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Nulukkizdîn

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{{quote|...before the proud ones came from over the Sea, Dwarves delved the halls of Nulukkizdîn.|[[Mîm]]}}
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{{kingdom
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| image =
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| name = Nulukkizdîn
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| meaning =
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| type = City-state
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| headofstate =
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| executive =
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| legislative =
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| judicial =
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| capital =
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| language = [[Khuzdul]], Petty-dwarvish
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| location = At the confluence of the [[Ringwil]] and the [[Narog]]
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| populace= [[Petty-dwarves]]
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| currency =
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| religious =
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| holiday =
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| anthem =
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| formed =
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| established =
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| reorganized =
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| fragmented =
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| dissolved = Somewhere between {{FA|1}} and {{FA|52}}
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| restored = Briefly around {{FA|500}}
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}}
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{{quote|...before the proud ones came from over the Sea, Dwarves delved the halls of Nulukkizdîn.|[[Mîm]]<ref name="S22">{{S|22}}</ref>}}
  
'''Nulukkizdîn''' was a mansion of the [[Petty-dwarves]], carved out of the rocks beside the river [[Narog]] in [[West Beleriand]]. When the [[Noldor]] returned to [[Beleriand]], the [[Dwarves]] lost their ancient home, and [[Finrod Felagund]] founded [[Nargothrond]] in its place. Centuries later, when Nargothrond in its turn had been overthrown, the last of the Petty-dwarves returned here to reclaim Nulukkizdîn. This was [[Mîm]], the betrayer of [[Túrin]], and he was slain among the ruins by Túrin's father Húrin.
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'''Nulukkizdîn''' or '''Nulukkhizdīn''' was a hall of the [[Petty-dwarves]] on the river [[Narog]].
  
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==History==
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Nulukkizdîn was delved by Dwarves before the [[Elves]] were exiled from [[Valinor]]. Over the years, its population waned, and others were hunted to near-extinction by the Elves, who were unfamiliar with the Petty-dwarves. Nulukkizdîn was eventaly abandoned, and repopulated by Elves. [[Finrod|Finrod Felagund]] founded [[Nargothrond]] in its stead. After Nargothrond fell to [[Glaurung]], the last Petty-dwarf, [[Mîm]], reclaimed it, but he was slain by [[Húrin]].<ref name="S22"/>
  
Curiously, it seems that the name Nulukkizdîn given in [[The Silmarillion]] may not be as [[Tolkien]] intended. The original manuscripts give variations on the name 'Nulukhizidûn', and in volume 11 of [[The History of Middle-earth]] [[Christopher Tolkien]] confirms that the published 'Nulukkizdîn' is, strictly speaking, a misspelling.  
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==Etymology==
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Tolkien provided no translations of either '''Nulukkizdîn''' or '''Nulukkhizdīn'''. The last element is usually believed to be the [[Khuzdul]] root for "Dwarf", Kh-Z-D.<ref name="Ardalambion">[[Helge Fauskanger]], "[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/khuzdul.htm Khuzdul]", published at ''[[Ardalambion]]''</ref> Whether this is a true Khuzdul word or a Petty-dwarvish dialect is unknown, but circumstantial evidence points to the latter option. The [[Angerthas Daeron]] and its specific Dwarven variation [[Angerthas Moria]], do not have a symbol for the letter ''Î''.<ref name="Angerthas">{{App|E2ii}}</ref> Other than in ''Nulukkizdîn'', it only appears in ''[[Khîm]]'' and ''Mîm'',<ref name="Ardalambion"/> the names of two Petty-dwarves.
  
[[Category:Cities]]
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==Other versions of the Legendarium==
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In ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', the name is spelled ''Nulukkizdîn''; however, [[Christopher Tolkien]] has noted that in the original manuscript, his father used the spelling '''Nulukkhizdīn'''. It replaced an earlier spelling '''Nulukkhizidûn'''.<ref>{{HM|WJ}}, "[[The Later Quenta Silmarillion]]", "Of the Siege of Angband"</ref>
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Tolkien's later notes on the origin of Nargothrond give a different Dwarvish name, '''Nar(u)kuthûn''', derived from a Dwarvish name of the [[Narog]], *''[[Naruka]]''. Tolkien includes the words "of Petty-dwarves" between parentheses behind the mention of its Dwarvish origin.<ref name="PE17">{{PE|17}}, page 47</ref> Whether Tolkien ever intended to replace ''Nulukkhizdīn'' with ''Nar(u)kuthûn'' is unknown.
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{{references}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Nulukkizdin}}
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[[Category:Khuzdul words]]
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[[Category:Cities, towns and villages]]
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[[Category:Dwarven realms]]

Latest revision as of 05:24, 29 December 2012

Nulukkizdîn
Political information
GovernmentCity-state
Societal information
LanguageKhuzdul, Petty-dwarvish
LocationAt the confluence of the Ringwil and the Narog
PopulacePetty-dwarves
Historical information
DissolutionSomewhere between F.A. 1 and F.A. 52
RestorationBriefly around F.A. 500
"...before the proud ones came from over the Sea, Dwarves delved the halls of Nulukkizdîn."
Mîm[1]

Nulukkizdîn or Nulukkhizdīn was a hall of the Petty-dwarves on the river Narog.

Contents

[edit] History

Nulukkizdîn was delved by Dwarves before the Elves were exiled from Valinor. Over the years, its population waned, and others were hunted to near-extinction by the Elves, who were unfamiliar with the Petty-dwarves. Nulukkizdîn was eventaly abandoned, and repopulated by Elves. Finrod Felagund founded Nargothrond in its stead. After Nargothrond fell to Glaurung, the last Petty-dwarf, Mîm, reclaimed it, but he was slain by Húrin.[1]

[edit] Etymology

Tolkien provided no translations of either Nulukkizdîn or Nulukkhizdīn. The last element is usually believed to be the Khuzdul root for "Dwarf", Kh-Z-D.[2] Whether this is a true Khuzdul word or a Petty-dwarvish dialect is unknown, but circumstantial evidence points to the latter option. The Angerthas Daeron and its specific Dwarven variation Angerthas Moria, do not have a symbol for the letter Î.[3] Other than in Nulukkizdîn, it only appears in Khîm and Mîm,[2] the names of two Petty-dwarves.

[edit] Other versions of the Legendarium

In The Silmarillion, the name is spelled Nulukkizdîn; however, Christopher Tolkien has noted that in the original manuscript, his father used the spelling Nulukkhizdīn. It replaced an earlier spelling Nulukkhizidûn.[4]

Tolkien's later notes on the origin of Nargothrond give a different Dwarvish name, Nar(u)kuthûn, derived from a Dwarvish name of the Narog, *Naruka. Tolkien includes the words "of Petty-dwarves" between parentheses behind the mention of its Dwarvish origin.[5] Whether Tolkien ever intended to replace Nulukkhizdīn with Nar(u)kuthûn is unknown.

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  2. 2.0 2.1 Helge Fauskanger, "Khuzdul", published at Ardalambion
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing", "The Cirth"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Later Quenta Silmarillion", "Of the Siege of Angband"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), page 47