Pincup was a small village of the Shire. It lay in the northern corner of the Southfarthing, some miles south of the Three-Farthing Stone, in that hilly part of the Shire known as the Green Hill Country. It seems to have been built in the southern slopes of the Green Hills, and was reached by only a single road, apparently leading from the larger settlement of Longbottom to the south.
The origin of Pincup's name are mysterious. Perhaps the most likely possibility would be Old English pín cuppe, 'pine hollow', but this is by no means certain. 'Pine hill' is another possibility, though this doesn't fit easily with the fact that the only known map of Pincup shows it below the Green Hills. More exotically, its name might even be connected with the colourful bird known as a chaffinch, a bird the Anglo-Saxons called a pinca.