Tolkien Gateway

Oromë

(Difference between revisions)
m
(Added information)
(35 intermediate revisions by 11 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 +
{{sources}}
 +
{{expansion}}
 
{{valar infobox
 
{{valar infobox
| image=[[Image:Guy Gondron - Orome.jpg|300px]]
+
| image=[[Image:Angel Falto - Orome.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Oromë
 
| name=Oromë
| othernames=Arōmēz, [[Araw]], [[Béma]], [[Aldaron]], [[Tauron]], Lord of Trees and Forests.
+
| othernames=Lord of Trees and Forests, Arōmēz, Aldaron, Tauron, Béma, Araw
| coming=c. [[Years of the Lamps]] 1.
+
| coming=c. [[Years of the Lamps]] 1
| appointment=Lord of the forests and the hunt.
+
| appointment=Lord of the forest and the hunt
 
| creations=
 
| creations=
| maiar=Probably [[Tilion]].
+
| maiar=
| dwelling=[[Valinor]].
+
| dwelling=[[House of Oromë]], [[Woods of Oromë]]
| gender=Male.
+
| gender=Male
| spouse=[[Vána]].
+
| spouse=[[Vána]]
| siblings=[[Nessa]].
+
| siblings=[[Nessa]]
| appearance=Rode [[Nahar]] during hunts.
+
| appearance=Carries spear and bow, rides [[Nahar]]
 
| robes=
 
| robes=
 
| hair=
 
| hair=
 
| eyes=
 
| eyes=
|}}
+
}}
'''Oromë''' ([[Quenya|Q]]: "Loud Trumpeter") (from the [[Valarin]] '''Arōmēz''') was a [[Valar|Vala]].  His [[Sindarin]] name is '''[[Araw]]'''. He is also known as '''[[Aldaron]]''' ([[Quenya|Q:]] "Lord of Trees"), '''[[Tauron]]''' ([[Sindarin|S:]] "Lord of Forests"), ''The Huntsman of the Valar'', ''the Great Rider''.  His name among the [[Northmen]] is '''[[Béma]]'''. He is the brother of [[Nessa]] and the husband of [[Vána]].
+
'''Oromë''' was a [[Valar|Vala]], called the '''Huntsman of the Valar''' and the '''Great Rider'''.<ref>{{S|Captivity}}</ref> He was the brother of [[Nessa]] and the husband of [[Vána]].<ref name=IIb>{{S|IIb}}</ref>
  
During the [[Years of the Trees]], after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in [[Aman]], Oromë still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion.  Thus, he was responsible for finding the [[Elves]] when they awoke at [[Cuiviénen]], and the first to name them the [[Eldar]]. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against [[Morgoth]].  He has a great horn (the ''[[Valaróma]]'') and a great steed (''[[Nahar]]'').
+
==History==
 +
During the [[Years of the Trees]], after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in [[Aman]], Oromë still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion.  Thus, he was responsible for finding the [[Elves]] when they awoke at [[Cuiviénen]], and was the first to name them the [[Eldar]]. Seeking to ensure their safety, Oromë accompanied the Elves from Cuiviénen to Beleriand. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against [[Morgoth]].  He had a great horn (the ''[[Valaróma]]'') and a great steed (''[[Nahar]]'').
 +
 
 +
'''''Béma''''' was the name used by the [[Northmen]] for Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse-loving people of [[Rohan]], who claimed that their great horses, the [[Mearas]], had ancestors brought out of [[Aman|the West]] by Béma himself.{{fact}}
 +
 
 +
==Etymology==
 +
The name ''Oromë'' is said to be derived from his [[Valarin]] name '''''Arōmēz'''''.<ref>{{WJ|AD1}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
It is however understood as "Loud Trumpeter" in [[Quenya]], pronounced {{IPA|[ˈorome]}}, from the [[Sundocarme|root]] [[ROM]] (genitive ''Oromeo'' and possessive ''Oroméva''). He was also known as '''''Aldaron''''' ([[Quenya|Q.]] "Lord of Trees").{{fact}}
 +
 
