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Perhael

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'''Perhael''' 'half-wise, simple' is [[Sindarin]] for <b>[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]]</b> and is used in the below quote from [[The Return of the King]]:
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'''Perhael''' was a [[Sindarin]] name, meaning "half-wise".<ref>{{PE|17}}, p. 102</ref>, that [[Aragorn|Aragorn II]] used for [[Samwise Gamgee]].<ref>{{RK|Cormallen}}</ref><ref>{{HM|SD}}, p. 129</ref>  The name was a translation of the [[Westron]] name ''[[Banazîr]]''.{{fact}}
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==Etymology==
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From the [[Sindarin]] root ''[[per-]]'' "half" and ''[[sael]]'' meaning "wise".{{fact}}
  
:''Daur a Berhael, Conin en Annûn, eglerio!''
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==Other forms==
:Frodo and Sam, princes of the west, glorify (them)!
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*Berhael: [[lenition|lenited]] form in the phrase ''[[Taur|Daur]] [[a]] '''Berhael''', [[caun|Conin]] [[en]] [[Annûn]], [[egleria-|eglerio]]!''<ref>{{L|211}}, footnote</ref>
  
Here the name is in form <b>Berhael</b> due to the <i>soft lenition</i> which changes <i>p</i> > <i>b</i> after the particle <b>a</b> closely connected to the name (see, e.g. <i>Letters</i>, p. 279, footnote [Letter 211]).
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==Cognates==
 
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*[[Westron]] ''[[Banazîr]]''
The name also appears in the [[King's Letter]] ([[Sauron's Defeat]], p. 128 cf. p. 126):
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==See also==
 
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*[[Iorhael]]
:<i>Cherdir Perhael (i sennui [[Panthael]] estathar aen)</i>
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{{references}}
:Master Samwise (who should be called Fullwise)
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*{{L|230}}
 
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[[Category:Sindarin names]]
See also: <i>Letters</i>, p. 308 [Letter 230]; Thorsten Renk: [http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/mutations.html Mutations in Sindarin], Part II - Grammatical (G)-mutations.
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[[Category:Sindarin words]]
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[[Category:Hobbits]]
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[[de:Samweis Gamdschie#Namen_und_Titel]]
 
[[de:Samweis Gamdschie#Namen_und_Titel]]
 
[[fi:Perhael]]
 
[[fi:Perhael]]

Latest revision as of 13:32, 31 July 2011

Perhael was a Sindarin name, meaning "half-wise".[1], that Aragorn II used for Samwise Gamgee.[2][3] The name was a translation of the Westron name Banazîr.[source?]

[edit] Etymology

From the Sindarin root per- "half" and sael meaning "wise".[source?]

[edit] Other forms

[edit] Cognates

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), p. 102
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated, p. 129
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien; Humphrey Carpenter, Christopher Tolkien (eds.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 211, (dated 14 October 1958), footnote