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Ossiriand

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Ossiriandmap.jpg
Ossiriand
Political information
Head of StateDenethor (Nando)
Societal information
Capitalnone
LanguageNandorin
LocationEasternmost Beleriand
PopulaceNandor(Laiquendi)
Historical information
Formed fromTeleri who abandoned the Great Journey
EstablishmentFirst Age
Dissolutionafter the War of Wrath
Ossiriand was a region of eastern Beleriand.

Contents

History

Ossiriand was a green and forested land, and it was populated by the Nandor. In the early First Age before the rise of the Moon, a part of the Telerin Elven people called Nandor entered Ossiriand under their leader Denethor, and were given permission by Thingol to settle the lands.

After them the land was often renamed Lindon, for The Singers, after the old clan-name of the Telerin which the Nandor still used in their tongue. They became known as the Laiquendi, or Green-Elves.

After their leader Denethor was killed in an Orc-raid they chose no more leaders, and many of them removed to Doriath.

Ossiriand was the only part of Beleriand that survived the War of Wrath, but Belegaer the Great Sea broke through the mountain chain at the former riverbed of Ascar, creating the Gulf of Lhûn. In the Second Age and Third Age the former lands of Ossiriand and Thargelion were known as Lindon, where Rodnor Gil-galad and Círdan ruled.

Geography

Ossiriand, or Land of Seven Rivers, was the most eastern region of Beleriand during the First Age, lying between the Ered Luin and the river Gelion.

North of Ossiriand lay the land of Thargelion, and south of the river Adurant later lay the Land of the Dead that Live, where Lúthien and Beren lived their second lives.

The Seven Rivers were, from north to south:

  1. River Gelion
  2. River Ascar or Rathlóriel
  3. River Thalos
  4. River Legolin
  5. River Brilthor
  6. River Duilwen
  7. River Adurant, with Tol Galen

Along the northern shore of the Ascar ran the Dwarf-Road to Nogrod.

Etymology

Ossiriand is Sindarin, meaning 'the Land of Seven Rivers'[1] (alternatively 'Land of Seven Streams'[2]). Early names used by Tolkien for this region were Ossiriande[3], Assariad and Ossiriath[4]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 81
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, p. 116
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "The Lay of Leithian: Canto I", pp. 158-9
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, pp. 173, 233

Ossiriand
Amon Ereb Thargelion Nogrod
Taur-im-Duinath WindRose3.pngEred Luin