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Perhael

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'''Perhael''' 'half-wise, simple' is [[Sindarin]] for <b>[[Samwise Gamgee|Samwise]]</b> and is used in the below quote from [[The Return of the King]]:
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'''Perhael''' was a [[Sindarin]] name that [[Aragorn II]] used for [[Samwise Gamgee]],<ref>{{HM|LR}} [[The Return of the King]], [[The Field of Cormallen]]</ref><ref>{{HM|SD}} pp.129</ref> a translation of [[Westron]] name ''[[Banazîr]]''.
:''Daur a Berhael, Conin en Annûn, eglerio!''
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==Etymology==
:Frodo and Sam, princes of the west, glorify (them)!
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From the [[Sindarin]] root ''[[per]]'' "half" and ''[[sael]]'' meaning "wise"
 
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Here the name is in form <b>Berhael</b> due to the <i>soft lenition</i> which changes <i>p</i> > <i>b</i> after the particle <b>a</b> closely connected to the name (see, e.g. <i>Letters</i>, p. 279, footnote [Letter 211]).
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The name also appears in the [[King's Letter]] ([[Sauron Defeated]], p. 129 cf. p. 126):
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:<i>Cherdir Perhael (i sennui [[Panthael]] estathar aen)</i>
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:Master Samwise (who should be called Fullwise)
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See also: <i>Letters</i>, p. 308 [Letter 230]; Thorsten Renk: [http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/mutations.html Mutations in Sindarin], Part II - Grammatical (G)-mutations.
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==Other forms==
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*Berhael: [[lenition|lenited]] form in the phrase ''Daur a Berhael, Conin en Annûn, eglerio!''<ref>{{HM|L}}, [[Letter 211]] footnote</ref>
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{{references}}
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*{{HM|L}} [[Letter 230]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
 
[[Category:Sindarin words]]
 
[[Category:Hobbits]]
 
[[Category:Hobbits]]
 
[[de:Samweis Gamdschie#Namen_und_Titel]]
 
[[de:Samweis Gamdschie#Namen_und_Titel]]
 
[[fi:Perhael]]
 
[[fi:Perhael]]

Revision as of 10:49, 25 October 2009

Perhael was a Sindarin name that Aragorn II used for Samwise Gamgee,[1][2] a translation of Westron name Banazîr.

Etymology

From the Sindarin root per "half" and sael meaning "wise"

Other forms

  • Berhael: lenited form in the phrase Daur a Berhael, Conin en Annûn, eglerio![3]

References

  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings The Return of the King, The Field of Cormallen
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Sauron Defeated pp.129
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien, Humphrey Carpenter (ed.), The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 211 footnote