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Palantíri

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''[[Palantir]]'' is also a [[Quenya]] name.
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{{disambig-more|Palantír|[[Palantir (disambiguation)]]}}
 
{{objects
 
{{objects
| image=[[Image:Raphael Rau - Palantir.jpg|250px]]
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| image=[[File:Raphael Rau - Palantir.jpg|250px]]
 
| name=Palantíri
 
| name=Palantíri
 
| othernames=Seeing Stones
 
| othernames=Seeing Stones
| derivation=[[Q.]] ''[[palan]]'' "far, distant, wide" + ''[[tir]]'' "watch, guard"
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| derivation=[[Quenya|Q.]] ''[[palan]]'' "far, distant, wide" + ''[[tir]]'' "watch, guard"
 
| location=Various locations in [[Endor]]
 
| location=Various locations in [[Endor]]
 
| ownedby=[[Elendil]] and his line, [[Ruling Stewards]], [[Saruman]]
 
| ownedby=[[Elendil]] and his line, [[Ruling Stewards]], [[Saruman]]
| maker=[[Noldor]] (likely [[Fëanor]])
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| maker=[[Fëanor]]<ref name="SIndex">{{S|Index}}</ref>
 
| appearance=Smooth, round, dark stones
 
| appearance=Smooth, round, dark stones
 
| references=''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[The Palantíri]]''
 
| references=''[[The Lord of the Rings]]'', ''[[The Palantíri]]''
|}}
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}}
{{quote|The ''palantír'' replied to each, but all those in [[Gondor]] were ever open to the view of [[Osgiliath]].  Now it appears that, as the [[Tower of Orthanc|rock of Orthanc]] has withstood the storms of time, so there the ''palantír'' of that tower has remained.  But alone it could do nothing but see small images of things far off and days remote.  Very useful, no doubt, that was to [[Saruman]]; yet it seems that he was not content.  Further and further abroad he gazed, until he cast his gaze upon [[Barad-dûr]].  Then he was caught!|[[Gandalf]], ''[[The Palantír]]''}}
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{{quote|The ''palantír'' replied to each, but all those in [[Gondor]] were ever open to the view of [[Osgiliath]].  Now it appears that, as the [[Orthanc|rock of Orthanc]] has withstood the storms of time, so there the ''palantír'' of that tower has remained.  But alone it could do nothing but see small images of things far off and days remote.  Very useful, no doubt, that was to [[Saruman]]; yet it seems that he was not content.  Further and further abroad he gazed, until he cast his gaze upon [[Barad-dûr]].  Then he was caught!|[[Gandalf]], ''[[The Palantír]]''}}
 
The '''''palantíri''''' (sometimes translated as "''Seeing Stones''") were stones that could be used in communication with one another, and also to see many things across the face of the world.  When its master looked in it, he could communicate with other Stones and anyone who might be looking into them; people of great power can manipulate the Stones to see virtually any part of the world.  
 
The '''''palantíri''''' (sometimes translated as "''Seeing Stones''") were stones that could be used in communication with one another, and also to see many things across the face of the world.  When its master looked in it, he could communicate with other Stones and anyone who might be looking into them; people of great power can manipulate the Stones to see virtually any part of the world.  
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
===Origin and Early History===
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===Origin and early history===
The ''palantíri'' were made by the Noldor of [[Valinor]] in the [[Uttermost West]], possibly by [[Fëanor]]. Many ''palantíri'' were made, but the number is not known.  Some of the stones were given to the [[Dúnedain]] of [[Númenor]] as a gift during the [[Second Age]] by [[Gil-galad]].  Of these, [[Elendil]] took seven with him on his flight to [[Middle-earth]] upon the [[Downfall of Númenor]], and in time they were distributed among seven places: four in [[Gondor]] and three in [[Arnor]]. They were used largely for communication, but also to see what was occuring through the realms.  Their existence was common knowledge, but no-one was allowed easy access to them save for kings and rulers, appointed wardens, or by royal command.
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The ''palantíri'' were made by [[Fëanor]] in the [[Uttermost West]].<ref name="SIndex"/> Twenty eight ''palantíri'' were made, of which nine were given to the [[Dúnedain]] of [[Númenor]] by [[Gil-galad]] as a gift during the [[Second Age]].  Of these, [[Elendil]] took seven with him in his flight to [[Middle-earth]] upon the [[Downfall of Númenor]], and in time they were distributed to seven different locations: four in [[Gondor]] and three in [[Arnor]].<ref name="SRings">{{S|Rings}}</ref> They were used largely for communication, but also to see what was occurring throughout the respective realms.  Their existence was common knowledge, but no-one was allowed easy access to them save for kings and rulers, appointed wardens, or by royal command.
  