 +
'''''Araw''''' ({{IPA|[ˈaraʊ]}}) was the [[Sindarin]] form of the name of the Oromë.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 96</ref><ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 10</ref>
 +
 
 +
'''''Tauron''''' was an epithet used by the [[Sindar]] for Oromë.<ref name=IIb/><ref name=PM/> In the ''[[Valaquenta]]'', ''Tauron'' is translated as "Lord of Forests".<ref name=IIb/> Another translation is "The Forester".<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref><ref name=PM>{{PM|XI}}, p. 358 (note 21)</ref> The language, to which the name pertains, remains non-explicit in [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s texts:
 +
#[[Quenya]] word? The root of the word could be ''[[taure]]'' ("great wood") plus the ending ''[[-on]]''. The name would thus have the sense "One of forests".<ref>Suggestion by [[User:Sage]]</ref>
 +
#[[Sindarin]] word? This would be suggested by its usage among the Sindar and by the [[Noldorin]] form it replaced (see below).
 +
 
 +
Tolkien used at least two earlier forms of the by-name ''Tauron'':
 +
#''Tavros'' - the form ''Tauros'' replaced - used in such early texts as the ''[[Lay of Leithian]]''.<ref>{{HM|LB}}, ''passim''</ref> The name is [[Noldorin|Gnomish]], defined as "Chief wood fay 'the Blue Spirit of the Woods'".<ref>{{PE|11}}, p. 69</ref><ref>{{LT1|Appendix}}, p. 267</ref><ref group="note">The form ''Tavros'' cited here from the ''[[Parma Eldalamberon 11|Gnomish Lexicon]]'', is defined as a "proper name". The form ''tavros'' (with a minuscule ''t'') is defined as "forest, wooded land".</ref>
 +
#''Tauros'' - the form ''Tauron'' replaced - is a [[Noldorin]] word defined in the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' as meaning "Forest-Dread" ([[Sundocarme|roots]] [[TAW|TÁWAR]] + [[GOS]]).<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 391</ref>
 +
 
 +
The name ''Béma'' is from the [[Rohirric|tongue of Rohan]] ([[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] was inspired by the [[Old English]] word ''[[Wiktionary:beme|béme]]'' "trumpet").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 153</ref>
 +
 
 +
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Oromë is referred to as ''Wadfrea'' "Huntinglord", ''Huntena  frea'' "Hunting  Lord and Lord of  Hunters" and ''Wealdafrea'' "Lord of Forests". The name ''Beaming'' is a translation of Q. ''Aldaron''.<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 +
 
 +
In the earliest form of the [[legendarium|mythology]], Oromë and [[Vána]] had the daughter [[Nielíqui]].<ref>{{LT1|Index}}, p. 288</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
 
* [[:Category:Images of Oromë|Images of Oromë]]
 
* [[:Category:Images of Oromë|Images of Oromë]]
{{valar}}
 
  
 +
{{References|note}}
 +
 +
{{Ainur}}
 +
 +
{{DEFAULTSORT:Orome}}
 +
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 +
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[Category:Valar]]
 
[[Category:Valar]]
 +
 +
[[de:Orome]]
 +
[[fr:encyclo/personnages/ainur/valar/aratar/orome]]
 +
[[fi:Oromë]]

Revision as of 19:43, 27 August 2012

"Who told you, and who sent you?" — Gandalf
This article or section needs more/new/more-detailed sources to conform to a higher standard and to provide proof for claims made.
"...It is a long tale..." — Aragorn
This article or section needs expansion and/or modification. Please help the wiki by expanding it.
Angel Falto - Orome.jpg
Oromë
Vala
Biographical Information
Other namesLord of Trees and Forests, Arōmēz, Aldaron, Tauron, Béma, Araw
Family
SiblingsNessa
SpouseVána
Physical Description
GenderMale

Oromë was a Vala, called the Huntsman of the Valar and the Great Rider.[1] He was the brother of Nessa and the husband of Vána.[2]

Contents

History

During the Years of the Trees, after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in Aman, Oromë still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion. Thus, he was responsible for finding the Elves when they awoke at Cuiviénen, and was the first to name them the Eldar. Seeking to ensure their safety, Oromë accompanied the Elves from Cuiviénen to Beleriand. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against Morgoth. He had a great horn (the Valaróma) and a great steed (Nahar).

