Tolkien Gateway

Orange Free State

(Difference between revisions)
m
 
(23 intermediate revisions by 5 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The '''Orange Free State''', now part of the '''Republic of South Africa''', is the country in which [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] was born. He lived there from his birth in [[1892]] until April [[1895]]. In [[1944]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] spent time there in a training camp of the Royal Air Force, during which he sent many letters to his father, and his father many to him. The main subjects in these letters were places of nostalgia, and chapters of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
+
{{expansion}}
 +
[[File:Orange-Freecountry-Flag-.png|thumb|200px|The flag of Orange Free State.]][[File:Orange-Freecountry-2-.png|thumb|200px|Orange Free State in [[1899]].]]'''Orange Free State''' (Dutch: ''Oranje-Vrijstaat'') was an independent [[wikipedia:Boer|Boer]] republic in southern Africa where [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] was born.
 +
 
 +
Originally founded as ''Transorangia'' (''Transoranje'') on 17 February 1854 by the ''Voortrekkers'' (Dutch for "pioneers"), former Dutch colonists of the Cape Colony. [[J.R.R. Tolkien]] was born there in [[1892]] as his father, [[Arthur Tolkien]], headed the [[Bloemfontein]] branch of a British bank, but returned to England with his mother at the age of three.  
 +
 
 +
During 1899 and 1902 the Orange Free Country and the [[wikipedia:South African Republic|South African Republic]], a Boer Republic in the current South-African provinces [[wikipedia:Gauteng|Gauteng]], [[wikipedia:Limpopo|Limpopo]] and [[wikipedia:Mpumalanga|Mpumalanga]], fought the Second Boer War with the [[wikipedia:British Empire|British Empire]]. In the [[wikipedia:Treaty of Vereeniging|Treaty of Vereeniging]] it was decided that Orange Free Country would become part of the British Empire as the '''Orange River Colony'''. In 1910 it joined the Union of South-Africa under its former name, Orange Free Country.
 +
 
 +
In [[1944]], [[Christopher Tolkien]] spent time in Free State Province, training for the Royal Air Force. During this stay he [[The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien|corresponded]] extensively with his father about the elder Tolkien's  reminiscences of South Africa, as well as newly written chapters of ''[[The Lord of the Rings]]''.
 +
 
 +
Today, the area of the former Orange Free State is now the '''[[wikipedia:Free State|Free State]]''' (Afrikaans: ''Vrystaat'') province of [[wikipedia:Republic of South Africa|South Africa]].
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
* {{WP|{{PAGENAME}}|{{PAGENAME}}}}
+
* {{WP|Orange Free State|{{PAGENAME}}}}
  
[[Category:Locations (real-world)]]
+
[[Category:Countries]]

Latest revision as of 15:07, 25 July 2011

"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
The flag of Orange Free State.
Orange Free State in 1899.
Orange Free State (Dutch: Oranje-Vrijstaat) was an independent Boer republic in southern Africa where J.R.R. Tolkien was born.

Originally founded as Transorangia (Transoranje) on 17 February 1854 by the Voortrekkers (Dutch for "pioneers"), former Dutch colonists of the Cape Colony. J.R.R. Tolkien was born there in 1892 as his father, Arthur Tolkien, headed the Bloemfontein branch of a British bank, but returned to England with his mother at the age of three.

During 1899 and 1902 the Orange Free Country and the South African Republic, a Boer Republic in the current South-African provinces Gauteng, Limpopo and Mpumalanga, fought the Second Boer War with the British Empire. In the Treaty of Vereeniging it was decided that Orange Free Country would become part of the British Empire as the Orange River Colony. In 1910 it joined the Union of South-Africa under its former name, Orange Free Country.

In 1944, Christopher Tolkien spent time in Free State Province, training for the Royal Air Force. During this stay he corresponded extensively with his father about the elder Tolkien's reminiscences of South Africa, as well as newly written chapters of The Lord of the Rings.

Today, the area of the former Orange Free State is now the Free State (Afrikaans: Vrystaat) province of South Africa.

[edit] External links