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Pre-Númenóreans are the descendants of the Edain who migrated to Beleriand and their relatives became the Haladin while they stayed in regions that would be later settled by the Númenóreans (hence the name).

First Age

Their ancestors moved from Hildórien to the West. During their migration they joined the Drúedain near the White Mountains and stayed with them on friendly terms.

When the core of their team was pressed to wander on, some Drúedain accompanied them northwards[1], passing through the Gap of Calenardhon. Many stayed behind because of the dense forest covering the Minhiriath and the western half of Enedwaith between the Greyflood and the Isen and became herd-tenders. Their descendants were peoples in the forests of the shore-lands south of the Blue Mountains, especially in Minhiriath[2]

Their kin of the White Mountains apparently were later driven off (from the most part) by Men of Darkness during the Dark Years, removed to the southern dales of the Misty Mountains and thence some passed into the empty lands until the Barrow-downs, from whom came the Men of Bree.[3]

At the end of the First Age they had spread from Umbar through the White Mountains to Methedras and Dunland, across Enedwaith and Minhiriath and as far North as Cardolan (up to the line from Sarn Ford to the junction of Gwathló and Mitheithel.

Second Age

The pre-Númenóreans in the White Mountains (between future Pelargir and the Gulf of Lune had refused to join in the rebellion against the Valar[4] and were frequently terrorized and subjected by scattered fugitives from Angband who apparently took in larger numbers to the hills of Rhûdaur and the Mountains of Angmar. They were forest-dwellers, scattered communities without central leadership.[5]

In future Gondor they dwelt far from the coasts and the shores of the Bay of Belfalas were still mainly desolate except perhaps for Agar[6] and Edhellond, a small settlement of Elves at the mouth of the confluence of Morthond and Ringló[4] built near a primitive harbour of Pre-Númenórean fisherfolk who fled into the White Mountains in fear of the Eldar[5]

Because of that, only the Númenórean settlers of Pelargir made contact with Men who dwelt in the valleys on either side of the White Mountains (S.A. 2350[4]


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), Unfinished Tales, "The Drúedain"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men"
  3. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age"
  4. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named DM
  5. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named GC
  6. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Tal-Elmar"