Tolkien Gateway

Osgiliath

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[[Image:Alan Lee - Osgiliath.jpeg|thumb|200px|''Osgiliath'' by [[Alan Lee]]]]
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{{location
'''Osgiliath''' is a city of [[Middle-earth]], the old capital city of [[Gondor]].
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| image=[[Image:Alan Lee - Osgiliath.jpeg|250px]]
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| name=Osgiliath
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| othernames=
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| etymology="Fortress of the Host of Stars"
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| type=City
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| location=[[Anduin]], between [[Minas Tirith (Gondor)|Minas Tirith]] and [[Minas Morgul]]
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| inhabitants=[[Gondorians]]
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| realms=Gondor
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| description=River city with bridge
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| events=
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| references=
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|}}
  
Founded by [[Elendil]] and his sons at the end of the [[Second Age]], Osgiliath straddled the Great River [[Anduin]] at a point approximately half way between the cities of [[Minas Anor]] to the west and [[Minas Ithil]] to the east. For over a thousand years, Osgiliath was the capital of Gondor, as well as its largest and most important city. The beginning of the city's decline came in the 15th century, when in 1437 it was sacked and burned, after a siege, by the rebel [[Castamir|Castamir's]] forces during the [[Kin-strife]]. The [[Great Plague]] of 1636 led to further depopulation, and the city began to fall into ruin; the capital was moved to the more secure [[Minas Anor]]. Over the next few hundred years, Gondor endured many military defeats east of the [[Anduin]], especially the fall of Minas Ithil in 2002. Osgiliath became vulnerable to attack and was widely believed to be haunted, as its population continued to shrink. Osgiliath was finally abandoned by the remaining civilian population after being captured (temporarily) by Orcs in the 25th century.
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<center>{{quote|The city of Osgiliath has been reclaimed... for Gondor! For Gondor!|[[Boromir (son of Denethor II)|Boromir]], ''[[Peter Jackson's The Two Towers]] ([[The Two Towers Extended Edition|extended]])''}}</center>
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'''Osgiliath''' was a city on the river [[Anduin]]. It was the old capital city of [[Gondor]].
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__TOC__
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==History==
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Founded by [[Elendil]] and his sons at the end of the [[Second Age]], Osgiliath straddled the Great River [[Anduin]] at a point approximately half way between the cities of [[Minas Anor]] to the west and [[Minas Ithil]] to the east. For over a thousand years, Osgiliath was the capital of Gondor, as well as its largest and most important city. The beginning of the city's decline came in the 15th century, when in [[Third Age 1437|T.A. 1437]] it was sacked and burned, after a siege, by the rebel [[Castamir|Castamir's]] forces during the [[Kin-strife]]. The [[Great Plague]] of [[Third Age 1636|T.A. 1636]] led to further depopulation, and the city began to fall into ruin; the capital was moved to the more secure [[Minas Anor]]. Over the next few hundred years, Gondor endured many military defeats east of the [[Anduin]], especially the fall of Minas Ithil in [[Third Age 2002|2002]]. Osgiliath became vulnerable to attack and was widely believed to be haunted, as its population continued to shrink. Osgiliath was finally abandoned by the remaining civilian population after being captured (temporarily) by Orcs in the 25th century.
  
 
Over the centuries leading up to the [[War of the Ring]], the western part of the ruined city was under the control of Gondor, and was at times provided with a military garrison as a means of defending the crossing of the Anduin. The eastern part, with [[Ithilien]], was disputed territory, under Gondor's control for most of the rule of [[Denethor II]], but occupied by [[Sauron|Sauron's]] forces just before the War.
 
Over the centuries leading up to the [[War of the Ring]], the western part of the ruined city was under the control of Gondor, and was at times provided with a military garrison as a means of defending the crossing of the Anduin. The eastern part, with [[Ithilien]], was disputed territory, under Gondor's control for most of the rule of [[Denethor II]], but occupied by [[Sauron|Sauron's]] forces just before the War.
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After the destruction of the [[One Ring]], Osgiliath was rebuilt, but it never became as great as it once was. Minas Tirith remained the capital and King's city.
 
After the destruction of the [[One Ring]], Osgiliath was rebuilt, but it never became as great as it once was. Minas Tirith remained the capital and King's city.
  
The name "Osgiliath" is [[Sindarin]] for "City of the Host of Stars". The most prominent building in the city was the Dome of Stars, a great dome which once housed the city's ''[[palantíri|palantír]]''. Osgiliath's ''palantír'' fell into the Anduin during the [[Kin-strife]] during the reign of [[Eldacar of Arnor|Eldacar]], [[Third Age]] 1437.
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==Etymology==
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The name "Osgiliath" is [[Sindarin]] for "City of the Host of Stars". The most prominent building in the city was the Dome of Stars, a great dome which once housed the city's ''[[palantíri|palantír]]''. Osgiliath's ''palantír'' fell into the Anduin during the [[Kin-strife]] during the reign of [[Eldacar of Arnor|Eldacar]], in [[Third Age 1437|T.A. 1437]].
  
