Tolkien Gateway

Quenya numbers

(Difference between revisions)
(Added Ardalambion quote until someone can write a section on ordinals)
Line 12: Line 12:
 
*'''''[[tolto]]''''' = eight
 
*'''''[[tolto]]''''' = eight
 
*'''''[[nertë]]''''' = nine
 
*'''''[[nertë]]''''' = nine
*'''''[[cainen]]''''' = ten
+
*'''''[[quain]]''''' = ten
 
*'''''[[minquë]]''''' = eleven
 
*'''''[[minquë]]''''' = eleven
*'''''[[rasta]]''''' = twelve (see '''Note''' below)
+
*'''''[[yunque]]''''' = twelve
 +
*'''''[[quainel]]/nelquea/yunquenta]]''''' = thirteen
 +
*'''''[[quaican]]''''' = fourteen
 +
*'''''[[lepenque]]/[[quailepen]]]]''''' = fifteen
 +
*'''''[[enenque]]/[[quainque]]]]''''' = sixteen
 +
*'''''[[otoque]]''''' = seventeen
 +
*'''''[[toloque]]''''' = eighteen
 +
*'''''[[neterque]]''''' = nineteen
 
*'''''[[haran]]''''' = one hundred
 
*'''''[[haran]]''''' = one hundred
 
 
'''''Note''''': This is reconstructed based on the root word '''RÁSAT'''.
 
  
 
==Ordinals==
 
==Ordinals==
 
 
See the quote below:
 
See the quote below:
  

Revision as of 13:28, 23 February 2009

Quenya numbers


The Quenya Numbers were as follows:

Ordinals

See the quote below:

"The ordinals evidently have the ending -ya, but only the words for "first, second, third" are attested: minya (Silm:434), tatya, and nelya (originally the three clans of the Elves were simply called Minyar, Tatyar, Nelyar "Firsts, Seconds, Thirds"; cf. also Maedhros' Quenya name Nelyafinwë "Finwë third", PM:352). "Fourth" might be *cantya or perhaps rather *canya, following the pattern of nelya instead of neldya (neldë "three"), indicating that the shortest form of the stem is used to form ordinals (cf. the prefixes nel- and can- mentioned under NEL, KÁNAT - but *nelya instead of *neldya may also be due to the loss of d' before y in Noldorin Quenya). "Tenth" may be *cainenya (and hence *attacainenya "twentieth" etc). "Hundredth" is evidently *haranya, the basis of the attested noun haranyë. However, it is not clear how the ending -ya will be added to lempë, enquë, otso, tolto, nertë, minquë. One could use reduced forms of the stems and construct something like *lemya (or *lepya?) "fifth", *entya (for *encya) "sixth", *otya "seventh", *toltya, "eighth", *nertya "ninth", *mintya (for *mincya) "eleventh". Alternatively another adjectival ending, such as -a, might be employed to produce forms like *lempëa, *enquëa, *otsa (*otsëa?), *tolta (*toltëa?), *nertëa, *minquëa. We do not know."
Ardalambion, Quenya numerals

Online Resources