
DescriptionA set of hills where Fornost was established
General Information
EventsFall of Fornost, Battle of Fornost

The North Downs were a range of hills in the northern part of Eriador, east of the Hills of Evendim and north of the Weather Hills. From their northernmost point the hills extended in a southwesterly direction. At the southern end was Fornost Erain, the ancient city of the Dúnedain of the North, and the northern terminus of the North-South Road.[1]

History

In the year S.A. 600 Vëantur first returned to Middle-earth from Númenor.[2] Upon hearing that some of their distant kin had come, men living in Eriador petitioned Gil-galad to meet the mariners. Twelve men came and rejoiced to meet the Númenóreans; these men came from about Lake Evendim, the North Downs, and the Weather Hills.[3]

When the kingdom of Arnor was established in S.A. 3320[4] the North Downs were incorporated into the realm.[5] When Arnor was divided in T.A. 861[6] the frontier between Arthedain and Rhudaur was the Weather Hills;[7] this frontier may have extended along the eastern edge of the North Downs.

In 1974 before the end of winter the Witch-king came down from Angmar and captured Fornost. King Arvedui held out on the North Downs until he and some of his guard were driven to the north.[7] Arriving late, Eärnur answered a summons from Arvedui in 1975 with a massive fleet from Gondor. This fleet disgorged a mighty host which marched eastward. Unaware of his peril the Witch-king marched out to meet the combined army of Elves and Men in the plains between the Hills of Evendim and the North Downs. In the ensuing Battle of Fornost the forces of Angmar were routed and then destroyed, although the Witch-king himself escaped.[8]

Although the kingdom of Angmar had been defeated and destroyed, so too had Arthedain come to an end. Fornost was abandoned and became a place of fear, acquiring the name Deadmen's Dike.[9] Other than visits by Rangers of the North, the North Downs remained uninhabited for the remainder of the Third Age. In the Fourth Age though men may have returned to the North Downs; most likely King Elessar visited Fornost when he came north to dwell by Lake Evendim for awhile in Fo.A. 15.[10]

Portrayal in Adaptations

Map of the North Downs from The Lord of the Rings Online.

2007: The Lord of the Rings Online:

The North Downs is one of the major regions of the game and one of the largest to date. North from Bree-land the Greenway is leading to Fornost Erain in the north-western corner of the map. Major towns are Trestlebridge, a small town of men from Bree, Esteldín, an Arnorian ruin inhabited by Dúnedain Rangers, and Othrikar, a mining outpost of the Longbeards.
As of fall of T.A. 3018 the North Downs is in the state of war, as a new power in Angmar is sending its minions south. Nan Wathren is a rocky valley occupied by Orcs besieging Trestlebridge, the farms of Annundir have been ravaged by Goblins, Dourhands roam the Nan Amlug, but the biggest threat of all is an entire army of Orcs, Wargs and Trolls gathering its strength in Dol Dinen.

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age" [map]
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife", Note 3
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age"
  7. 7.0 7.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur", The North-kingdom and the Dúnedain
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, "The Council of Elrond"
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "Later Events Concerning the Members of the Fellowship of the Ring"