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Quár

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'''''quár''''' or '''''quáre''''' is a [[Quenya]] word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.<ref name=PM>{{PM|Dwarves}}, p. 318 (note 7)</ref><ref name=VT>{{VT|47a}}, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)</ref><ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, pp. 42, 158</ref>
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'''''quár''''', or '''''quáre''''', is a [[Quenya]] word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.<ref name=PM>{{PM|Dwarves}}, p. 318 (note 7)</ref><ref name=VT>{{VT|47a}}, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)</ref><ref name=PE17>{{PE|17}}, pp. 42, 158</ref>
  
[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger|Helge Fauskanger]] has suggested the [[Neo-Elvish|Neo-Quenya]] form ''quárë''.<ref>[[Helge Kåre Fauskanger]], "[http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/eng-quen.rtf English-Quenya Wordlist (Quettaparma Quenyanna)]" at [http://folk.uib.no/hnohf/ Ardalambion] (accessed 25 June 2011)</ref>
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In his Appendix to ''[[The Silmarillion]]'', [[Christopher Tolkien]] notes the form '''''quárë''''' ("'fist', often used to mean 'hand'").<ref name=EQS>{{S|Appendix}}, entry ''celeb''</ref>
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
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[[Category:Quenya nouns]]
 
[[Category:Quenya nouns]]

Latest revision as of 20:30, 19 October 2012

quár, or quáre, is a Quenya word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.[1][2][3]

In his Appendix to The Silmarillion, Christopher Tolkien notes the form quárë ("'fist', often used to mean 'hand'").[4]

[edit] Etymology

In a late manuscript, the form quár is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwāră, deriving from root KWAR.[1][2]

In an earlier manuscript, the form quáre is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwārē, deriving from root KWAR.[3]

[edit] Examples

[edit] Cognates

[edit] Other versions

Tolkien seems to have rejected the form quáre, which was emended to quár.[2]

In the Etymologies appears the forms qár ("hand"; ?pl. qari), and qáre ("fist"), deriving from root KWAR ("clutching hand, fist").[5]

[edit] References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 318 (note 7)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 42, 158
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry celeb
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 366