 
===Third Age and beyond===
 
===Third Age and beyond===
One by one the stones vanished from public knowledge or were lost.  The [[Osgiliath-stone]] fell into [[Anduin]] during the [[Kin-strife]] and burning of that city in [[Third Age 1437|T.A. 1437]].  When [[Arvedui]], [[King of Arnor]], was shipwrecked and his line ended in [[Third Age 1975|T.A. 1975]], he drowned with the ''palantíri'' of [[Amon Sûl-stone|Amon Sûl]] and [[Annúminas-stone|Annúminas]], the only communicating stones of Arnor.  When [[Minas Ithil]] fell in [[Third Age 2002|2002]], the stone was assumed destroyed in general.  The wiser and more foresighted men of Gondor decided that in case Sauron had seized the Stone, they would stop using the [[Anor-stone]] to prevent any contact with the [[Dark Lord]].  As the [[Elostirion-stone]] was locked away and could not answer the other stones anyway, the only remaining stone was the [[Orthanc-stone]], which became useless to the Gondorians.  When [[Beren (Steward of Gondor)|Beren]] gave [[Saruman]] the deserted but secure [[Orthanc]] in [[Third Age 2759|2759]], he likely assumed that Saruman, head of the leading order against Sauron, would keep it safe.
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One by one the stones vanished from public knowledge or were lost.  The [[Osgiliath-stone]] fell into [[Anduin]] during the [[Kin-strife]] and burning of that city in {{TA|1437}}.  When [[Arvedui]], [[King of Arnor]], was shipwrecked and his line ended in {{TA|1975|n}}, he drowned with the ''palantíri'' of [[Amon Sûl-stone|Amon Sûl]] and [[Annúminas-stone|Annúminas]], the only communicating stones of Arnor.  When [[Minas Ithil]] fell in {{TA|2002|n}}, the stone was assumed destroyed in general.  The wiser and more foresighted men of Gondor decided that in case Sauron had seized the Stone, they would stop using the [[Anor-stone]] to prevent any contact with the [[Dark Lord]].  As the [[Elostirion-stone]] was locked away and could not answer the other stones anyway, the only remaining stone was the [[Orthanc-stone]], which became useless to the Gondorians.  When [[Beren (Steward of Gondor)|Beren]] gave [[Saruman]] the deserted but secure [[Orthanc]] in {{TA|2759|n}}, he likely assumed that Saruman, head of the leading order against Sauron, would keep it safe.
  
Several of these hidden or lost stones came to light during the [[War of the Ring]].  Previous to this, Saruman used his ''palantír'' to gain knowledge, and eventually was caught when he dared to looked toward [[Mordor]].  Thus, the above war was greatly affected by these stones.  Later, upon Saruman's downfall, its rightful master [[Aragorn II]] twisted it to his will, so that it no longer had a connection with the stolen Ithil stone.
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Several of these hidden or lost stones came to light during the [[War of the Ring]].  Previous to this, Saruman used his ''palantír'' to gain knowledge, and eventually was caught when he dared to looked toward [[Mordor]].  Thus, the above war was greatly affected by these stones.  Later, upon Saruman's downfall, its rightful master [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]] twisted it to his will, so that it no longer had a connection with the stolen Ithil stone.
  
The second ''palantír'' to be revealed was that of Minas Anor.  Denethor, too, had glanced toward Mordor with it, but his great hate of incarnate evil and power of will prevented him from being snared, though it taxed him greatly.  Partially because of what he saw he eventually committed suicide in the darkest hour.  This stone was later used by King [[Aragorn II]], though it is said that anyone of weaker will who looked into it would see the writhing hands of Denethor in his final agony.
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The second ''palantír'' to be revealed was that of Minas Anor.  Denethor, too, had glanced toward Mordor with it, but his great hate of incarnate evil and power of will prevented him from being snared, though it taxed him greatly.  Partially because of what he saw he eventually committed suicide in the darkest hour.  This stone was later used by King [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]], though it is said that anyone of weaker will who looked into it would see the writhing hands of Denethor in his final agony.
  
