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Ossiriand

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Ossiriandmap.jpg
Ossiriand
Political information
Head of StateDenethor of the Nandor
Societal information
Capitalnone
LanguageNandorin
LocationEasternmost Beleriand
PopulaceNandor(Laiquendi)
Historical information
Formed fromTeleri who abandoned the Great Journey
EstablishmentFirst Age
Dissolutionafter the War of Wrath

Ossiriand was a region of eastern Beleriand.

Contents

History

In the Elder Days, a green, forested and little peopled region in easternmost Beleriand at the western feet of the Blue Mountains was named Ossiriand ("Land of Seven Rivers") by the Sindar.[1] [2][3]

In the early First Age before the rise of the Moon,[4] a part of the Telerin Elven people called Nandor entered Ossiriand under their leader Denethor, and were given permission by Thingol to settle the lands.[3][5] These Nandor became known as the Green-elves.

After their leader Denethor was killed in an Orc-raid, the Green-elves chose no more leaders, and many of them removed to Doriath.[6][7]

Geography

The Land of Seven Rivers was so named because the River Gelion and its tributaries watered the lands.[8][3] The Seven Rivers were, from north to south:[3]

  1. River Gelion
  2. River Ascar or Rathlóriel
  3. River Thalos
  4. River Legolin
  5. River Brilthor
  6. River Duilwen
  7. River Adurant, with Tol Galen

North of Ossiriand lay the land of Thargelion, and south of the river Adurant later lay Dor Firn-i-Chuinar. Along the northern shore of the Ascar ran the Dwarf-Road to Nogrod.

Names and Etymology

Ossiriand is Sindarin, meaning "the Land of Seven Rivers"[9] (alternatively "Land of Seven Streams"[10]).

  • Etymology: Ossiriand contains the elements otso and sîr.[9]

Early names used by J.R.R. Tolkien for this region were Ossiriande[11], Assariad and Ossiriath[12].

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Four. Quendi and Eldar: C. The Clan-names, with notes on other names for divisions of the Eldar", p. 385
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand its Realms (Chapter 11)", p. 195
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "The Grey Annals": §1350, p. 13
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Three. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: (I) The First Phase: 3. Of the Coming of the Elves", p. 164 (§29)
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Morgoth's Ring, "Part Two. The Annals of Aman: Fourth section of the Annals of Aman", p. 93 (§86)
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Two: Valinor and Middle-earth before The Lord of the Rings, VI. Quenta Silmarillion", p. 263 (§114)
  7. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Quenta Silmarillion: Of the Sindar"
  8. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The War of the Jewels, "Part Two. The Later Quenta Silmarillion: Of Beleriand its Realms (Chapter 11)", p. 195
  9. 9.0 9.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 81
  10. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, p. 116
  11. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "The Lay of Leithian: Canto I", pp. 158-9
  12. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Shaping of Middle-earth, pp. 173, 233
Ossiriand
Amon Ereb Thargelion Nogrod
Taur-im-Duinath WindRose3.pngEred Luin