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Oromë

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{{expansion}}
 
{{expansion}}
 
{{valar infobox
 
{{valar infobox
| image=[[Image:Angel Falto - Orome.jpg|250px]]
 
 
| name=Oromë
 
| name=Oromë
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| image=[[Image:Angel Falto - Orome.jpg|250px]]
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| caption="Orome" by [[:Category:Images by Angel Falto|Angel Falto]]
 
| pronun=
 
| pronun=
| othernames=Arōmēz, Aldaron, Tauron, Béma, Araw, The Hunter
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| othernames='''Arōmēz''' ([[Valarin|V]])</br>Aldaron, Tauron, Béma, Araw, The Hunter
 
| titles=
 
| titles=
 
| position=Lord of Forests
 
| position=Lord of Forests
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| affiliation=
 
| affiliation=
 
| language=
 
| language=
| notablefor=
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| notablefor=discovering the [[Elves]]
 
| siblings=[[Nessa]]
 
| siblings=[[Nessa]]
 
| spouse=[[Vána]]
 
| spouse=[[Vána]]
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| steed=[[Nahar]]
 
| steed=[[Nahar]]
 
}}
 
}}
'''Oromë''' was a [[Valar|Vala]], called the '''Huntsman of the Valar''' and the '''Great Rider'''.<ref>{{S|Captivity}}</ref> He was the brother of [[Nessa]] and the husband of [[Vána]].<ref name=IIb>{{S|IIb}}</ref>
+
'''Oromë''' was a [[Valar|Vala]] and one of the [[Aratar]], also known as the ''Huntsman of the Valar'' and the ''Great Rider''.<ref>{{S|Captivity}}</ref>  
 +
==Attributes==
 +
Oromë delights in hunting monsters and evil creatures, riding on his steed [[Nahar]] and blowing his great horn [[Valaróma]]. He loves [[horses]] and [[dogs|hounds]] as well as all trees and forests. In [[Yavanna]]'s woods in [[Valinor]] he trains his folk and beasts for hunting.<ref name=vala>{{S|IIb}}</ref>
  
 +
He was the brother of [[Nessa]] and the husband of [[Vána]].<ref name=vala/>
 
==History==
 
==History==
During the [[Years of the Trees]], after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in [[Aman]], Oromë still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion. Thus, he was responsible for finding the [[Elves]] when they awoke at [[Cuiviénen]], and was the first to name them the [[Eldar]]. Seeking to ensure their safety, Oromë accompanied the Elves from Cuiviénen to Beleriand. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against [[Morgoth]].  He had a great horn (the ''[[Valaróma]]'') and a great steed (''[[Nahar]]'').
+
During the [[Years of the Trees]], after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in [[Aman]], Oromë was the last who came to Valinor, and even then he still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion.<ref name=vala/> He visited [[Middle-earth]] during the [[Sleep of Yavanna]], hunting monsters and fell creatures and the shadows fled temporarily until he left.<ref name=s1>{{S|1}}</ref>
  
Because Oromë had travelled much in [[Middle-earth]] during the [[Elder Days]], it was believed, even during the [[Third Age]] that the wild [[cows|oxen]] found near the [[Sea of Rhun]] descended from his [[Kine of Araw|Kine]].<ref>{{App|Kings}}</ref>
+
Thus, he was responsible for finding the [[Elves]] when they awoke at [[Cuiviénen]], and was the first to name them the [[Eldar]]. Seeking to ensure their safety, Oromë accompanied the Elves from Cuiviénen to Beleriand. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against [[Morgoth]].
  