Béma was the name used by the Northmen for Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse-loving people of Rohan, who claimed that their great horses, the Mearas, had ancestors brought out of the West by Béma himself.[source?]

Etymology

The name Oromë is said to be derived from his Valarin name Arōmēz.[3]

It is however understood as "Loud Trumpeter" in Quenya, pronounced [ˈorome], from the root ROM (genitive Oromeo and possessive Oroméva). He was also known as Aldaron (Q. "Lord of Trees").[source?]

Araw ([ˈaraʊ]) was the Sindarin form of the name of the Oromë.[4][5]

Tauron was an epithet used by the Sindar for Oromë.[2][6] In the Valaquenta, Tauron is translated as "Lord of Forests".[2] Another translation is "The Forester".[7][6] The language, to which the name pertains, remains non-explicit in Tolkien's texts:

  1. Quenya word? The root of the word could be taure ("great wood") plus the ending -on. The name would thus have the sense "One of forests".[8]
  2. Sindarin word? This would be suggested by its usage among the Sindar and by the Noldorin form it replaced (see below).

Tolkien used at least two earlier forms of the by-name Tauron:

  1. Tavros - the form Tauros replaced - used in such early texts as the Lay of Leithian.[9] The name is Gnomish, defined as "Chief wood fay 'the Blue Spirit of the Woods'".[10][11][note 1]
  2. Tauros - the form Tauron replaced - is a Noldorin word defined in the Etymologies as meaning "Forest-Dread" (roots TÁWAR + GOS).[12]

The name Béma is from the tongue of Rohan (Tolkien was inspired by the Old English word béme "trumpet").[13]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Oromë is referred to as Wadfrea "Huntinglord", Huntena frea "Hunting Lord and Lord of Hunters" and Wealdafrea "Lord of Forests". The name Beaming is a translation of Q. Aldaron.[14]

Other versions of the legendarium

In the earliest form of the mythology, Oromë and Vána had the daughter Nielíqui.[15]

See also

Notes

  1. The form Tavros cited here from the Gnomish Lexicon, is defined as a "proper name". The form tavros (with a minuscule t) is defined as "forest, wooded land".

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Valaquenta: Of the Valar"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix D. *Kwen, Quenya, and the Elvish (especially Ñoldorin) words for 'Language': Note on the 'Language of the Valar'"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 96
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998, p. 10
  6. 6.0 6.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", p. 358 (note 21)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  8. Suggestion by User:Sage
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, passim
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 69
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Appendix: Names in the Lost Tales – Part One, p. 267
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 391
  13. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 153
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Index, p. 288


Ainur
Valar
Lords:  Manwë · Ulmo · Aulë · Oromë · Mandos · Irmo · Tulkas
Queens:  Varda · Yavanna · Nienna · Estë · Vairë · Vána · Nessa
Former:  Melkor
Associated Maiar
Manwë Eönwë · Olórin Varda Ilmarë · Olórin · Arien
Ulmo Ossë · Uinen · Salmar Yavanna Aiwendil
Aulë Mairon · Curumo Estë Melian
Oromë Tilion · Alatar · Pallando Vána
Other Maiar
Balrogs Gothmog · Durin's Bane · Lungorthin
Wizards Saruman · Gandalf · Radagast · Blue Wizards (Rómestámo · Morinehtar)
Topics
Music · Valarin · Almaren · Valinor · Valmar · Second Music