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Ondoher

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{{royalty infobox
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{{gondorian infobox
 
| image=
 
| image=
| name= Ondoher
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| name=Ondoher
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| pronun=
 
| othernames=
 
| othernames=
| birth= III 1787
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| titles=[[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
| rule= III 1936
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| position=
| death= III 1944
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| location=[[Gondor]]
| age= 157
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| affiliation=
| realms= [[Gondor]], [[Arnor]]
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| language=[[Westron]]
| race=[[Men]]
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| birth={{TA|1787}}
 +
| birthlocation=
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| rule={{TA|1936}} - {{TA|1944|n}} (8 years)
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| death={{TA|1944}}
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| deathlocation=[[Disaster of the Morannon]]
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| age=157
 +
| notablefor=
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| house=[[House of Anárion]]
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| parentage=[[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]]
 +
| siblings=Unnamed sister
 +
| spouse=
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| children=[[Artamir]], [[Faramir (son of Ondoher)|Faramir]] and [[Fíriel]]
 
| gender=Male
 
| gender=Male
 
| height=
 
| height=
 
| hair=
 
| hair=
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
|}}
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| clothing=
'''Ondoher''' ([[Third Age]] 1787 – 1944, aged 157 years) succeeded his father [[Calimehtar, King of Gondor|Calimehtar]] in the year 1936 as the thirty-first King of [[Gondor]]. His daughter [[Fíriel]] married Prince [[Arvedui]] of [[Arthedain]].
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| weapons=
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| steed=
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}}
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'''Ondoher''' ({{TA|1787}}<ref name="Elendil">{{PM|Elendil}}</ref> {{TA|1944|n}},<ref name="South">{{App|South}}</ref> aged 157 years) was the thirty-first [[King of Gondor]].
  
In 1944 Third Age the [[Wainriders]] invaded Gondor from the east while their allies, the [[Haradrim]] invaded Gondor from the south. Ondoher and his eldest son Artamir led the main army close to the [[Black Gate]] where they clashed with the Wainriders. The left wing of Ondoher's army was commanded by Adrahil, the Prince of [[Dol Amroth]]. The right wing was commanded by Minothar, the captain of Gondor's armies. The center was commanded by Ondoher himself.
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==History==
 +
===Renewing Old Ties===
 +
Ondoher became King in {{TA|1936}} upon the death of his father, [[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]].<ref name="South"/>  During his reign, and that of [[Araphant]] of [[Arthedain]], the long-estranged kingdoms of the [[Dúnedain]] took counsel again, for they finally perceived that some single will and power was coordinating the multiple assaults upon their kingdoms. In a sign of their renewed relationship, Ondoher's daughter [[Fíriel]] married Prince [[Arvedui]] of [[Arthedain]] in {{TA|1940|n}}.<ref name="Gondor">{{App|Gondor}}</ref>
  
In the ensuing battle Ondoher was slain together with his eldest son and heir [[Artamir]], and Gondor defeated.
 
The rearguard of the army defended [[Ithilien]] while Adrahil got help from General Eärnil who had defeated the [[Haradrim]].
 
  
Although Eärnil finally defeated the Wainriders it was learned that Ondoher's second son [[Faramir son of Ondoher|Faramir]] was slain with his father while law required that at least one heir was left behind.  
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However, neither kingdom could aid the other when new evils set upon them - in the North [[Angmar]] attacked Arthedain while in the South the [[Wainriders]] struck in great force.  Ondoher was not taken unaware by the renewed assault for [[Forthwini]] of [[Éothéod]] had informed the King that the Wainriders had recovered from their fears and weaknesses.  Ondoher also learned that Gondor's southern enemies were preparing to attack.  He raised as great an army as he could to meet the double threat.
  
No-one with a valid claim to the throne could be found, and Arvedui of Arthedain claimed the throne. Although Arvedui had a strong claim by his way of his wife Fíriel, who by ancient [[Númenórean]] law now should have become Ruling Queen, the throne was granted by Steward [[Pelendur]] to the general Eärnil, who would reign as King [[Eärnil II]].
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Ondoher divided his strength into two armies, assigning the smaller [[Southern Army]] to [[Eärnil II|Eärnil]], a member of the Royal House descended from King [[Telumehtar Umbardacil|Telumehtar]].  This army was based at [[Pelargir]] while Ondoher took command of the larger [[Northern Army]] himself, which included his elder son [[Artamir]].  This arrangement was acceptable provided that an undisputed heir to the throne was left behind, in this case Ondoher's younger son, [[Faramir (son of Ondoher)|Faramir]].
 +
 