'''''Béma''''' was the name used by the [[Northmen]] for Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse-loving people of [[Rohan]], who claimed that their great horses, the [[Mearas]], had ancestors brought out of [[Aman|the West]] by Béma himself.{{fact}}
+
Because Oromë was the only Vala who travelled in [[Middle-earth]] during the [[Elder Days]], it was believed, even during the [[Third Age]] that the wild [[cows|oxen]] found near the [[Sea of Rhun]] descended from his [[Kine of Araw|Kine]].<ref>{{App|South}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
'''''Béma''''' was the name used by the [[Northmen]] for Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse-loving people of [[Rohan]], who claimed that their great horses, the [[Mearas]], had ancestors brought out of [[Aman|the West]] by Béma himself.<ref>{{App|Eorl}}</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The name ''Oromë'' is said to be derived from his [[Valarin]] name '''''Arōmēz'''''. The initial vowel changed from ''A'' to ''O'', probably by association with the primitive Elvish root [[ROM]] "sound of horns".<ref>{{WJ|Quendi}} p. 400</ref> His name was interpreted by the Elves as "Horn-blowing" because of his use of the great horn [[Valaróma]].<ref>{{PE|21}}, pp. 82</ref>
+
The name ''Oromë'' is said to be derived from his [[Valarin]] name '''''Arōmēz'''''.<ref>{{WJ|AD1}}</ref>  
 +
 
 +
His name is translated as "Horn-blowing" and "Sound of Horns".<ref>{{PE|21}}, pp. 82, 85</ref>
  
 
'''''Araw''''' ({{IPA|[ˈaraʊ]}}) was the [[Sindarin]] form of the name of the Oromë.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 96</ref><ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 10</ref>
 
'''''Araw''''' ({{IPA|[ˈaraʊ]}}) was the [[Sindarin]] form of the name of the Oromë.<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 96</ref><ref>{{VT|39a}}, p. 10</ref>
  
He was also known by the name '''''Aldaron''''', and among the Sindar as '''''Tauron''''', both names translated "Lord of Forests" <ref>{{S|IIb}}</ref>. The name ''Aldaron'' seems to be the genitive plural of the Quenya word [[alda]] "tree" (so that its literal meaning is "Of Trees"), while the name ''Tauron'' contains the Sindarin word [[taur]] "forest".
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'''''Tauron''''' was an epithet used by the [[Sindar]] for Oromë.<ref name=Index>{{S|Index}}</ref><ref name=PM/> In the ''[[Valaquenta]]'', ''Tauron'' is translated as "Lord of Forests".<ref name=Index/> Another translation is "The Forester".<ref>{{S|Index}}</ref><ref name=PM>{{PM|XI}}, p. 358 (note 21)</ref> The language, to which the name pertains, remains non-explicit in [[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]]'s texts:
 +
#[[Quenya]] word? The root of the word could be ''[[taure]]'' ("great wood") plus the ending ''[[-on]]''. The name would thus have the sense "One of forests".<ref>Suggestion by [[User:Sage]]</ref>
 +
#[[Sindarin]] word? This would be suggested by its usage among the Sindar and by the [[Noldorin]] form it replaced (see below).
  
His name ''Béma'' is from the [[Rohirric|tongue of Rohan]] ([[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] was inspired by the [[Old English]] word ''[[Wiktionary:beme|béme]]'' "trumpet").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 153</ref>
+
Tolkien used at least two earlier forms of the by-name ''Tauron'':
 +
#''Tavros'' - the form ''Tauros'' replaced - used in such early texts as the ''[[Lay of Leithian]]''.<ref>{{HM|LB}}, ''passim''</ref> The name is [[Noldorin|Gnomish]], defined as "Chief wood fay 'the Blue Spirit of the Woods'".<ref>{{PE|11}}, p. 69</ref><ref>{{LT1|Appendix}}, p. 267</ref><ref group="note">The form ''Tavros'' cited here from the ''[[Parma Eldalamberon 11|Gnomish Lexicon]]'', is defined as a "proper name". The form ''tavros'' (with a minuscule ''t'') is defined as "forest, wooded land".</ref>
 +
#''Tauros'' - the form ''Tauron'' replaced - is a [[Noldorin]] word defined in the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' as meaning "Forest-Dread" ([[Sundocarme|roots]] [[TAW|TÁWAR]] + [[GOS]]).<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 391</ref>
  
