Tolkien Gateway

quár

Revision as of 23:11, 13 July 2011 by Morgan (Talk | contribs)

quár, or quáre, is a Quenya word meaning "fist", as in a hand clenched around a tool or implement.[1][2][3]

In his Appendix to The Silmarillion, Christopher Tolkien notes the form quárë ("'fist', often used to mean 'hand'").[4]

Etymology

In a late manuscript, the form quár is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwāră, deriving from root KWAR.[1][2]

In an earlier manuscript, the form quáre is a descendant form of Primitive Quendian kwārē, deriving from root KWAR.[3]

Examples

Cognates

Other versions

Tolkien seems to have rejected the form quáre, which was emended to quár.[2]

In the Etymologies appears the forms qár ("hand"; ?pl. qari), and qáre ("fist"), deriving from root KWAR ("clutching hand, fist").[5]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 318 (note 7)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Eldarin Hands, Fingers & Numerals and Related Writings — Part One" (edited by Patrick H. Wynne), in Vinyar Tengwar, Number 47, February 2005, pp. 8, 22 (note 21)
  3. 3.0 3.1 J.R.R. Tolkien, "Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings", in Parma Eldalamberon XVII (edited by Christopher Gilson), pp. 42, 158
  4. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Silmarillion, "Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin Names", entry celeb
  5. J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lost Road and Other Writings, "Part Three: The Etymologies", p. 366