The final fate of most of the stones is unknown.  The Elostirion-stone was taken west with the [[Ringbearer]]s in [[Third Age 3021|3021]] of the [[Third Age]], severing the last link of [[Middle-earth]] to [[Valinor]].  The stones of Anor and Orthanc are believed to have been reinstated in the [[Reunited Kingdom]] and used officially once more.  The Ithil-stone may have been destroyed in the fall of Barad-dûr, but it is also possible that it too was found and reused in the Reunited Kingdom.  Whether or not the other three lost stones were ever found is never indicated; the Osgiliath-stone may have rolled into the Sea, or it may have lain still in the Anduin.  The stones of Arnor, however, were lost in the frozen seas of [[Forochel]], and therefore it is highly unlikely that they could ever be recovered.
+
The final fate of most of the stones is unknown.  The Elostirion-stone was taken west with the [[Ringbearer]]s in {{TA|3021|n}} of the [[Third Age]], severing the last link of [[Middle-earth]] to [[Valinor]].  The stones of Anor and Orthanc are believed to have been reinstated in the [[Reunited Kingdom]] and used officially once more.  The Ithil-stone may have been destroyed in the fall of Barad-dûr, but it is also possible that it too was found and reused in the Reunited Kingdom.  Whether or not the other three lost stones were ever found is never indicated; the Osgiliath-stone may have rolled into the Sea, or it may have lain still in the Anduin.  The stones of Arnor, however, were lost in the frozen seas of [[Forochel]], and therefore it is highly unlikely that they could ever be recovered.
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==Timeline==
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*{{SA|3319}} - [[Downfall of Númenor]]; seven Stones are taken to [[Middle-earth]] by the [[Faithful]]
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*{{TA|861}} - Division of [[Arnor]]; the [[Amon Sûl-stone]] is contested by [[Arthedain]], [[Cardolan]] and [[Rhudaur]].
 +
*{{TA|1409}} -  The watchtower of [[Amon Sûl]] is destroyed by [[Angmar]]'s forces; the Amon Sûl-stone is taken to [[Fornost]]
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*{{TA|1437}} - Burning of [[Osgiliath]]; the [[Osgiliath-stone]] falls into [[Anduin]]
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*{{TA|1974}} - Fall of [[Arthedain]]; [[Arvedui]] salvages the Amon Sûl and [[Annúminas-stone]]s and takes them with him.
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*{{TA|1975}} - Amon Sûl and Annúminas-stones sink in [[Forochel]]
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*{{TA|2002}} - Sauron seizes the [[Ithil-stone]]. Gondorians stop using the [[Anor-stone]] and [[Orthanc-stone]].
 +
*{{TA|2759}} - [[Saruman]] assumes the Orthanc-stone.
 +
*c. {{TA|3000}} - Saruman is corrupted by the Stone.
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*{{TA|3019}} - The Stone is thrown by [[Wormtongue]]; [[Aragorn]] twists the stone to his will.
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*{{TA|3021}} - The [[Elostirion-stone]] is taken West on the [[White Ship]]
  
 
==Appearance==
 
==Appearance==
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==The Stones==
 
==The Stones==
 
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[[File:John Howe - Saruman's Palantir.jpg|thumb|''[[Saruman]]'s Palantír'' by [[John Howe]]]]
 
* The '''[[Master-stone]]''' was not one of the seven, but remained in the [[Tower of Avallonë]] in [[Tol Eressëa]].  It was the master stone.  It apparently could not communicate with the stones of [[Middle-earth]], or at least is not mentioned having done so.
 
* The '''[[Master-stone]]''' was not one of the seven, but remained in the [[Tower of Avallonë]] in [[Tol Eressëa]].  It was the master stone.  It apparently could not communicate with the stones of [[Middle-earth]], or at least is not mentioned having done so.
  
* The '''[[Osgiliath-stone]]''' was the largest stone among the seven, and chief among them.  It was placed in a prominent building in [[Osgiliath]], the capital city of the kingdom of [[Gondor]].  The ceiling of its chamber was painted to resemble a starry sky, and gave its name (''os-giliath'', the [[Dome of Stars]]) to the city itself.  It was too large for one man to carry.
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* The '''[[Osgiliath-stone]]''' was the largest stone among the seven, and chief among them.  It was placed in a prominent building in [[Osgiliath]], the capital city of the kingdom of [[Gondor]].  The ceiling of its chamber was painted to resemble a starry sky, and gave its name (''[[ost]]-[[gil]]iath'', the [[Dome of Stars]]) to the city itself.  It was too large for one man to carry.
  
