Rangers of the North
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The term 'Rangers of the North' was used most often by those who lived in the southern lands of Rohan and Gondor, perhaps to distinguish this people from their distant cousins, the Rangers of Ithilien. Like the Rangers of the North, these were also Dúnedain, but they belonged to the South-kingdom of Gondor, and their ancestors had been divided from the Northern Dúnedain for some three thousand years.
The Dúnedain of Arnor dwindled after the breaking of Arnor into three kingdoms and the wars with Angmar. Cardolan and Rhudaur soon fell and only the petty-kingdom of Arthedain maintained the noble line of the West. Finally however, that too was destroyed in the Battle of Fornost and Arvedui, the last King of Arthedain was lost in the sea.
Arvedui's son and heir, Aranarth claimed the title of the Chieftain, who would rule the remnants of his people. Each of the Chieftains could trace his descent back to the Kings of Arnor and ultimately to Isildur himself.
The Rangers became a wandering and nomadic people around Eriador, little remembered and their deeds were seldom recorded.
At the time of the War of the Ring, the Chieftain was Aragorn II, but the people he led were scattered and diminished. When Halbarad led a troop of the Rangers into the south to Aragorn's aid in the War, he could muster no more than thirty in this company.
Portrayal in Adaptations
2007: The Lord of the Rings Online: