Ravens were large black birds, associated with ill news of death, and were known for their harsh voices. The ravens that lived on Ravenhill near Erebor, though, were friendly with the Dwarves, and some could even speak Westron. Carc had been one of these, and his son Roäc was the leader of the ravens of Erebor around T.A. 2941, when Thorin and Company reclaimed the mountain from Smaug.
It has been suggested that J.R.R. Tolkien's use of ravens is reminiscent of the Odin's two messenger-ravens Huginn and Muminn of the Norse mythology, appearing in the Edda. See also: Roäc: Inspiration
Portrayal in adaptations
1982-97: Middle-earth Role Playing:
- Ravens, level 4 birds, are enchanted and intelligent, friends of the Free Peoples. They are reputedly the messengers of the Vala Námo (Mandos), and are able to speak many Mannish and Elvish tongues.
- "Ravens of the North" are "creatures of especially powerful magic", being able to understand Westron and having extraordinarily long lives.
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, "III. The Lay of Leithian: Canto II (Gorlim's betrayal and Beren's revenge)", p. 161 (§119)
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Lays of Beleriand, pp. 164-165, 341
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Two Towers, "The Voice of Saruman"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit, "The Gathering of the Clouds"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "The Siege of Gondor"
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien; Douglas A. Anderson, (ed.), (2002) The Annotated Hobbit: Revised and Expanded Edition, p. 315
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún, p. 72
- ↑ J.R.R. Tolkien, Christopher Tolkien (ed.), The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún, pp. 275, 285
- ↑ Ruth Sochard Pitt, Jeff O'Hare, Peter C. Fenlon, Jr. (1994), Creatures of Middle-earth (2nd edition) (#2012), pp. 26, 132
- ↑ Scott Bennie, Mike Mearls, Steve Miller, Aaron Rosenberg, Chris Seeman, Owen Seyler, and George Strayton (2003), Fell Beasts and Wondrous Magic, p. 58