 +
===The Deaths of Ondoher and His Sons===
 +
In {{TA|1944}} the enemies of [[Gondor]] made a double assault: First the [[Haradrim]] invaded from the south and then a few days later word came of the [[Wainriders]] invading from the east.  While Ëarnil moved to deal with the southern incursion the northern army headed north through [[Ithilien]], planning to deploy upon the [[Dagorlad]].  Unfortunately, the Wainriders moved faster than expected along the outskirts of the [[Ered Lithui]] and struck the head of Gondor's army before any defensive dispositions had been made.  Swiftly the enemy's chariots and horsemen overwhelmed the King's Guard, killing both Ondoher and Artamir.
 +
 
 +
King Ondoher's sister-son, [[Minohtar]] attempted to stem the onslaught of the Wainriders.  During the rout the [[leader of the Éothéod]] brought to Minohtar the body of Faramir, who had disguised himself in order to fight with a party of the Éothéod.  Soon Minohtar himself slain as the enemy poured into northern Ithilien.
 +
 
 +
==Selecting the Next King==
 +
The suddenness of their victory was the Wainriders' undoing.  Unbeknownst to them Eärnil had crushed the [[Haradrim]] and was racing north to aid the northern army.  His attack upon the feasting Wainriders, later known as the [[Battle of the Camp]], defeated the Wainriders and sent them reeling back into the East.<ref>{{UT|Cirion}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
With King Ondoher and both of his male heirs dead, Arvedui of Arthedain sought the throne of Gondor. Arvedui put forth two arguments in support of his claim: First, he was the direct descendant of [[Isildur]], whom Arvedui said had never relinquished his royalty in Gondor.  Second, his wife [[Fíriel]] was King Ondoher's daughter and by the ancient [[Númenóreans|Númenórean]] law the sceptre should have been hers.  But Arvedui's claim was rejected by the Steward [[Pelendur]] and the Council of Gondor.  The crown was granted to the victorious general Eärnil, of the royal [[House of Anárion]] who took the crown as King [[Eärnil II]].<ref name="Gondor"/>
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 +
== Genealogy ==
 +
{{familytree/start}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | | | | | | | | | |TLU| | | | | | | | |TLU=[[Telumehtar Umbardacil|Telumehtar]]<br/>Umbardacil}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|^|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| |}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | |NAR| | | | | | | | | | | | | |ARC|NAR=[[Narmacil II]]|ARC=[[Arciryas]]}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | | |!| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |!| |}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | |CAL| | | | | | | | | | | | | |CMM|CAL=[[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]]|CMM=[[Calimmacil]]}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | | |)|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|-|.| | | |!| |}}
 +
{{familytree| | | | |OND| | | | | |ARA| |SIS| |SIR|OND='''ONDOHER''' †|ARA=[[Araphant]]|SIS=Sister|SIR=[[Siriondil (son of Calimmacil)|Siriondil]]}}
 +
{{familytree| |,|-|-|-|+|-|-|-|.| | | |!| | | |!| | | |!| |}}
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{{familytree|ART| |FAR| |FIR|~|ARV| |MIN| |EAR|ART=[[Artamir]] †|FAR=[[Faramir (son of Ondoher)|Faramir]] †|FIR=[[Fíriel]]|ARV=[[Arvedui]]|MIN=[[Minohtar]] †|EAR=[[Eärnil II]]}}
 +
{{familytree/end}}
  
 
== Etymology ==
 
== Etymology ==
 
Ondoher means "Stone Lord" in [[Quenya]] (from ''[[ondo]]'' = "stone" and ''[[hér]]'' = "lord"), in reference to Gondor, the "Stone Land".
 
Ondoher means "Stone Lord" in [[Quenya]] (from ''[[ondo]]'' = "stone" and ''[[hér]]'' = "lord"), in reference to Gondor, the "Stone Land".
  
== Other Versions of the Legendarium ==
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The name "Ondoher" was spelled as ''Ondohir'' in early manuscripts, changed to ''Ondonir'' in a later manuscript, reverted to ''Ondohir'' in the first edition of ''[[The Return of the King]]'', and finally became ''Ondoher'' in the second edition.<ref name="Elendil"/>
Ondoher was spelled '''''Ondohir''''' in the first edition of ''[[The Return of the King]]''.
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{{sequence
+
{{references}}
|prev=[[Calimehtar, King of Gondor|Calimehtar]]
+
 
|next=[[Eärnil II]], 1 year later
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{{seq-start}}
|list=31st [[King of Gondor]]<br><code>III</code> 1936 – 1944
+
{{seq-head
 +
| race=gondorian
 +
| house=[[House of Anárion]]
 +
| born={{TA|1787}}
 +
| died={{TA|1944}}
 +
}}
 +
{{seq
 +
| prev=[[Calimehtar (King of Gondor)|Calimehtar]]
 +
| list=31st [[Kings of Gondor|King of Gondor]]
 +
| dates={{TA|1936}} - {{TA|1944|n}}
 +
| nvac=Vacant
 +
| next=Next held by:<br/>[[Eärnil II|Eärnil&nbsp;II]],&nbsp;1&nbsp;year&nbsp;later
 