* The '''[[Elostirion-stone]]''', also known as the '''[[Elendil Stone]]''', was placed by [[Elendil]] in the tower of [[Elostirion]] in the [[Emyn Beraid]], just west of [[The Shire]].  The tower and stone were maintained and guarded by [[Círdan]] and the [[Lindon]]-[[elves]].  Elendil used it to looked back along the [[Straight Road]] to [[Eressëa]] and even the [[Tower of Avallonë]] and the [[Master-stone]], and though it is indicated that he tried, he could not see the fallen Númenor.  It could not be used in communication with the other stones, and was unique in this respect.
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* The '''[[Elostirion-stone]]''', also known as the '''[[Elendil Stone]]''', was placed by [[Elendil]] in the tower of [[Elostirion]] in the [[Emyn Beraid]], just west of [[The Shire]].  The tower and stone were maintained and guarded by [[Círdan]] and the [[Lindon]]-[[elves]].  Elendil used it to look back along the [[Straight Road]] to [[Eressëa]] and even the [[Tower of Avallonë]] and the [[Master-stone]], and though it is indicated that he tried, he could not see the fallen Númenor.  It could not be used in communication with the other stones, and was unique in this respect.
  
* The '''[[Amon Sûl-stone]]''' was placed in the watch-tower of [[Amon Sûl]].  It was the largest and most powerful of the [[Arnor]]ian ''palantíri'' and the one most used in communication with [[Gondor]].  Like the Osgiliath-stone, it "could not be lifted by one man."
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* The '''[[Amon Sûl-stone]]''' was placed in the watch-tower of [[Weathertop|Amon Sûl]].  It was the largest and most powerful of the [[Arnor]]ian ''palantíri'' and the one most used in communication with [[Gondor]].  Like the Osgiliath-stone, it "could not be lifted by one man."
  
 
* The '''[[Annúminas-stone]]''' was also placed in Arnor, in the city of [[Annúminas]].
 
* The '''[[Annúminas-stone]]''' was also placed in Arnor, in the city of [[Annúminas]].
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* The '''[[Orthanc-stone]]''' was placed in the great tower built by the [[Dúnedain]] in the Second Age at the southern end of the [[Misty Mountains]], [[Orthanc]].  It fell into the hands of the wizard [[Saruman]], who used it to garner information on his neighbors and their activities.  The stone was also partially responsible for Saruman's fall from grace, as he was using it when he came upon [[Sauron]], and was ensnared by him.  After the [[War of the Ring]], the Orthanc-stone remained in the custody of the Kings of Gondor in the [[Fourth Age]].
 
* The '''[[Orthanc-stone]]''' was placed in the great tower built by the [[Dúnedain]] in the Second Age at the southern end of the [[Misty Mountains]], [[Orthanc]].  It fell into the hands of the wizard [[Saruman]], who used it to garner information on his neighbors and their activities.  The stone was also partially responsible for Saruman's fall from grace, as he was using it when he came upon [[Sauron]], and was ensnared by him.  After the [[War of the Ring]], the Orthanc-stone remained in the custody of the Kings of Gondor in the [[Fourth Age]].
  
* The '''[[Anor-stone]]''' was placed at [[Minas Anor]], later renamed [[Minas Tirith]] and made the capital of [[Gondor]].  It was kept an unused secret by the Ruling Stewards until it was ultimately used by Steward [[Denethor II]] to watch his land, and he eventually even challenged Sauron in a battle of wills.  Denethor did not become corrupted, but the great effort of will that this required of him led him to age quickly.  [[Denethor II|Denethor]] was holding the stone when he committed suicide on a funeral pyre, and after this, only people of exceeding power could see in it anything other than two flaming hands.
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* The '''[[Anor-stone]]''' was placed at [[Minas Anor]], later renamed [[Minas Tirith]] and made the capital of [[Gondor]].  It was kept an unused secret by the Ruling Stewards until it was ultimately used by Steward [[Denethor|Denethor II]] to watch his land, and he eventually even challenged Sauron in a battle of wills.  Denethor did not become corrupted, but the great effort of will that this required of him led him to age quickly.  [[Denethor]] was holding the stone when he committed suicide on a funeral pyre, and after this, only people of exceeding power could see in it anything other than two flaming hands.
  