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Oromë is referred to as ''Wadfrea'' "Huntinglord", ''Huntena  frea'' "Hunting Lord and Lord of Hunters" and ''Wealdafrea'' "Lord of Forests". The name ''Béaming'' is given as a translation of Q. ''Aldaron'' (from O.E. ''béam'' "tree").<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
+
The name ''Béma'' is from the [[Rohirric|tongue of Rohan]] ([[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] was inspired by the [[Old English]] word ''[[Wiktionary:beme|béme]]'' "trumpet").<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 153</ref>
 +
 
 +
In [[Eriol]]'s [[Old English]] translations, Oromë is referred to as ''Wáðfréa'' "Huntinglord", ''Huntena  fréa'' "Hunting Lord and Lord of Hunters" and ''Wealdafréa'' "Lord of Forests". The name ''Béaming'' is a translation of Q. ''Aldaron''.<ref>{{SM|QA1}}</ref>
 +
 
 +
==Genealogy==
 +
{{familytree/start}}
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{{familytree| | | | | |,|-|-|-|.| | | |,|-|-|-|.| | | | | | |}}
 +
{{familytree| AUL |~| YAV | | VAN |~| ORO | | NES |~| TUL | |AUL=[[Aulë]]|YAV=[[Yavanna]]|VAN=[[Vána]]|ORO='''OROMË'''|NES=[[Nessa]]|TUL=[[Tulkas]]}}
 +
{{familytree/end}}
  
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
 
==Other versions of the legendarium==
  
In the earliest form of the [[legendarium|mythology]], Oromë and [[Vána]] had the daughter [[Nielíqui]].<ref>{{LT1|Index}}, p. 288</ref>
+
In the earliest form of the [[legendarium|mythology]], Oromë was described as the son of [[Aulë]] and [[Yavanna]] whilst having the daughter [[Nielíqui]] with [[Vána]].<ref>{{LT1|Index}}, p. 288</ref>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Orome}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Orome}}
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[[Category:Characters in The Book of Lost Tales]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Characters in The Silmarillion]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]
 
[[Category:Quenya names]]
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[[Category:Valar]]
 
[[Category:Valar]]
  

Latest revision as of 17:43, 17 November 2019

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Oromë
Vala
Angel Falto - Orome.jpg
"Orome" by Angel Falto
Biographical Information
Other namesArōmēz (V)
Aldaron, Tauron, Béma, Araw, The Hunter
PositionLord of Forests
LocationHouse of Oromë, Woods of Oromë
Notable fordiscovering the Elves
Family
SiblingsNessa
SpouseVána
Physical Description
GenderMale
WeaponrySpear and bow
SteedNahar
GalleryImages of Oromë

Oromë was a Vala and one of the Aratar, also known as the Huntsman of the Valar and the Great Rider.[1]

Contents

[edit] Attributes

Oromë delights in hunting monsters and evil creatures, riding on his steed Nahar and blowing his great horn Valaróma. He loves horses and hounds as well as all trees and forests. In Yavanna's woods in Valinor he trains his folk and beasts for hunting.[2]

He was the brother of Nessa and the husband of Vána.[2]

[edit] History

During the Years of the Trees, after most of the Valar had withdrawn completely from Middle-earth and hidden themselves in Aman, Oromë was the last who came to Valinor, and even then he still hunted in the forests of Middle-earth on occasion.[2] He visited Middle-earth during the Sleep of Yavanna, hunting monsters and fell creatures and the shadows fled temporarily until he left.[3]

Thus, he was responsible for finding the Elves when they awoke at Cuiviénen, and was the first to name them the Eldar. Seeking to ensure their safety, Oromë accompanied the Elves from Cuiviénen to Beleriand. Being a powerful huntsman, he was active in the struggles against Morgoth.

