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Okamnar

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'''''ocamnar''''' is a [[Quenya]] word meaning "diphthong".<ref>[[Vinyar Tengwar 44]]</ref>
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'''''okamnar''''' is a [[Qenya]] word meaning "diphthongs".<ref>{{PE|18}}, p. 32</ref>
  
It is not know if it is the singular or the plural. If it is the plural, the singular is *''ocamna''. If it is the singular, the plural would be *''ocamnari''
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The singular form "diphthong" is ''okamna''.<ref name=VT44>{{VT|44a}}, p. 13</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The word comes from a possible the [[PQ]] [[Sundocarmë|Root]] *KAM and contains the prefix ''[[o-]]''
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The word comes from a [[PQ]] [[Sundocarmë|Root]] KAM "bind, join"<ref name=VT44/> and contains the prefix ''[[o-]]''.<ref>{{VT|44a}}, p. 14</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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==Other versions==
 
==Other versions==
An earlier version of the word is ''osamnar/samnar'' from a root [[SAM]].<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, '''SAM'''</ref> Since [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] updated the word, that root would also retroactively be *KAM
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Earlier versions of the word in different sources are ''osamnar'' (sg.) or ''samnar'' (pl.) from a root [[SAM]] "unite, join".<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, '''SAM'''</ref> Both ''osamnar/samnar'' and revised ''okamnar'' date from the late 1930s,<ref name=VT44/> with [[Quenya]] ''[[ohlon]]'' "diphthong" (pl. ''ohloni'') from c. 1959-60.<ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 9</ref><ref>{{VT|48a}}, p. 29</ref> Tolkien created ''okamna'' in a note where he decided to delete SAM (and therefore ''osamnar''), replacing it with KAM.<ref name=VT44/>
  
{{References}}
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{{references}}
 
{{title|lowercase}}
 
{{title|lowercase}}
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Linguistic terms]]
 
[[Category:Linguistic terms]]

Latest revision as of 06:14, 13 July 2015

okamnar is a Qenya word meaning "diphthongs".[1]

The singular form "diphthong" is okamna.[2]

[edit] Etymology

The word comes from a PQ Root KAM "bind, join"[2] and contains the prefix o-.[3]

[edit] See also

[edit] Other versions

Earlier versions of the word in different sources are osamnar (sg.) or samnar (pl.) from a root SAM "unite, join".[4] Both osamnar/samnar and revised okamnar date from the late 1930s,[2] with Quenya ohlon "diphthong" (pl. ohloni) from c. 1959-60.[5][6] Tolkien created okamna in a note where he decided to delete SAM (and therefore osamnar), replacing it with KAM.[2]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Tengwesta Qenderinwa and Pre-Fëanorian Alphabets Part 2", in Parma Eldalamberon XVIII (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 32
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, "'Words of Joy': Five Catholic Prayers in Quenya — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne, Arden R. Smith, and Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 44, June 2002, p. 13
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, "'Words of Joy': Five Catholic Prayers in Quenya — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne, Arden R. Smith, and Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 44, June 2002, p. 14
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", SAM
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998, p. 9
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part Two" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 48, December 2005, p. 29