}}
 
}}
 +
{{seq-end}}
 +
[[Category:Gondorians]]
 +
[[Category:House of Anárion]]
 +
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Rulers of Gondor]]
 +
[[de:Ondoher]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/hommes/3a/dunedain/gondoriens/ondoher]]
 +
[[fi:Ondoher]]

Latest revision as of 16:08, 29 December 2013

Ondoher
Gondorian
Biographical Information
TitlesKing of Gondor
LocationGondor
LanguageWestron
BirthT.A. 1787
RuleT.A. 1936 - 1944 (8 years)
DeathT.A. 1944 (aged 157)
Disaster of the Morannon
Family
HouseHouse of Anárion
ParentageCalimehtar
SiblingsUnnamed sister
ChildrenArtamir, Faramir and Fíriel
Physical Description
GenderMale

Ondoher (T.A. 1787[1]1944,[2] aged 157 years) was the thirty-first King of Gondor.

Contents

[edit] History

[edit] Renewing Old Ties

Ondoher became King in T.A. 1936 upon the death of his father, Calimehtar.[2] During his reign, and that of Araphant of Arthedain, the long-estranged kingdoms of the Dúnedain took counsel again, for they finally perceived that some single will and power was coordinating the multiple assaults upon their kingdoms. In a sign of their renewed relationship, Ondoher's daughter Fíriel married Prince Arvedui of Arthedain in 1940.[3]


However, neither kingdom could aid the other when new evils set upon them - in the North Angmar attacked Arthedain while in the South the Wainriders struck in great force. Ondoher was not taken unaware by the renewed assault for Forthwini of Éothéod had informed the King that the Wainriders had recovered from their fears and weaknesses. Ondoher also learned that Gondor's southern enemies were preparing to attack. He raised as great an army as he could to meet the double threat.

Ondoher divided his strength into two armies, assigning the smaller Southern Army to Eärnil, a member of the Royal House descended from King Telumehtar. This army was based at Pelargir while Ondoher took command of the larger Northern Army himself, which included his elder son Artamir. This arrangement was acceptable provided that an undisputed heir to the throne was left behind, in this case Ondoher's younger son, Faramir.

[edit] The Deaths of Ondoher and His Sons

In T.A. 1944 the enemies of Gondor made a double assault: First the Haradrim invaded from the south and then a few days later word came of the Wainriders invading from the east. While Ëarnil moved to deal with the southern incursion the northern army headed north through Ithilien, planning to deploy upon the Dagorlad. Unfortunately, the Wainriders moved faster than expected along the outskirts of the Ered Lithui and struck the head of Gondor's army before any defensive dispositions had been made. Swiftly the enemy's chariots and horsemen overwhelmed the King's Guard, killing both Ondoher and Artamir.

King Ondoher's sister-son, Minohtar attempted to stem the onslaught of the Wainriders. During the rout the leader of the Éothéod brought to Minohtar the body of Faramir, who had disguised himself in order to fight with a party of the Éothéod. Soon Minohtar himself slain as the enemy poured into northern Ithilien.

[edit] Selecting the Next King

The suddenness of their victory was the Wainriders' undoing. Unbeknownst to them Eärnil had crushed the Haradrim and was racing north to aid the northern army. His attack upon the feasting Wainriders, later known as the Battle of the Camp, defeated the Wainriders and sent them reeling back into the East.[4]

With King Ondoher and both of his male heirs dead, Arvedui of Arthedain sought the throne of Gondor. Arvedui put forth two arguments in support of his claim: First, he was the direct descendant of Isildur, whom Arvedui said had never relinquished his royalty in Gondor. Second, his wife Fíriel was King Ondoher's daughter and by the ancient Númenórean law the sceptre should have been hers. But Arvedui's claim was rejected by the Steward Pelendur and the Council of Gondor. The crown was granted to the victorious general Eärnil, of the royal House of Anárion who took the crown as King Eärnil II.[3]

[edit] Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Telumehtar
Umbardacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Narmacil II
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Arciryas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calimehtar
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Calimmacil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
ONDOHER
 
 
 
 
 
Araphant
 
Sister
 
Siriondil
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Artamir
 
Faramir
 
Fíriel
 
Arvedui
 
Minohtar
 
Eärnil II
 


[edit] Etymology

Ondoher means "Stone Lord" in Quenya (from ondo = "stone" and hér = "lord"), in reference to Gondor, the "Stone Land".

The name "Ondoher" was spelled as Ondohir in early manuscripts, changed to Ondonir in a later manuscript, reverted to Ondohir in the first edition of The Return of the King, and finally became Ondoher in the second edition.[1]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Heirs of Elendil"
  2. 2.0 2.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
Ondoher
House of Anárion
Born: T.A. 1787 Died: T.A. 1944
Preceded by:
Calimehtar
31st King of Gondor
T.A. 1936 - 1944
Vacant
Next held by:
Eärnil II, 1 year later