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Quár

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'''''quár''''' is a [[Quenya]] word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.<ref name=PM>{{PM|Dwarves}}, p. 318 (note 7)</ref><ref name=VT>{{VT|47a}}, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)</ref>
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'''''quár''''' or '''''quáre''''' is a [[Quenya]] word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.<ref name=PM>{{PM|Dwarves}}, p. 318 (note 7)</ref><ref name=VT>{{VT|47a}}, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)</ref><ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, pp. 42, 158</ref>
  
 
[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger|Helge Fauskanger]] has suggested the [[Neo-Elvish|Neo-Quenya]] form ''quárë''.<ref>[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger]], "[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/eng-quen.rtf English-Quenya Wordlist (Quettaparma Quenyanna)]" at [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/ Ardalambion] (accessed 25 June 2011)</ref>
 
[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger|Helge Fauskanger]] has suggested the [[Neo-Elvish|Neo-Quenya]] form ''quárë''.<ref>[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger]], "[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/eng-quen.rtf English-Quenya Wordlist (Quettaparma Quenyanna)]" at [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/ Ardalambion] (accessed 25 June 2011)</ref>
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==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
  
The word ''quár'' is a descendant form of [[Primitive Quendian]] ''[[kwāra|kwāră]]'', deriving from root [[KWAR]].<ref name=PM/><ref name=VT/>
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In a late manuscript, the form ''quár'' is a descendant form of [[Primitive Quendian]] ''[[kwāra|kwāră]]'', deriving from root [[KWAR]].<ref name=PM/><ref name=VT/>
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In an earlier manuscript, the form ''quáre'' is a descendant form of [[Primitive Quendian]] ''[[kwāra|kwārē]]'', deriving from root [[KWAR]].<ref name=PE17/>
  
 
==Examples==
 
==Examples==
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==Other versions==
 
==Other versions==
  
A rejected form of the word was ''quáre'' (changed by Tolkien to ''quár'').<ref name=VT/>
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[[J.R.R. Tolkien|Tolkien]] seems to have rejected the form ''quáre'', which was emended to ''quár''.<ref name=VT/>
  
 
In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' appears the forms ''qár'' ("hand"; ?pl. ''qari''), and ''qáre'' ("fist"), deriving from root [[KWAR#Other versions|KWAR]] ("clutching hand, fist").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 366</ref>
 
In the ''[[The Etymologies|Etymologies]]'' appears the forms ''qár'' ("hand"; ?pl. ''qari''), and ''qáre'' ("fist"), deriving from root [[KWAR#Other versions|KWAR]] ("clutching hand, fist").<ref>{{LR|Etymologies}}, p. 366</ref>

Revision as of 22:51, 13 July 2011

quár or quáre is a Quenya word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.[1][2][3]

Helge Fauskanger has suggested the Neo-Quenya form quárë.[4]

Etymology

In a late manuscript, the form quár is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwāră, deriving from root KWAR.[1][2]

In an earlier manuscript, the form quáre is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwārē, deriving from root KWAR.[3]

Examples

Cognates

Other versions

Tolkien seems to have rejected the form quáre, which was emended to quár.[2]

In the Etymologies appears the forms qár ("hand"; ?pl. qari), and qáre ("fist"), deriving from root KWAR ("clutching hand, fist").[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 318 (note 7)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 42, 158
  4. Helge Kåre Fauskanger, "English-Quenya Wordlist (Quettaparma Quenyanna)" at Ardalambion (accessed 25 June 2011)
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 366