 
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
 
== Portrayal in Adaptations ==
In [[Peter Jackson's The Two Towers]], [[Faramir son of Denethor II|Faramir]] takes [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]], [[Sam]] and [[Gollum]] to Osgiliath, where they witness a battle after which Faramir releases them to continue on to Mordor. This does not occur in the [[The Two Towers|book]].
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Because the city is not visited in the books, it did not appear in many adaptations.
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'''2002: ''[[Peter Jackson's The Two Towers]]'':'''
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:After capturing [[Frodo Baggins|Frodo]] and [[Samwise Gamgee|Sam]], [[Faramir (son of Denethor II)|Faramir]] takes them to Osgiliath, in the hope of harnessing the power of [[One Ring|the Ring]] to the betterment of Gondor. Osgiliath is fully ruined, and partly flooded. After being attacked by several [[fell beasts|winged Nazgûl]], Faramir releases them.
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:In a scene in the [[The Two Towers Extended Edition|extended edition]], Faramir has a flashback. [[Boromir (son of Denethor II)|Boromir]] reclaims the city for Gondor, and the soldiers feast. The scene is ment to highlight the relation between Boromir, Faramir and [[Denethor II|Denethor]].
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'''2003: ''[[Peter Jackson's The Return of the King]]'':'''
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: [[Gothmog (Lieutenant of Morgul)|Gothmog]] and his [[orcs]] finally breach the defenses of the Gondorian troopers, and beat them back with heavy losses. [[Madril]] is slain, as are several others. On their retreat to [[Minas Tirith (Gondor)|Minas Tirith]], they are beset by the [[Nazgûl]], only to be saved by [[Gandalf]].
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:Not impressed by Faramir's deeds, and more upset about the loss of Osgiliath, Denethor sends his son back to Osgiliath, but his company is slaughtered, and Faramir badly wounded. This scene replaced the defense of the [[Causeway Forts]] in the book.
  
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Gondor]]
 
[[Category:Cities]]
 
[[Category:Cities]]
 
[[Category:Sieges]]
 
[[Category:Sieges]]

Revision as of 14:57, 1 August 2008

250px
Osgiliath
Physical Description
TypeCity
LocationAnduin, between Minas Tirith and Minas Morgul
RealmsGondor
InhabitantsGondorians
DescriptionRiver city with bridge
General Information
Etymology"Fortress of the Host of Stars"
"The city of Osgiliath has been reclaimed... for Gondor! For Gondor!"
Boromir, Peter Jackson's The Two Towers (extended)

Osgiliath was a city on the river Anduin. It was the old capital city of Gondor.

Contents

History

Founded by Elendil and his sons at the end of the Second Age, Osgiliath straddled the Great River Anduin at a point approximately half way between the cities of Minas Anor to the west and Minas Ithil to the east. For over a thousand years, Osgiliath was the capital of Gondor, as well as its largest and most important city. The beginning of the city's decline came in the 15th century, when in T.A. 1437 it was sacked and burned, after a siege, by the rebel Castamir's forces during the Kin-strife. The Great Plague of T.A. 1636 led to further depopulation, and the city began to fall into ruin; the capital was moved to the more secure Minas Anor. Over the next few hundred years, Gondor endured many military defeats east of the Anduin, especially the fall of Minas Ithil in 2002. Osgiliath became vulnerable to attack and was widely believed to be haunted, as its population continued to shrink. Osgiliath was finally abandoned by the remaining civilian population after being captured (temporarily) by Orcs in the 25th century.

Over the centuries leading up to the War of the Ring, the western part of the ruined city was under the control of Gondor, and was at times provided with a military garrison as a means of defending the crossing of the Anduin. The eastern part, with Ithilien, was disputed territory, under Gondor's control for most of the rule of Denethor II, but occupied by Sauron's forces just before the War.

When, during the War, Sauron launched a full-scale invasion of Gondor west of the Anduin, Osgiliath eventually fell to his forces, but was reclaimed by Gondor after Sauron's ultimate defeat a few weeks later.

After the destruction of the One Ring, Osgiliath was rebuilt, but it never became as great as it once was. Minas Tirith remained the capital and King's city.

Etymology

The name "Osgiliath" is Sindarin for "City of the Host of Stars". The most prominent building in the city was the Dome of Stars, a great dome which once housed the city's palantír. Osgiliath's palantír fell into the Anduin during the Kin-strife during the reign of Eldacar, in T.A. 1437.

Portrayal in Adaptations

Because the city is not visited in the books, it did not appear in many adaptations.

2002: Peter Jackson's The Two Towers:

After capturing Frodo and Sam, Faramir takes them to Osgiliath, in the hope of harnessing the power of the Ring to the betterment of Gondor. Osgiliath is fully ruined, and partly flooded. After being attacked by several winged Nazgûl, Faramir releases them.
In a scene in the extended edition, Faramir has a flashback. Boromir reclaims the city for Gondor, and the soldiers feast. The scene is ment to highlight the relation between Boromir, Faramir and Denethor.

2003: Peter Jackson's The Return of the King:

Gothmog and his orcs finally breach the defenses of the Gondorian troopers, and beat them back with heavy losses. Madril is slain, as are several others. On their retreat to Minas Tirith, they are beset by the Nazgûl, only to be saved by Gandalf.
Not impressed by Faramir's deeds, and more upset about the loss of Osgiliath, Denethor sends his son back to Osgiliath, but his company is slaughtered, and Faramir badly wounded. This scene replaced the defense of the Causeway Forts in the book.