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NO is a Primitive Quendian root. ON/NO (or ONO/NŌ) signifies "beget/be born". (or NO) signifies "generation, people, folk, large group regarded as of common ancestry".[1]

While ONO shortly is explained as signifying "beget, give birth to", a longer signification is given as "family, tribe or group having a common ancestry, the land or region in which they dwelt".[2] The latter signification shows the blending with NDOR/DORO.[1][2]


  • Quenya: onta ("beget"); nosta ("be begotten"); onwe, onna ("child")[1]

Other versions


In the Etymologies appear the related roots NŌ- and ONO, both signifying "beget". From these roots derive:[3]

"...there is much else that may be told." — Glóin
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In the Qenya Lexicon appears the root NŌ-, signifying "become, be born".[4]


Also in the Qenya Lexicon appears the root NŌ-, NOWO? (NONO?), signifying "ahead, in front; after, of time; tomorrow" (one of the derivatives is Qenya nuo "tomorrow").[4] Patrick H. Wynne therefore connects this early root to the late Quenya word noa ("tomorrow" or "yesterday").[5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 26, 168, 170-171 (root appearing as "ON/NO", "√ONO/NŌ", "NO; NŌ." and "√NŌ")
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar", pp. 387, 413 (root appears as "*ONO")
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", pp. 378-379
  4. 4.0 4.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenyaqetsa: The Qenya Phonology and Lexicon", in Parma Eldalamberon XII (edited by Carl F. Hostetter, Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 66
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Three" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 49, June 2007, p. 34 (note 23)