Because Oromë was the only Vala who travelled in Middle-earth during the Elder Days, it was believed, even during the Third Age that the wild oxen found near the Sea of Rhun descended from his Kine.[4]

Béma was the name used by the Northmen for Oromë. As the great huntsman and horseman of the Valar, he and his steed Nahar were known to the horse-loving people of Rohan, who claimed that their great horses, the Mearas, had ancestors brought out of the West by Béma himself.[5]

[edit] Etymology

The name Oromë is said to be derived from his Valarin name Arōmēz.[6]

His name is translated as "Horn-blowing" and "Sound of Horns".[7]

Araw ([ˈaraʊ]) was the Sindarin form of the name of the Oromë.[8][9]

Tauron was an epithet used by the Sindar for Oromë.[10][11] In the Valaquenta, Tauron is translated as "Lord of Forests".[10] Another translation is "The Forester".[12][11] The language, to which the name pertains, remains non-explicit in Tolkien's texts:

  1. Quenya word? The root of the word could be taure ("great wood") plus the ending -on. The name would thus have the sense "One of forests".[13]
  2. Sindarin word? This would be suggested by its usage among the Sindar and by the Noldorin form it replaced (see below).

Tolkien used at least two earlier forms of the by-name Tauron:

  1. Tavros - the form Tauros replaced - used in such early texts as the Lay of Leithian.[14] The name is Gnomish, defined as "Chief wood fay 'the Blue Spirit of the Woods'".[15][16][note 1]
  2. Tauros - the form Tauron replaced - is a Noldorin word defined in the Etymologies as meaning "Forest-Dread" (roots TÁWAR + GOS).[17]

The name Béma is from the tongue of Rohan (Tolkien was inspired by the Old English word béme "trumpet").[18]

In Eriol's Old English translations, Oromë is referred to as Wáðfréa "Huntinglord", Huntena fréa "Hunting Lord and Lord of Hunters" and Wealdafréa "Lord of Forests". The name Béaming is a translation of Q. Aldaron.[19]

[edit] Genealogy

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Aulë
 
Yavanna
 
Vána
 
OROMË
 
Nessa
 
Tulkas
 
 
 
 


[edit] Other versions of the legendarium

In the earliest form of the mythology, Oromë was described as the son of Aulë and Yavanna whilst having the daughter Nielíqui with Vána.[20]

[edit] See also

Notes

  1. The form Tavros cited here from the Gnomish Lexicon, is defined as a "proper name". The form tavros (with a minuscule t) is defined as "forest, wooded land".

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Valaquenta: Of the Valar"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Beginning of Days"
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "The Realms in Exile", "The Southern Line: Heirs of Anarion"
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The House of Eorl"
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: Appendix D. *Kwen, Quenya, and the Elvish (especially Ñoldorin) words for 'Language': Note on the 'Language of the Valar'"
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Qenya Noun Structure", in Parma Eldalamberon XXI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Patrick H. Wynne and Arden R. Smith), pp. 82, 85
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 96
  9. J.R.R. Tolkien, "From Quendi and Eldar, Appendix D" (edited by Carl F. Hostetter), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 39, July 1998, p. 10
  10. 10.0 10.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  11. 11.0 11.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", p. 358 (note 21)
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  13. Suggestion by User:Sage
  14. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, passim
  15. J.R.R. Tolkien, "I-Lam na-Ngoldathon: The Grammar and Lexicon of the Gnomish Tongue", in Parma Eldalamberon XI (edited by Christopher Gilson, Arden R. Smith, and Patrick H. Wynne), p. 69
  16. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Appendix: Names in the Lost Tales – Part One, p. 267
  17. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 391
  18. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 153
  19. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, "III. The Quenta: Appendix 1: Fragments of a translation of The Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English, made by Ælfwine or Eriol; together with Old English equivalents of Elvish names"
  20. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Index, p. 288