 
==Usage==
 
==Usage==
[[Image:Saruman with Palantir from Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings.jpg|250px|thumb|[[Saruman]] with Palantir from Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]]The purpose of the stones in general was dual: to communicate with one another, and to see afar.  All the stones save for the Elostirion-stone could be used in communication with one another, although the bigger and more powerful stones were favored for this use over long distances.  The great Osgiliath-stone could spy on communication by the lesser stones, and a few others apparently also had special abilities.  The stones' gaze could penetrate beyond any solid object, such as into deep caverns, but required light to see anything.  A technique called ''[[shrouding]]'' was used when something was to be kept secret from any possible watchers using the stones. Knowledge of this technique was lost in time, although Sauron probably knew of it.
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[[File:The Lord of the Rings - The Motion Picture Trilogy - Saruman using Palantír.jpg|250px|thumb|[[Saruman]] with Palantir from Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings]]The purpose of the stones in general was dual: to communicate with one another, and to see afar.  All the stones save for the Elostirion-stone could be used in communication with one another, although the bigger and more powerful stones were favored for this use over long distances.  The great Osgiliath-stone could spy on communication by the lesser stones, and a few others apparently also had special abilities.  The stones' gaze could penetrate beyond any solid object, such as into deep caverns, but required light to see anything.  A technique called ''[[shrouding]]'' was used when something was to be kept secret from any possible watchers using the stones. Knowledge of this technique was lost in time, although Sauron probably knew of it.
  
 
The user or "surveyer" of a ''palantír'' would first assure himself that the stone was oriented properly.  Usually the stones were held firmly so that this did not have to occur at each viewing.  Then the surveyer would take up a position facing the direction he would want to look; for instance, if he wished to look west, he would stand on the eastern side of the stone.  The major stones, however, could be rotated, and thus did not require moving about.  The stones were apparently controlled by will power; although chance largely dictated precisely upon what the gaze of the stones lay, the surveyer could manipulate and shift the gaze by merely concentrating, even when not touching the stone.  This concentrating, however, was quite taxing, and so was not generally used save in urgent situations.  Zooming in could be accomplished through the same methods, and standing three feet away from the stone achieved the best clarity and widest scope.  Stronger and more skilled surveyers could generally see more easily and with less difficulty than others.
 
The user or "surveyer" of a ''palantír'' would first assure himself that the stone was oriented properly.  Usually the stones were held firmly so that this did not have to occur at each viewing.  Then the surveyer would take up a position facing the direction he would want to look; for instance, if he wished to look west, he would stand on the eastern side of the stone.  The major stones, however, could be rotated, and thus did not require moving about.  The stones were apparently controlled by will power; although chance largely dictated precisely upon what the gaze of the stones lay, the surveyer could manipulate and shift the gaze by merely concentrating, even when not touching the stone.  This concentrating, however, was quite taxing, and so was not generally used save in urgent situations.  Zooming in could be accomplished through the same methods, and standing three feet away from the stone achieved the best clarity and widest scope.  Stronger and more skilled surveyers could generally see more easily and with less difficulty than others.
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
 
'''[[Palantír]]''' (pl. ''Palantíri'') is [[Quenya]], meaning "Far seeing".  The [[Sindarin]] cognate is '''[[Gwachaedir]]''' (which is both the singular and plural form).
 
'''[[Palantír]]''' (pl. ''Palantíri'') is [[Quenya]], meaning "Far seeing".  The [[Sindarin]] cognate is '''[[Gwachaedir]]''' (which is both the singular and plural form).
 
