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Quenya numbers

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*'''''[[tolto]]''''' = eight
 
*'''''[[tolto]]''''' = eight
 
*'''''[[nertë]]''''' = nine
 
*'''''[[nertë]]''''' = nine
*'''''[[cainen]]''''' = ten
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*'''''[[quain]]''''' = ten
 
*'''''[[minquë]]''''' = eleven
 
*'''''[[minquë]]''''' = eleven
*'''''[[rasta]]''''' = twelve (see '''Note''' below)
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*'''''[[yunque]]''''' = twelve
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*'''''[[quainel]]/nelquea/yunquenta''''' = thirteen
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*'''''[[quaican]]''''' = fourteen
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*'''''[[lepenque]]/[[quailepen]]''''' = fifteen
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*'''''[[enenque]]/[[quainque]]''''' = sixteen
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*'''''[[otoque]]''''' = seventeen
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*'''''[[toloque]]''''' = eighteen
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*'''''[[neterque]]''''' = nineteen
 
*'''''[[haran]]''''' = one hundred
 
*'''''[[haran]]''''' = one hundred
 
 
'''''Note''''': This is reconstructed based on the root word '''RÁSAT'''.
 
  
 
==Ordinals==
 
==Ordinals==
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# [[minya]]
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# [[tatya]] > [[attea]]
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# [[nelya]]/[[neldea]]
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# [[cantea]]
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# [[lemenya]] > [[lempea]]
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# [[enquea]]
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# [[otsea]]
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# [[toldea]]
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# [[nertea]]
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# [[quainea]]
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==Fractions==
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*1/2:''[[peresta]], perta''
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*1/3:''[[nelesta]], neldesta, nelta, nelsat''
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*1/4:''[[canasta]], casta, cansat''
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*1/5:''[[lepesta]], lepsat''
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*1/6:''[[enquesta]]''
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*1/7:''[[otosta]], osta, otsat''
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*1/8:''[[tolosta]], tosta, tolsat''
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*1/9:''[[neresta]], nesta, nersat''
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*1/10:''[[caista]], cast''
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*1/11:''[[minquesta]]''
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*1/12:''[[yunquesta]]''
  
See the quote below:
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==See Also==
  
{{quote|The ordinals evidently have the ending '''-ya''', but only the words for "first, second, third" are attested: '''minya''' (Silm:434), '''tatya''', and '''nelya''' (originally the three clans of the Elves were simply called '''Minyar''', '''Tatyar''', '''Nelyar''' "Firsts, Seconds, Thirds"; cf. also Maedhros' Quenya name '''Nelyafinwë''' "Finwë third", PM:352). "Fourth" might be *'''cantya''' or perhaps rather *'''canya''', following the pattern of '''nelya''' instead of '''neldya''' (neldë "three"), indicating that the shortest form of the stem is used to form ordinals (cf. the prefixes '''nel-''' and '''can-''' mentioned under NEL, KÁNAT - but *'''nelya''' instead of *'''neldya''' may also be due to the loss of '''d'''' before y in Noldorin Quenya). "Tenth" may be *'''cainenya''' (and hence *'''attacainenya''' "twentieth" etc). "Hundredth" is evidently *'''haranya''', the basis of the attested noun '''haranyë'''. However, it is not clear how the ending '''-ya''' will be added to '''lempë''', '''enquë''', '''otso''', '''tolto''', '''nertë''', '''minquë'''. One could use reduced forms of the stems and construct something like *'''lemya''' (or *'''lepya'''?) "fifth", *'''entya''' (for *'''encya''') "sixth", *'''otya''' "seventh", *'''toltya''', "eighth", *'''nertya''' "ninth", *'''mintya''' (for *'''mincya''') "eleventh". Alternatively another adjectival ending, such as '''-a''', might be employed to produce forms like *'''lempëa''', *'''enquëa''', *'''otsa''' (*'''otsëa'''?), *'''tolta''' (*'''toltëa'''?), *'''nertëa''', *'''minquëa'''. We do not know.|[http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/ Ardalambion], [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/numerals.htm Quenya numerals]}}
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* [[Sindarin_numbers|Sindarin numbers]]
 
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[[Category:Quenya numbers]]
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==Online Resources==
 
==Online Resources==
 
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* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/numerals.htm Ardalambion on Quenya numbers] - Early theory on how we can count above ten; uses material from ''[[The Etymologies]]''
* [http://www.uib.no/People/hnohf/numerals.htm Ardalambion on Quenya numbers]
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*[http://www.phy.duke.edu/~trenk/elvish/numerals.html Eldarin Numberals] by Thorsten Renk - Discussion of different numerical concepts through the evolution of Tolkien's languages.
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[[Category:Quenya numbers|*]]

Latest revision as of 23:25, 5 April 2011

Quenya numbers


The Quenya Numbers were as follows:

Contents

[edit] Ordinals

  1. minya
  2. tatya > attea
  3. nelya/neldea
  4. cantea
  5. lemenya > lempea
  6. enquea
  7. otsea
  8. toldea
  9. nertea
  10. quainea

[edit] Fractions

[edit] See Also

[edit] Online Resources