Orcrist was the sword of the leader of Durin's folk, Thorin. It had a fancy scabbard and a jeweled hilt. Thorin obtained the weapon when he and his company searched the trolls' cave early in the quest of Erebor.
Goblins called the blade Biter. It had been crafted by the Elves, who not only made it a valuable weapon, but also a feared one, particularly among traditional enemies of the Elves: Orcs and other evil creatures of Middle-earth. Like Glamdring and Sting, the blade could detect the presence of Orcs and warn its bearer by glowing blue.
As the "mate" to King Turgon's sword Glamdring, Orcrist was likely borne by a high ranking lord in the King's entourage.
Since Maeglin presumably still had his father's sword, Anguirel, it was not his. Duilin bore a bow, while Galdor carried a club and Rog a mace. Tuor seems to have come to Gondolin after Glamdring had been forged, and if this was the mate it should have been forged before his arrival as well. In any case, Tuor bore an axe, not a sword.Glorfindel died outside of the city; Egalmoth wielded a curved-blade, most likely a falchion; in any case, Orcist was not curved and Egalmoth survived during the Fall of Gondolin. Salgant was a lesser lord and was feeble and subservient to Maeglin. Ecthelion of the Fountain perished in Gondolin as he slew Gothmog, even though he fell into the Fountain of the King, his hands were greatly wounded before meeting Gothmog and sword dropped, so Orcrist might be left in the city and picked up by one of the enemies possibly by a dragon. Another possibility is Penlod, however, who's house (House of the Tower of Snow) was lesser in status than Ecthelion's (House of the Fountain).
As discribed in the Hobbit, Orcrist "had killed hundreds of goblins in its time, when the fair elves of Gondolin hunted them in the hills or did battle before their walls". Only Rog, Duilin, Egalmoth, Tuor and Ecthelion's houses defended at the gates before the walls, and none of them except Ecthelion had boren a sword. Thus, the most probable assumption is that Orcrist belonged to Ecthelion, but this is never stated explicitly in any of Tolkien's writings. In the Fall of Gondolin, it is stated that Ecthelion led a charge that resulted in the deaths of thousands of orcs, which made his name a terror to their race – the fact that the orcs were angry upon finding that Thorin wielded Orcrist may be an echo of this carnage. It is interesting that if Orcrist did belong to Ecthelion, the two swords were both used to fight the two most famous balrogs, Orcrist to fight Gothmog and Glamdring to fight Durin's Bane.
|Weapons of Middle-earth|
|Aeglos · Andúril · Anglachel · Angrist · Anguirel · Aranrúth · Belthronding · Black Arrow · Bow of Bregor · Daggers of Westernesse · Dagmor · Dailir · Dramborleg · Durin's Axe · Glamdring · Grond · Gúthwinë · Gurthang · Herugrim · Morgul-knife · Narsil · Orcrist · Red Arrow · Ringil · Sting|