==Inflection==
 
{{qya-decl-r|palant|í|i|nomsg=palantír|accsg=palantír}}
 
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
* [[:Category:Images of Palantíri|Images of Palantíri]]
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*[[:Category:Images of palantíri|Images of palantíri]]
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{{Palantiri}}
  
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{{References}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Palantiri}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:Palantiri}}
 
[[Category:Palantíri| ]]
 
[[Category:Palantíri| ]]
 
[[Category:Objects]]
 
[[Category:Objects]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
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[[de:Palantíri]]
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[[fr:encyclo/artefacts/palantiri]]
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[[fi:Palantíri]]

Revision as of 08:41, 3 November 2012

The name Palantír refers to more than one character, item or concept. For a list of other meanings, see Palantir (disambiguation).
Raphael Rau - Palantir.jpg
Palantíri
Other namesSeeing Stones
Derivation of NameQ. palan "far, distant, wide" + tir "watch, guard"
LocationVarious locations in Endor
Owned byElendil and his line, Ruling Stewards, Saruman
MakerFëanor[1]
AppearanceSmooth, round, dark stones
ReferencesThe Lord of the Rings, The Palantíri
"The palantír replied to each, but all those in Gondor were ever open to the view of Osgiliath. Now it appears that, as the rock of Orthanc has withstood the storms of time, so there the palantír of that tower has remained. But alone it could do nothing but see small images of things far off and days remote. Very useful, no doubt, that was to Saruman; yet it seems that he was not content. Further and further abroad he gazed, until he cast his gaze upon Barad-dûr. Then he was caught!"
Gandalf, The Palantír

The palantíri (sometimes translated as "Seeing Stones") were stones that could be used in communication with one another, and also to see many things across the face of the world. When its master looked in it, he could communicate with other Stones and anyone who might be looking into them; people of great power can manipulate the Stones to see virtually any part of the world.

Contents

History

Origin and early history

The palantíri were made by Fëanor in the Uttermost West.[1] Twenty eight palantíri were made, of which nine were given to the Dúnedain of Númenor by Gil-galad as a gift during the Second Age. Of these, Elendil took seven with him in his flight to Middle-earth upon the Downfall of Númenor, and in time they were distributed to seven different locations: four in Gondor and three in Arnor.[2] They were used largely for communication, but also to see what was occurring throughout the respective realms. Their existence was common knowledge, but no-one was allowed easy access to them save for kings and rulers, appointed wardens, or by royal command.

Third Age and beyond

One by one the stones vanished from public knowledge or were lost. The Osgiliath-stone fell into Anduin during the Kin-strife and burning of that city in T.A. 1437. When Arvedui, King of Arnor, was shipwrecked and his line ended in 1975, he drowned with the palantíri of Amon Sûl and Annúminas, the only communicating stones of Arnor. When Minas Ithil fell in 2002, the stone was assumed destroyed in general. The wiser and more foresighted men of Gondor decided that in case Sauron had seized the Stone, they would stop using the Anor-stone to prevent any contact with the Dark Lord. As the Elostirion-stone was locked away and could not answer the other stones anyway, the only remaining stone was the Orthanc-stone, which became useless to the Gondorians. When Beren gave Saruman the deserted but secure Orthanc in 2759, he likely assumed that Saruman, head of the leading order against Sauron, would keep it safe.

Several of these hidden or lost stones came to light during the War of the Ring. Previous to this, Saruman used his palantír to gain knowledge, and eventually was caught when he dared to looked toward Mordor. Thus, the above war was greatly affected by these stones. Later, upon Saruman's downfall, its rightful master Aragorn II twisted it to his will, so that it no longer had a connection with the stolen Ithil stone.

The second palantír to be revealed was that of Minas Anor. Denethor, too, had glanced toward Mordor with it, but his great hate of incarnate evil and power of will prevented him from being snared, though it taxed him greatly. Partially because of what he saw he eventually committed suicide in the darkest hour. This stone was later used by King Aragorn II, though it is said that anyone of weaker will who looked into it would see the writhing hands of Denethor in his final agony.

The final fate of most of the stones is unknown. The Elostirion-stone was taken west with the Ringbearers in 3021 of the Third Age, severing the last link of Middle-earth to Valinor. The stones of Anor and Orthanc are believed to have been reinstated in the Reunited Kingdom and used officially once more. The Ithil-stone may have been destroyed in the fall of Barad-dûr, but it is also possible that it too was found and reused in the Reunited Kingdom. Whether or not the other three lost stones were ever found is never indicated; the Osgiliath-stone may have rolled into the Sea, or it may have lain still in the Anduin. The stones of Arnor, however, were lost in the frozen seas of Forochel, and therefore it is highly unlikely that they could ever be recovered.

Timeline

Appearance

They were perfect spheres, appearing to be made of solid glass or deep black crystal. The smallest stones were one foot in diameter; the larger stones too large for a single man to bear. They were unbreakable save, some thought, by the fires of Orodruin.

The Stones

Saruman's Palantír by John Howe
  • The Osgiliath-stone was the largest stone among the seven, and chief among them. It was placed in a prominent building in Osgiliath, the capital city of the kingdom of Gondor. The ceiling of its chamber was painted to resemble a starry sky, and gave its name (ost-giliath, the Dome of Stars) to the city itself. It was too large for one man to carry.
  • The Amon Sûl-stone was placed in the watch-tower of Amon Sûl. It was the largest and most powerful of the Arnorian palantíri and the one most used in communication with Gondor. Like the Osgiliath-stone, it "could not be lifted by one man."
  • The Orthanc-stone was placed in the great tower built by the Dúnedain in the Second Age at the southern end of the Misty Mountains, Orthanc. It fell into the hands of the wizard Saruman, who used it to garner information on his neighbors and their activities. The stone was also partially responsible for Saruman's fall from grace, as he was using it when he came upon Sauron, and was ensnared by him. After the War of the Ring, the Orthanc-stone remained in the custody of the Kings of Gondor in the Fourth Age.
  • The Anor-stone was placed at Minas Anor, later renamed Minas Tirith and made the capital of Gondor. It was kept an unused secret by the Ruling Stewards until it was ultimately used by Steward Denethor II to watch his land, and he eventually even challenged Sauron in a battle of wills. Denethor did not become corrupted, but the great effort of will that this required of him led him to age quickly. Denethor was holding the stone when he committed suicide on a funeral pyre, and after this, only people of exceeding power could see in it anything other than two flaming hands.

Usage

The purpose of the stones in general was dual: to communicate with one another, and to see afar. All the stones save for the Elostirion-stone could be used in communication with one another, although the bigger and more powerful stones were favored for this use over long distances. The great Osgiliath-stone could spy on communication by the lesser stones, and a few others apparently also had special abilities. The stones' gaze could penetrate beyond any solid object, such as into deep caverns, but required light to see anything. A technique called shrouding was used when something was to be kept secret from any possible watchers using the stones. Knowledge of this technique was lost in time, although Sauron probably knew of it.

The user or "surveyer" of a palantír would first assure himself that the stone was oriented properly. Usually the stones were held firmly so that this did not have to occur at each viewing. Then the surveyer would take up a position facing the direction he would want to look; for instance, if he wished to look west, he would stand on the eastern side of the stone. The major stones, however, could be rotated, and thus did not require moving about. The stones were apparently controlled by will power; although chance largely dictated precisely upon what the gaze of the stones lay, the surveyer could manipulate and shift the gaze by merely concentrating, even when not touching the stone. This concentrating, however, was quite taxing, and so was not generally used save in urgent situations. Zooming in could be accomplished through the same methods, and standing three feet away from the stone achieved the best clarity and widest scope. Stronger and more skilled surveyers could generally see more easily and with less difficulty than others.

To communicate with another stone, the viewer would orient himself and look toward the location of that stone, and the two stones would automatically connect with one another unless one was being used in another conversation. The surveyer would transmit his thoughts to the other stone by thinking, but the person on the other end would hear it in his head. The surveyer and his contact would see one another, but sounds could not be transmitted save through the above method of thought.

The stones were generally placed in bowls or depressions in tables of black marble, oriented through trial and error so that the poles of the stone aligned with the center of the world. The kings usually appointed deputies to look in the stone regularly, or on command, or in times of emergency. Others not authorized by the king could use them, but it took a great amount of willpower, and things were often less clear.

Etymology

Palantír (pl. Palantíri) is Quenya, meaning "Far seeing". The Sindarin cognate is Gwachaedir (which is both the singular and plural form).

See also

The Palantíri
 Stones of Arnor  † Annúminas-stone (Annúminas) · Elostirion-stone (Elostirion - Valinor) · † Amon Sûl-stone (Amon Sûl - Fornost)
Stones of Gondor   † Osgiliath-stone (Osgiliath) · † Ithil-stone (Minas Ithil - Barad-dûr) · Anor-stone (Minas Tirith) · Orthanc-stone (Orthanc - Minas Tirith)
Other  Master-stone (Tower of Avallonë)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Index of Names"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age"